The city of Semarang is the capital of Central Java province, Indonesia and the fifth largest metropolitan city in Indonesia after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung and Medan. As one of the most developed cities on the island of Java, Semarang has a population of nearly 2 million people and daylight can reach 2.5 million people. In fact, the Metropolitan Area of Kedungsapur (Kendal, Demak, Ungaran, Semarang Regency, Salatiga, and Purwodadi, Grobogan Regency) with a population of about 6 million is the fourth densely populated Metropolitan Area after Jabodetabek (Jakarta), Gerbangkertosusilo (Surabaya), and Bandung Raya. In recent years, the development of Semarang is also marked by the appearance of several skyscrapers in several corners of the city. Unfortunately, the rapid population makes traffic congestion in the city of Semarang increasingly jammed. Semarang is led by the mayor of Hendrar Prihadi, S.E, M.M and deputy mayor Ir. Hj. Hevearita Gunaryanti Rahayu. The city is located about 558 km east of Jakarta, or 312 km west of Surabaya, or 621 km southwest of Banjarmasin (via air). Semarang is bordered by the Java Sea in the north, Demak regency in the east, Semarang regency in the south, and Kendal regency in the west. The city area is 373.67 km2.
In the past, around 1594 there were a prince from Demak sultanate named Pangeran Made Pandan and his son Raden Pandan Arang who left Demak to the west. They went to a place called Pulau Tirang and then Pangeran Made Pandan opened a forest and founded a pesantren to spread Islam. From time to time, as the area became more fertile, it emerged asem tree which grew sparsely. In Javanese language (tree) asam (tamarind) (j)arang (sparsely), thus giving the title or the name of the area as Semarang.
As the founder of the village, he was appointed to be the head of the local area by the community and his students, with the title of Kyai Ageng Pandan Arang I. After his death, the region was held by his son who was called as Pandan Arang II. Under the leadership of Pandan Arang II, the area of Semarang increasingly showed its growth, thus attracting the attention of Sultan Hadiwijaya from the kingdom of Pajang. Due to the increased requirements of the regions, it was decided to make Semarang the same level as regency. Finally Pandan Arang II was crowned as the first regent by Sultan Pajang after the deliberation with Sunan Kalijaga. It also coincided with the commemoration of Nabi Muhammad SAW Birthday, 12th of Rabi al-Awwal in 954 H or coincided with the date of May 2, 1547 M. Semarang was also established on the same date.
The reign of Pandan Arang II showed the prosperous heyday that the people can enjoy. But that period could not last long because Regent Pandan Arang II resigned from an abundant worldly life based on the advice of Sunan Kalijaga. Then he left his position and also left the city of Semarang with the family heading south through Salatiga and Boyolali, finally he got to a hill called Jabalekat in Klaten. In this area, he became an Islamic propagator in the southern part of Central Java. The prominent teaching was patembatan (mutual cooperation and harmony), so that he was called as Sunan Tembayat. He died in 1553 and was buried at the top of Mount Jabalkat.
After Regent Pandan Arang II resigned and was replaced by Raden Ketib, Raden Kanoman or Pandan Arang (1553-1586), then replaced by Mas R.Tumenggung Tambi (1657-1659), Mas Tumenggung Wongsorejo (1659-1666), Mas Tumenggung Prawiroprojo (1666-1670), Mas Tumenggung Alap-alap (1670-1674), Kyai Mertonoyo, Kyai Tumenggung. Yudonegoro or Kyai Adipati Suromenggolo (1674 -1701), Raden Raden Maotoyudo or Summmgrat (1743- 1751), Marmowijoyo or Sumowijoyo or Sumonegoro or Surohadimenggolo (1751-1773), Surohadimenggolo IV (1773-?), Adipati Surohadimenggolo V or Kanjeng Terboyo ( ?), Raden Tumenggung Surohadiningrat (? -1841), Putro Surohadimenggolo (1841-1855), Mas Ngabehi Reksonegoro (1855- 1860), RTP Suryokusurno (1860-1887), RTP Reksodirjo (1887-1891), RMTA Purbaningrat (1891- ?), Raden Cokrodipuro (? -1927), RM Soebiyono (1897-1927). The next one was RM Amin Suyitno (1927-1942), RMAA Sukarman Mertohadinegoro (1942-1945), R. Soediyono Taruna Kusumo (1945-1945), it only lasted for a month, M. Soemardjito Priyohadisubroto (1946, 1949 -1952, during the Government of Republic Indonesia). When RIS Administration was a federal government, Bupati RM.Condronegoro was appointed until 1949. After the recognition of sovereignty from the Netherlands, the position of regent was handed over to M. Sumardjito. His successor was R. Oetoyo Koesoemo (1952-1956). His position as a Regent of Semarang was no longer taking care of the city but also taking care of outer area of Semarang city. It happened as the development of Semarang as Kota Praja (Municipality).
Semarang City is located between 6 ° 50 '- 7 ° 10' South Latitude (LS) line and line 109 ° 35 - 110 ° 50 'East Longitude (BT). It is bordered to the west by Kendal regency, east of Demak regency, south to Semarang regency and northern boundary by Java Sea with long coastline covering 13.6 Km. The height of Semarang City is located between 0.75 m - 348 m above the coastline. The altitude is 0.75 m (coastal area), 2.45 m (Johar area), 3.49 m (Simpang Lima area), 90.56 m (Candi Baru), 136 m (Jatingaleh), 270 m (Gombel) 253 m (Mijen) and 348 m (Gunungpati).
The city of Semarang consists of 16 sub-districts and 177 urban villages. District and Sub-District are as follows:
The population of Semarang City in the year 2014 is 1,672,990 inhabitants. While in 2015 the population of Semarang City is 1,701,110 inhabitants. Of the total population, the number of men was 834,120 inhabitants and women was 866,990 inhabitants. The sex ratio between men and women is 0.96 and with a population density of 4,552 per km 2 by 2015.
Source: Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS), Central Java in Figures 2016
The workforce of Semarang City in 2015 was 888,066 inhabitants and 438,287 inhabitants of the non-labor force. Of the total workforce, the working population was 836,837 inhabitants and the unemployment was 51,229 inhabitants. For UMK (Minimum Wage of Regency/City) in Semarang City in 2015 was Rp. 1.685.000,00. In 2016 increased to Rp. 1.909.000,00.
Source: Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS), Central Java in Figures 2016
There were 530 public and private primary schools in all subdistricts of Semarang in 2014. There were 162 Madrasah Ibtida'iyah (MI). There were 93 Junior High Schools (SMP) and 40 Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTS). The number of SMA (High School) / SMK (Vocational High School) in Semarang was 63 and 10 Madarasah Aliyah (MA).
Source: Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS), Central Java in Figures 2016
a. The award of Wahana Tata Nugraha Kencana in 2015 in the field of Land Transportation
b. Performance Achievement with Very High Predicate in Local Government Implementation Year 2016
Jambu Air Semarang
Jambu Air Semarang or Semarang Rose-Apple (Syzygium samarangense) is a plant species in the family Myrtaceae originally from Indonesia and Malaysia. The trees and the fruits of Semarang rose-apple are not much different from the watery rose-apple (S. aqueum). Some cultivars are even difficult to distinguish, so both are often named by the common name of rose-apple or Java apple.
Jambu Semarang has been glorified and the best parent tree competitions are routinely conducted every year in the northern coastal area of Central Java. Some cultivars include 'Cincalo Merah' (from Semarang), 'Green Cincalo', 'Camplong', 'Red Candle', 'Green Candle', 'Citra' (originally from Demak), 'Bangkok', 'Black Diamond', ' Black Pearl ', and' King Rose '.
Lumpia Semarang (loenpia Semarang) or Semarang Spring roll is a kind of rollade food containing bamboo shoots, eggs, and chicken or shrimp. The taste of Semarang spring rolls is a mixture of taste between Chinese and Indonesian because it was first made by a Chinese descent who married Indonesian and settled in Semarang, Central Java. This food started to be sold and known in Semarang when GANEFO (Game of the New Emerging Forces), a sport event, was held during the reign of President Soekarno
Lawang Sewu (English: a thousand doors) is one of historic buildings in Indonesia which located in Semarang City, Central Java. This building was initially used as the office of Nederlands-Indische Spoorweg Maatschappij or NIS (Netherlands East Indies Railway Company). It was built in 1904 and completed in 1907. It is located at the Tugu Muda roundabout formerly called Wilhelminaplein. Local people call it Lawang Sewu because the building has so many doors, despite the fact, the number of doors does not reach a thousand. This building has many high and wide windows, so people often think of it as a door (lawang). After the independence day of Indonesia, this ancient and majestic two-story building was used as the office of Djawatan Kereta Api Repoeblik Indonesia (Railway Bureau of the Republic of Indonesia) or now known as PT Kereta Api Indonesia. It was also used as the Office of Infrastructure Regional Military Command (Kodam IV / Diponegoro) and Regional Office (Kanwil) of the Ministry of Transportation of Central Java.
During the war of independence, this building has its historical record. When the five-day battle took place in Semarang (14 October -19 October 1945), the old building became the location of a great battle between the youth of AMKA or the Railway Youth Force against Kempetai and Kidobutai, Japan. Therefore, the Government of Semarang City under the Mayor Decree Number. 650/50/1992 stated Lawang Sewu as one of 102 ancient or historic buildings in Semarang City that worth to be preserved. Currently, the old building has undergone a conservation and revitalization phase conducted by the Conservation Unit of historical objects and buildings of PT Kereta Api Persero.
Semarang Old Town or was known as Outstadt or Little Netherland includes a row of buildings built since the Dutch era. In general, the character of buildings in this region influenced the style of European architecture around the 1700s. This can be seen from the characteristic of typical building architecture and ornaments that are identical with European style, like the size of the doors and windows are enormous, the use of colored glass, the shape of a unique roof, to the existence of basement. In terms of urban planning, this region is located at the same place as the Blenduk church and the government offices as its center. Regardless of its shape and any of its current functions, the Old Town will be a valuable asset if it is packaged properly by the municipal Goverment. Semarang Old Town has become a part of history of Semarang and the history of Indonesia as well with its extraordinary historical value. The area of Old Town is about 31 hectares. As stated in the Local Regulation no. 8/2003 concerning on Building and Environment Regulation Planning, out of 201 buildings in the Old Town Area only 105 buildings are considered as conservation buildings.
Goa Kreo is a cave that is believed as remains of Sunan Kalijaga’s when he was looking for teak wood to build the Great Mosque of Demak. According to the legend, Sunan Kalijaga met a shrewdness of apes that were then told to keep the teak wood.
The word "Kreo" comes from Mangreho which means keep or keep it. This word then makes this cave called as Goa Kreo and since then a shrewdness of apes that inhabited this area became the keeper. Besides enjoying the beautiful natural scenery and the cool air and joking with the apes in this area, visitors can also enjoy the view of Jatibarang reservoir, water skiing, or fishing. This attraction is approximately 8 km from Tugumuda and they hold a ceremony of Sesaji Rewanda (Rewanda offerings) every 3 Syawal (the tenth month of the Arabic calendar).
Water Blaster Graha Temple Golf Semarang is the first water rides built in Semarang and become the mainstay of family recreation of the city of Semarang. The total water rides owned by Water Blaster Semarang are 25 units. The virtue of this place is that it has a water slide with a height of 25 meters above ground level. You can glide fast and spin along 230 meters.
There are also other games such as flying fox, paint ball, jungle tree. The path that used this game is spread over the water rides of Water Blaster with a height of 23 meters and 105 meters long. A water-themed environment setting is such a suitable place to take pre-wedding photos. Other facilities are gathering places, it can be used for halal-bihalal gatherings, family gatherings, or family and company meetings.
- Monday : 01.00 -17.30 PM
- Tuesday - Saturday : 10.00 - 17.30 PM
- Sunday & Holidays : 07.00 - 17.30 PM
- Monday to Friday : Rp. 40.000, -
- Saturday, Sunday and Holidays : Rp. 50.000, -
- Custom Price on Holidays
Kandri tourist village, Gunungpati Subdistric, Semarang has a cave called 'Gua Kreo'. This cave is inhabitanted by long-tailed Javanese monkeys. This tourist village is located alongside to the Jatibarang dam. The potential of this village is a traditional culinary made from cassava such as "Getuk Kethek", cassava tapai, dodol tapai, food and snacks made from moca flour. Local people also make handicraft products from bamboo, such as hoods, vases, etc. In terms of culture, Kandri maintains local culture such as ketoprak, wayang kulit, 'wayang suket' which made of grass, and a mortar show as an art show.
LICENSE AND FINANCING
Integrated Licensing Service Agency (BPPT) of Semarang City, which is a Regional Device Work Unit (SKPD), is an institution aims to support the financial and economic resources of the region. In fact, these two strategic components have not been managed appropriately, so it has not been able to contribute significantly for the regional development financing. Here is the contact information of licensing service mechanism at BPPT Kota Semarang:
BPPT Kota Semarang Contact
Address : Jl. Pemuda No.146, Semarang
Phone : (024) 354.8591 / 351.3366
Fax : -
Email : email@example.com
Website : www.bppt.semarangkota.go.id
Facebook : firstname.lastname@example.org
Twitter : @BpptSmgKota
Development of Agro Pati and Mijen Mountain
Gunungpati and Mijen areas are projected as an agro-tourism destination in Semarang City to support the existence of Kreo Cave, Jatibarang Reservoir and Tourism Village. These areas are a tourist chain route among Semarang Regency - Semarang City - Kab. Kendal. Current agricultural / plantation crops are Rambutan, Durian, Klengkeng (Longan), etc. and there are also terrestrial fisheries and livestock.
b. Project Scope
The provision of integrated agro-tourism facilities and infrastructure
District of Gunung Pati and Mijen Sub-district, Semarang City
d. Financial Aspect
Estimated investment value: Rp 16,167,409,000
e. Investment Scheme
100% private investment
f. Contact Person
Dra. Sri Martini, MM.
Head of Board of Integrated Licensing Service of Semarang City
Address : Jl. Pemuda 148 Semarang
Tel / Fax : +6224 3585944, 3584504 / +6224 3584504/ +6281 22913235
Email : email@example.com