Wonogiri Regency is located in the southeastern part of the Central Java Province. The northern part is bordered by Karanganyar and Sukoharjo Regencies, the southern part is directly bordered by the Indonesia Ocean, the western part is bordered by Gunung Kidul in Yogyakarta Province, the eastern part is adjacent to East Java Province, namely Ponorogo Regency, Magetan Regency and Pacitan Regency. Its capital is located in Wonogiri Subdistrict. The land area of this district is 1,822.37 km² with a population of 928,904 people.
The History of the formation of Wonogiri Regency can not be separated from the journey of the life and the struggle or Raden Mas Said or also known by his nickname Pangeran Sambernyawa. The government of Wonogiri regency was originally a home base of Raden Mas Said’s struggle in opposing the Dutch colonialism. The origin of Wonogiri itself comes from the Java language of ‘Wana’ (forest/rice field) and giri (mountain/mountains). This name is accurately describing the terrain and condition of Wonogiri Regency, which is mostly consist of rice fields, forests and mountains area.
Raden Mas Said was born in Kartasura on Sunday Legi, on 4 Ruwah 1650 years Jimakir, Windu Adi Wuku Wariagung, or coinciding with the date of April 8, 1725 AD. Raden Mas Said is the son of Kanjeng Pangeran Aryo Mangkunegoro and Raden Ayu Wulan who died during childbirth.
Raden Mas Said was only two years old when he was separated from his father because of a vile act of slander from Kanjeng Ratu and Patih Danurejo who made Raden Mas Said’s father (Kanjeng Pangeran Aryo Mangkunegoro) disposal to the Land Kaap (Ceylon) or Sri Lanka by the Dutch. As a result, Raden Mas Said had a childhood far from a Royal palace. Raden Mas Said spent his childhood with the children of courtiers, therefore, he understands exactly how the life of the commoner. The wisdom behind the lost of his father is what has forge Raden Mas Said into a person who has a caring nature to his followers and a sense of togetherness with the courtiers who are just ordinary small people.
At one time there was an incident in Keraton that made Raden Mas Said felt uneasy, because of the injustice done by the King (Paku Buwono II) who positioned Raden Mas Said only as Gandhek Anom (Manteri Anom) or parallel to Abdi Dalem Manteri. Whereas in accordance with the royal degree and position, Raden Mas Said should be postioned as Prince Sentana with the title of Kanjeng Pangeran Harya (KPH).
Seeing this, Raden Mas Said wanted to complain the injustice to the King, but it was stopped by the Patih Kartasura cold respond. And by not saying anything about the complain, Patih Kartasura gave a bag of gold to Raden Mas Said. Patih’s behavior makes Raden Mas Said very embarrassed and angry, because that’s not he wanted to see. And he only demanded justice, not just some excuse to ask for money.
Raden Mas Said, with his uncle, Ki Wiradiwangsa and Raden Sutawijaya, who suffered the same fate, held talks to discuss the injustices that befall them. In the end, Raden Mas Said decided to get out of the palace and held a resistance against the King.
Raden Mas Said with his followers began to wander looking for a safe area to re-establish power. Raden Mas Said and his followers arrived in an area and began to held meetings to regroup and establish a new government, even though it was very simple form of government. The incident of the establishment of the government took place on Wednesday Kliwon on 3 Rabiulawal (Mulud) in Jumakir windu Sengoro, with candra sengkala Angrasa Retu Ngoyag Jagad or the year 1666 in the Javanese calendar. And in the calculation of the Christian calendar coincides with Wednesday Kliwon dated May 19, 1741 AD.
The targeted area of Raden Mas Said at that time was Nglaroh Hamlet (Selogiri sub-district), and it was there that Raden Mas Said used a stone to formulate a strategy against the injustice. This stone was later known as Watu Gilang which was in the beginning of the struggle of Raden Mas Said in the fight against injustice and all forms of colonialism. Together with his loyal followers, a core army was formed and later developed into war officers qualified as Punggowo Baku Kawandoso Joyo. The support from the Nglaroh people to the struggle of Raden Mas Said was also very high which was adhered to by Kyai Wiradiwangsa who was appointed as Patih. From there the beginning of a simple form of government that will become pioneer the Wonogiri regency.
In controlling his struggle, Raden Mas Said issued a slogan that has become a vow-hearted pledge renowned for the oath of "Kawulo Gusti" or "Pamoring Kawulo Gusti" as the binder of the inner ties between the leader and his people, dissolved in words and deeds, progressing together in a matching pace like a big family that are hard to scatter by enemies. The pledge reads "Tiji tibeh, Mati Siji Mati Kabeh, Mukti Siji Mukti Kabeh". This is the concept of togetherness between leaders and people who are led and among their fellow people.
Raden Mas Said also created a concept of government management known as Tri Darma namely:
- Mulat Sarira Hangrasa Wani, meaning dare to die in battle because in battle there are only two choices: to life or to die. Dare to act in the face of trials and challenges even though in reality it is hard to implement. Conversely, when receiving a grace either in the form of property, wealth, or any other grace, must be accepted in a humble and reasonable manner. Hangrasa Wani, willing to share happy with others.
- Rumangsa Melu Handarbeni, meaning to feel belonging his/her own area, embedded in the deepest part of the heart, so that in the end will lead to the feeling of willing to fight, work, and contribute for his/her region. To feel care for and to preserve the wealth of the region is also contained therein.
- Wajib Melu Hangrungkebi, it means to feel involved therefore to have an arising awareness to fight to the death for his/her homeland.
There is no doubt in Raden Mas Said’s persistence in the fight against his enemies, even when accompanied with only a few soldiers, he will not flinch against those enemie.
Raden Mas Said is a capable warlord, proven during his life has been doing no less than 250 times of battle by not suffering any meaningful defeat. It was from here, Raden Mas Said earned the nickname "Prince Sambernyawa" because he was considered as the death bringer (Snatcher of Life) for anyone who is unlucky enough to become his enemy in battle.
Thanks to the tenacity and toughness of Raden Mas Said in the tactics of fighting and guerrilla that the area of his struggle then extends to include Ponorogo, Madiun and Rembang, even when to the area of Yogyakarta. In the end, at the inducement of Sunan Paku Buwono III, Raden Mas Said was willing to be invited to the negotiating table to end the battle.
In the negotiations involving Sunan Paku Buwono III, Sultan Hamengkubuwono I and the Dutch Company, it was agreed that Raden Mas Said got the territory and was appointed as Adipati Miji or the Duke of Miji and independently titled Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Arya (KGPAA) Mangkunegoro I. The agreement of Raden Mas Said occurred on 17 March 1757 through an agreement in the Salatiga area. His position as the Duke of Miji is parallel to the position of Sunan Paku Buwono III and Sultan Hamengkubuwono I with the area of power covering Keduwang (East Wonogiri area), Honggobayan (northeast of Wonogiri to Jatipurno and Jumapolo Karanganyar), Sembuyan (around Wuryantoro and Baturetno), Matesih, and Gunung Kidul.
KGPAA Mangkunegoro I divides the area of Wonogiri Regency into 5 (five) regions that each have virtues or characteristics used as a method in formulating leadership strategies, namely:
- Nglaroh area (northern Wonogiri area, now included in Selogiri sub-district). The nature of the people of this region is Bandol Ngrompol which means strong in terms of spiritual and physical, has the nature of clustering or gathering. This characteristic is very positive in relation to raising unity among people. People in the Nglaroh area are also brave, belligerent, like to make a fuss, but if the government can harness the potential of the people of Nglaroh, they can be a strong basic force for the struggle.
- Sembuyan area (southern Wonogiri region now Baturetno and Wuryantoro), has character as Kutuk Kalung Kendho which means to be obedient, have paternalistic nature, and easy to command by someone who has leadership.
- Wiroko area (the region along Kali Wiroko or southeastern Wonogiri Regency now included in the Tirtomoyo Sub-district). The people of this region have character as Kethek Saranggon, have similarities like the nature of apes who like to live clustered, unruly, irritable and less attention to good manners. If approached they are sometimes less willing to respect others, but if shunned they will be hurt or offended. It can be difficult or the very least, tricky.
- Keduwang area (eastern part of Wonogiri) its people have character as Lemah Bang Gineblegan. Meaning that The people is characterized like a clay that can be solid and can be formed when patted. The people of this area like to spend their time and wealth wastefully and difficult to carry out orders. But for a leader who knows and understands their character traits and characteristics, it is like being able to form a clay, they will be easily directed to do useful things.
- Honggobayan area (northeast of Wonogiri to the Jatipurno’s and Jumapolo’s border of Karanganyar Regency) has character like Asu Galak Ora Nyathek. Characteristics of society here is similar to a dog that likes to bark but does not like to bite. At a glance, judging from its words and language, the Honggobayan people are rough and tough, showing a proud and arrogant and high-hearted nature, so much that the roughness seems scary. But they are actually kind-hearted, the command of the leader will be done with full responsibility.
By understanding the character of people in these areas, Raden Mas Said implements different ways of governing and controlling the people of his territory, exploring the maximum potential to be able to progress in building the region. Raden Mas Said ruled for approximately 40 years and he died on December 28, 1795.
Wonogiri Regency is located between 7° 32 '- 8º 15' S and 110° 41 '- 111º 18' E. The position of Wonogiri Regency is very strategic because it is located at the southern tip of Central Java Province and is flanked by East Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Province. The land area of Wonogiri Regency is 182,236.02 ha. Administratively, it is divided into 25 Subdistricts, 43 Sub-districts and 251 Villages. Wonogiri Regency’s natural land condition is mostly in the form of rocky limestone mountains, especially in the southern part, which includes the rows of the Thousand Mountains and is the spring of the majestic Bengawan Solo river. While the boundaries of Wonogiri Regency with other regions are as follows:
- South It is adjacent to Pacitan regency (East Java) and Samudera Indonesia Ocean
- North Bordered by Sukoharjo and Karanganyar Regencies (Central Java)
- East It is bordered by Karanganyar and Ponorogo regencies (East Java)
- West It is bordered by Yogyakarta (DIY)
Topographically, most of Wonogiri Regency is lowland areas with height between 100-300 meters above sea level (asl). While some are highland that is at 500 m or more from sea surface. This area includes Jatiroto and Karangtengah Subdistricts. The physiography of Wonogiri Regency is mostly wavy hills. While terrestrial physiography is very limited only in some places, especially in alluvial land forms. Climatic conditions in Wonogiri Regency is tropical type or have two seasons, namely rainy and dry. Seasonal changes take place throughout the year with an average air temperature of 24°-32° C. Rainfall in Wonogiri regency averages between 1,557 – 2,476 mm/year with rainy days between 107-153 days / year.
District in Wonogiri Regency are as follows:
Wonogiri Regency has as many as 945,680 people in 2014. In 2015 the population in Wonogiri Regency has increased to 949,020 people, consist of 461,310 males and 487,710 females. With the ratio of sex of male and female of 0.95 and the population density of 521 per km 2. Source: BPS, Central Java in Figures 2016
The number of working age population in Wonogiri Regency in 2015 is 521. 058 people. meanwhile, the number of non-working age population is 232,796 people From the number of working age population, the number of employed working age population is 505.043 people and the number of the unemployed working age population is 16 015 people. Source: BPS, Central Java in Figures 2016
Wonogiri Regency has a total of 776 elementary schools and Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (MI) as many as 50 schools. As for the number of Junior High School (SMP) and Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs), Wonogiri Regency has 119 SMP and 23 MTs schools. The number of (Senior High School) SMA / Vocational School (SMK) in Wonogiri Regency is 64 private and public schools as well as the number of Madrasah Aliyah (MA) in this regency is as many as 5 schools.
Source: BPS, Central Java in Figures 2016.
- Adipura Buana Award Winner Year 2016
- Winner of Indonesian Postal Service – National Level of Appropriate Service-Technology- Competition (POSYANTEK) Year 2015
- Adipura Award Winner of 2013
- Adipura Award Winner 2012
Wonogiri Regency has a huge potential in agriculture which is promising to be developed. Wonogiri's farming area is 98,082 ha or 53.82% of the total land. The agricultural sector has been supported by irrigation facilities of 3,970 units with a length of 1,560 km, while the number of farmer groups such as Gabungan Kelompok Tani (Gapoktan) is as many as 291 groups. Here are the potential agricultural and plantation commodities to be developed:
Rice (Oryza sativa)
Rice produces staple food for the people of Indonesia in general. This particular plant with high carbohydrate content at this time is still hard to be replaced with other food ingredients. In Wonogiri Regency, paddy fields are mostly produced by farmers in Giriwoyo, Tirtomoyo, Baturetno, Eromoko, Selogiri, Ngadirojo, Sidoharjo, Purwantoro, Slogohimo, Jatisrono and Girimarto Sub-districts. With annual production rate reaching 2.9 million quintals. While the gogo rice plant is mostly produced from farmers in the Sub-district of Pracimantoro, Giriwoyo, Giritontro, and Paranggupito. The production rate reached 586 thousand quintals per year and once experienced a surplus of about 91 thousand tons in 2010.
Singkong/Cassava (Manihot utilissima)
SIngkong plant (Cassava) for most people of Wonogiri Regency is the main crop besides rice. No wonder if Wonogiri is also known as the City of Gaplek (Dried Cassava) considering the the huge volume of cassava production, which make this commodity has such a great potential. Cassava plants are produced by farmers in Pracimantoro, Paranggupito, Giritontro, Giriwoyo, Batuwarno, Karangtengah, Tirtomoyo, Nguntoronadi, Eromoko, Wuryantoro, Manyaran, Wonogiri, Sidoharjo, Jatiroto, Purwantoro, Girimarto and Ngadirojo Sub-district. With the production rate of Singkong/cassava reaches 12 million quintals/year, the prospect of future cassava plants looks to get brighter, since the Government of Wonogiri Regency gave priority to its development. Policies taken are to empower cassava farmers with the help of superior seeds and planting pattern assistance. It is expected that this step will increase cassava production from 16 tons/ha to 90-100 tons/ha. Based on the research, the content of cassava starch produced from Wonogiri Regency is quite high, reaching 35% with 14% of drought rate. Therefore, cassava plants are indeed worthy of being developed as one of Wonogiri's solutions to alleviate poverty.
Corn (Zea mays)
Corn is a commodity crop that has a bright chance to be developed in the future. In addition to being a source of carbohydrates, corn also has important nutrient substances as a substitute food after rice. Variations of processed products from corn crops are also quite diverse ranging from snacks, instant noodle foods, sugar, to food products for farms that make corn crops have their own economic value. The width of corn fields area in Wonogiri Regency in 2010 was recorded to have increased by 66,742 ha with the production reaching 3.8 million kwintal/year of dry milled corn. The largest corn producing area in Wonogiri Regency is Pracimantoro, Giritontro, Giriwoyo, Batuwarno, Karangtengah, Tirtomoyo, Baturetno, Eromoko, Wuryantoro, and Manyaran Subdistrict. So big the production of corn in Wonogiri regency that it opens a massive opportunity for the development of a cattle feed processing factory and processed food from corn factory.
Soybean (Glycenemax (I) Marril)
Soybean crop is a plant that has a bright prospect to be developed too. In addition to being a good source of vegetable protein, soy is a source of food side dishes that are very familiar to most people of Wonogiri is to manufacture tofu and tempeh. The area of soybean plantation in Wonogiri Regency in 2010 was recorded at more than 27,439 ha with a production rate of 342,750 quintals/year. Soybean crop is cultivated by farmers in Pracimantoro, Giriwoyo, Baturetno, Eromoko, Wuryantoro, and Manyaran Sub-districts.
Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea)
Peanuts become plant commodities that are widely developed as the intercropping plants along with other crops such as corn crops. The area of peanut plant in 2010 is 44,021 ha with the production rate can reach 12, 44 quintal/ha or 547,677 quintals/year. Peanuts are cultivated by farmers in the sub-districts of Pracimantoro, Paranggupito, Giriwoyo, Batuwarno, Karangtengah, Tirtomoyo, Wuryantoro, Manyaran, Wonogiri, Ngadirojo, and Sidoharjo.
Mete (Annarcadium Occiantalel)
Mete/cashews is one of the food icons of Wonogiri Regency. Even cashews accounted for 1.84% of the total agricultural production in Wonogiri District. Development areas are in the sub-districts of Jatisrono, Ngadirojo, Sidoharjo, Girimarto, Jatipurno, Jatiroto, and Slogohimo. The area of cashew plantations that is still productive in 2010 is approximately 12,903 ha with an average production rate of 563 kg / ha, while total production reaches 7,145 tons/year. In addition to seeds usage, cashew nuts can also be used as a material for the manufacture of automobile parts for brake canvass.
Clove (Eugene aromatika)
Clove is a famous spice plant since the colonial era. Various uses of clove plant are what makes this type of plant cultivated in various regions in Indonesia. Wonogiri Regency itself also contains clove commodities mainly from the Sub- district of Karangtengah, Slogohimo, Jatipurno, Tirtomoyo, Kismantoro, Purwantoro, Bulukerto and Girimarto. The area of clove plantation in 2010 is approximately 4,648 ha
with an average production rate of 285 kg/ha, it is currently implementing with various intensification patterns expected to increase clove plant production in the future.
Janggelan/Cincau (Mesona Palustris)
Janggelan or also called with black grass jelly is a plant that can be processed into the material used in making collang-kaling. This ingredient is an addition to making a useful drink such as an appetite enhancer, fever reliever, gastric reinforcer, loweing blood pressure, prevention of diarrhea, and also to neutralize food poisoning. Many Janggelan plants are cultivated in the Sub-district of Karangtengah, Tirtomoyo, Bulukerto, and Kismantoro. The total area of planting in 2010 reached approximately 1,348 ha with dry janggelan production level reaching 5,323 tons/year. That is results of marketing this plant to big cities such as Jakarta, Semarang, Bandung and for export purposes especially to china and hongkong. Other Plantation Potential In addition to the above plantation commodities, there are many other potentials that exist in Wonogiri regency. Only that the level of cultivation and production has not been done optimally. Other potential plantations include fruit plantations such as mango, rambutan and durian, as well as various empon-empon and chili as ingredients for herbal medicine (jamu). These potentials if developed properly would be one of the solution to improve the economy of the community, especially from the agricultural and plantation sectors.
Sembukan Beach Wonogiri Regency is the only regency/city in the Surakarta region that has a beach. Sembukan Beach is located in Paranggupito Sub-district approximately 40 Km south of Wonogiri or 2-hour drive. Sembukan Beach is famous as a crowded ritual beach visited by people to meditate and ngalab berkah. The kejawen believer held event of larung at certain times, usually in 1 suro, which is continued with a wayangan event. The beach is only 3.5 km from the Sub-district Office of Paranggupito. There is also a Mushalla or place of worship for muslim on the top of the mountain located not far from the Sembukan beach. Another tip for visitors is that If you plan to travel to the beach, might as well to bring a long a fishing rod because there are so many people who prefer to sit on the rock looking for fish while also enjoying the beautiful natural rocky sea scenery.
Setren Waterfall is a tourist attraction that is no less interesting compared with Tawangmangu Waterfall, located in Slogohimo Sub-district, approximately 30 Km east of Wonogiri City to Ponorogo (East Java). An unspoiled landscape with panoramic views of hills and waterfalls, this nature-tourism site is perfect for young people and nature lovers. Slogohimo Sub-district is one of the mainstay of original local revenue-generating (PAD) of Wonogiri. viewed from the geographical location, the Slogohimo sub-district can be seen as a fairly crowded intersection area, where going to the east, will go to the Purwantoro Sub- district which becomes the border area of East Java, while going to the south will penetrate the East Java region as well. The potential of nature tourism to become one of the source of
domestic foreign exchange, namely Girimanik waterfall, located in the Setren village. Some say that this site resembles a lot the area of Tawangmangu, Karanganyar, the difference is just that Setren area not so well known by the wider community. This waterfall has alwas been in its natural conditions, where the beauty and refreshness of the cool air is as the same as the on in Tawangmangu region.
Gajah Mungkur Reservoir
Gajah Mungkur Reservoir is located approximately 2.5 km south of the Wonogiri Regency. Lovely natural scenery, Cool air, refreshing water sport facilities, Floating Restaurants, Keramba fisheries, Hotel, Fish Barbeque Restaurant, all is a very appropriate destination to release tired, as a comfortable place to rest with the whole family. In every particular month in Gajah Mungkur, it is often held events of ritual and sports festivities, among others:
- Muharam month / 1 Suro: Jamasan Pusaka Mangkunegaran
- Month Shawwal: Syawalan Ketupat, entertainment stage and art performances of Reog culture, Kethek Ogleng Dance, Campursari and Dangdut Orchestra. LICENSE AND FINANCING The Investment Board of Licensing Service of Wonogiri Regency which is the Agency that manages the existing permits in Wonogiri Regency. The purpose of the Board of Licensing Investment Service of Wonogiri Regency is as follows:
- Realization of integration of investment services through information technology-based information system in the form of Wonogiri Investment Card.
- Increased the quantity and quality of investment promotion;
- Increased public participation through the Wonogiri Business Forum (WBF);
- Increased quality of licensing and non-licensing services;
- Increased quality and quantity of incentives and ease of investment.
- Realization of monitoring services, development and supervision of investment.
Investment Board of Licensing Services of Wonogiri Regency Address: Jl. Pemuda I. No.5, 57612, Indonesia Phone: (0273) 5328180 http://www.bpmpp.wonogirikab.go.id/
Essential Oil Industry
- Background There are several sub-districts in Wonogiri Regency as clove centers such as in Karangtengah, Jatipurno, Jatiroto, Bulukerto, Puhpelem and Girimarto. According to the data from the Central Bureau of Statistics from the agricultural census results in 2013 that the number of clove trees in Wonogiri amounted to 111,416 trees and the number of clove trees in Central Java Province reached 1,892,020 trees. Therefore, the clove tree in Wonogiri has reached 6% of all clove trees in Central Java.
- Project Scope
Construction of essential oil factory
- Financial Aspect
Estimated Value of Investment: Rp 7 Billion
- Contact Person
Head of Promotion and Cooperation
Board of Investment and Licensing Service of Wonogiri Regency
(BPMPP Kabupaten Wonogiri)
Jl. Pemuda I. No.5, 57612, Indonesia
Phone/Fax: +62273- 5328180
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
http://bpmd.jatengprov.go.id/peluang-investasi/industri- minyak-atsiri- kabupaten-wonogiri