Sukoharjo Regency is the second smallest regency in the Central Java Province with an area of 46.666 km2, or 1.43% of the total area of Central Java Province and geographically located between 110° 57O E - 110° 42O E, 7° 32O S – 7° 49O 32 S. Sukoharjo Regency has administrative boundaries as follows:
On the north: Surakarta and Karanganyar
On the south: Gunung Kidul Regency (DIY province) and Wonogiri Regency On the west: Karanganyar Regency
East: Boyolali Regency and Klaten Regency
Topographically consists of lowland areas and hills. The lowland area is the region in the North whilst the hilly area is in the South and Eastern part of Sukoharjo . In accordance with the geographical location, Sukoharjo Regency has tropical climate in which it is influenced by monsoon with 2 seasons, the dry season in April - September and the rainy season between October and March. Average annual rainfall of 2,790 mm, air temperature ranges from 230C to 340C, with an average annual air humidity of 77%.
Sukoharjo Regency in the hydrological system, is an area located in the river flow of Bengawan Solo, with several other rivers classified as large as the Bengawan Solo River such as Gajah Mungkur Reservoir Project River. As a Flow Area, by itself is the runoff area of water discharge from the passing river and often resulted in flooding in the rainy season.
The land use pattern in Sukoharjo consisted of Housing, Tegalan, Mixed Garden, Rice Field, Company, Service, Industry and Other Usage with the distribution of rice field equal to 45,26% and non-paddy field 54,74%. The paddy field consist of 70,17% of them using technical irrigation, 8.98% using semi technical irrigation, 9.17% using simple irrigation and 11.67% is rainfed rice field.
b. History of Sukoharjo Regency
During the Japanese occupation, the Surakarta Residency area was once a Special Region known as Solo Ko (Kasunanan) and Mangkunegaran Ko (Mangkunegaran). Mangkunegaran area covers the area of Karanganyar Regency, Wonogiri Regency, and parts of Solo city.
While Kasunanan area covers the area of Sragen, Klaten, Boyolali, and Kutha Surakarta.
Sukoharjo at that time was merely an edge area with the highest administrative leadership being "Wedono", similar with Bekonang, and Kartasura. Kawedanan Sukoharjo, Bekonang, and Kartasura then became one entering the Regency of Kutha Surakarta, under the government of Kasunanan.
On May 27, 1946, Karanganyar Regency declared itself to be independent from the Mangkunegaran government. This action was followed by Boyolali and Sragen regencies which also declared separation from Kasunanan government.
Kutha Surakarta Regency then decided to move to Sukoharjo, along with the emergence of anti-Swapraja movement and various support to form the government of Surakarta City, which finally led the determination of "Wong Solo" to declare the establishment of Surakarta city government which was separated from Kasunanan, on June 16, 1946. This date then became the birthday of the Local Government Surakarta Municipality.
The declaration was then followed by the issuance of the Government Decision Number 16 / SD dated July 15, 1946. In which, the contents, among others are: Surakarta Residency was formed as a new area with the city of Surakarta, headed by a Mayor. Also, the Government of Kasunanan and Mangkunegaran is formally deemed to be no longer existed, and its territories are temporarily residence of Surakarta Residency. This means that the Surakarta Residency area consists of the former Mangkunegaran region of Karanganyar and Wonogiri, as well as the former Kasunanan region of Klaten, Sragen, Boyolali and Sukoharjo (Kawedanan Sukoharjo, Bekonang, Kartasura), plus Surakarta Municipality.
This circumstances inspired the leaders of the time to form a new Regency outside the city of Surakarta in order that the three kawedanan (Sukoharjo, Bekonang, Kartasura) could be fostered under one Regency government. Then spontaneously KNI Surakarta Region appointed KRMT Soewarno Honggopati Tjitrohoepojo to become Regent.
On the basis of the above and the logical and chronological considerations associated with the juridical foundation, even though the juridical basis is not specially regulated, on Monday Pon July 15, 1946, when the enactment of Government Decision No. 16 / SD was stipulated to be the date of birth of Sukoharjo Regency. This decision is then confirmed by the Regional Regulation of Dati II Sukoharjo No. 17 of 1986 on the Birthday of Sukoharjo Regency, which was ratified by the Decree of the Governor of KDH Level I of Central Java on December 15, 1986 No. 188.3 / 480/1986 and enacted in the Regional Gazette of Dati II Regency Sukoharjo No. 3 Year 1987 Series D No.2 dated January 9, 1987.
The legal basis of Sukoharjo's Birthday is:
1. Government Determination Number: 16 / SD.
2. Act Number 13 Year 1950, concerning Formation of Regional Regions in the territory of Central Java Province.
3. Regional Regulation of Dati II Regency Sukoharjo No. 17 of 1986 on the Birthday of Sukoharjo Regency, which was ratified by Decree of the Governor of KDH Level I of Central Java on December 15, 1986 No. 188.3 / 480/1986 and enacted in the Regional Gazette of Dati II Regency Sukoharjo No. 3 Year 1987 Series D No.2 dated January 9, 1987.
in 2014 the population of Sukoharjo is 856.860 people and by 2015 the number of residents in Sukoharjo regency has increased to 864,210 people, consisting of 428,170 male and 436,040 female.
The number of people aged 15 years and over (workforce age) in 2014 in Sukoharjo regency there are as many as 458,046 people while in 2015, the same age group in Sukoharjo Regency are as many as 449,188 people. The minimum wage applied in Sukoharjo Regency in 2015 was Rp. 1.223.000, before the increase in 2016 to Rp. 1,396,000.
By 2015, the number of elementary schools in Sukoharjo regency is 459 and 77 Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. For the level of Junior High School there are 79 and 17 Madrasah Tsanawiyah.
For senior high school and vocational high school level there are 53, while for Madrasah Aliyah there are 6 schools.
The Achievement of Sukoharjo Regency
a. Adipura Kirana award winner
The Adipura Kirana Award is achieved by Sukoharjo Regency within the framework of the Environment Day in 2016 which was handed over directly by Vice President of Drs. H.
Muhammad Jusuf Kalla to the Regent of Sukoharjo H. Wardoyo Wijaya SH.MH at the Palace of the Sultanate of Siak Sri Indragiri, Riau, on Friday morning (22/7).
Sukoharjo Regency won Adipura award from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. The Adipura Kirana award is a tribute to cities that are able to promote economic growth through trade, tourism and environmental-based investment. Head of Environmental Agency (BLH) Sukoharjo Ir. Suraji, MT, admitted that he was grateful for Adipura appreciation from the central government, and there are eight regencies / cities in Central Java receiving Adipura Kirana namely Semarang, Solo, Magelang, Salatiga, Banyumas.
Kudus, Jepara, and Sukoharjo.
It is also said that there are several categories for the Adipura Award including Adipura Paripurna, Buana and Kirana. Without the support of performance enhancement and cooperation of various parties, the award will probably not be a sweet present for Sukoharjo's 70th Anniversary as well as one of the benchmarks of the award on waste management in landfills. "Said Head of BLH Ir. Suraji, MT when met by reporters. Regent Sukoharjo H. Wardoyo Wijaya SH.MH revealed that the Award is the result of hard work done by various parties.
Tourist Attraction in Sukoharjo Regency
a. Bandung Bondowoso and Gunung Sepikul
At Gentan Hamlet, Tiyaran Village, Bulu Sub-district, in Sukoharjo Regency, there is a rock hill better known by the name of Mount Sepikul which was said to be one of the stones that was brought by Bandung Bondowoso to build Roro Jonggrang temple but somehow falls in Sukoharjo and becomes the Sepikul Mountain.
b. Colo Dam
In Nguter Sukoharjo Regency there is a dam that is equally interesting compared with other places. This dam is actually built only to accommodate the river water but, in the end, this dam has also attracted many tourists to visit. The dam, which crosses the Bengawan Solo River, not only provides beautiful natural scenery, but also a place to fish around the dam area, and to take photographs of the rocky scenery as well.
c. Geopark Batu Seribu
Geopark Batu Seribu which is also known as Pacinan tourist attraction is located in Gentan Hamlet, Bulu Sub-district, in Sukoharjo Regency or 20 km south of Sukoharjo City. The entrance fee to this tourist area is very cheap, only Rp. 2000. From the door of the counter we have to walk about 1.5 kilometers with both uphill and steep road.
Licensing and Financing
a. Labor-intensive Industry in Sukoharjo Regency
The Open Unemployment Rate (TPT) in Sukoharjo Regency in August 2014 reached 4.60 percent decreased compared to the August 2013 TPT of 5.99 percent. It is expected that with the more labor-intensive industries, Sukoharjo Regency can further minimize the unemployment rate.
Processing Industry (especially textile industry) as the leading sector of Sukoharjo Regency.
This industry absorbs the most labor force or 131,248 people (30.10 percent) of workers in 2014.
Large Industrial Allotment Area of 198,7 Ha in Nguter Regency is still available.
Estimated value of investment: Rp 200 Billion - Rp 500 Billion Resources Availability
• Abundant supply of labor in Sukoharjo Regency (in 2014, Junior High School graduates were 149.146 people, Senior High School graduates were 197.118 people, while graduates from Academy / Diploma are 30.051 people, and S1 / S2 / S3 graduates were 49.061 people).
• Competitive minimum wage at Rp 1,396,000.
There is good road conditions for 336.84 km in total length. (State road 25.19 km. Provincial Road 53.41 km. Regency Road 605.12 km).
• The Sukoharjo Regency Government has facilitated the investors to build PLN Mainstay in the Nguter Industrial Zone which later can be utilized by other industries.
• Transport facilities and infrastructure have been improved by improving road quality.
Suryani, S.Sos (+62818 0454 1058) / Bagus Ganang N. (+62856 2560 143) Board of Investment and Licensing Service of Sukoharjo Regency (Sukoharjo Regency Licensing Service and Investment Agency)
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://bpmpp.sukoharjokab.go.id