Purworejo Regency is located between 109 o 47' 28"- 110 o 8' 20" E and 7 o 32' - 7 o 54' S.
It has an area of 1,034.81752 Km 2 with border area:
- West: Kebumen Regency
- North: Magelang and Wonosobo Regencies
- East: Kulonprogo Regency (DIY Province)
- South: Indonesia Ocean
Purwerejo Regency has a wet tropical climate with temperatures between 19 0 -28 0 C, while air humidity is 70-90% and the highest rainfall in December and March is 311mm and 289mm, respectively.
The fertile landscape of Southern Central Java between Rogo River and Cingcingguling River has always been an area known as a part of Galuh Kingdom territory since the ancient times. According to Professor Purbocaraka, the area is referred as the region of Pagaluhan, which, when translated into Javanese language, named as Pagalihan. The name "Pagalihan" then slowly changed in a long time to became Pagelen, and lastly, became Bagelen. In this region, flows a great river, which was then known as Watukuro river.
The name "Watukuro" is still exist until now as the name of a village located on the banks of the river near the estuary, now within the area of Purwodadi Sub-district. People living in the valley of Watukuro river lived prosperously, with an advanced agricultural livelihood and culture.
In the month of Asuji in year Saka 823, on the 5 th day, paro peteng, Vurukung, Monday Pahing (Wuku) Mrgasira, at the same time with Siva, or October 5, 901 AD, an important event occurred, which was the declaration of Tanah Perdikan (Shima) ownership. This event is confirmed by an inscription of andesite stone known as the inscription of Boro Tengah or Kayu Ara Hiwang inscription.
The inscription found under the Sono tree in Boro Tengah Hamlet, now part of Boro Wetan Village, Banyuurip Sub-district. The location of the findings is on the banks of theBogowonto river, opposite the Boro Gas Station. Since 1890, the inscription is stored at the Jakarta National Museum (inventory D 78).
Stated in the Boro Tengah or Kayu Ara Hiwang inscription that on October 5, 901 AD, there was a huge ceremony attended by various officials from various regions, and mentioned the name of a public figure, namely: The Queen Bajra, assumed by historian as Rakryan Mahamantri/Mapatih Hino Sri Daksottama Bahubajrapratipaksaya or Daksa who was identified as the brother-in- law of Watukura Dyah Balitung and later on awarded the throne
as the successor of the former King (his brother-in- law). The declaration of Perdikan land (Shima), at Kayu Ara Hiwang held by a prince, namely Dyah Sala (Mala), son of the Bajra which based in Parivutan. The land declaration marked the village of Kayu Ara Hiwang became the Land of Perdikan (Shima: a privileged land with no tax collection) and was exempt from the obligation to pay taxes, but was assigned to keep the sacred place, called as "parahiyangan" or the the place where the “Hyang” ‘God’ is located. In the event was carried out the purification of everything that is ugly/has uglyness that existed in Kayu Ara Hiwang (part of Watu Tihang area).
"... Tatkala Rake Wanua Poh Dyah Sala Wka sang Ratu Bajra anak wanua I Pariwutan sumusuk ikanang wanua I Kayu Ara Hiwang watak Watu Tihang ..."
The area used as the land of Perdikan includes everything that is owned by the village of Kayu Ara Hiwang, among others, are paddy fields, grass fields, officers (Katika), guha, arable land (Katagan), wet rice field dependent to rain (gaga). “Guha” which was mentioned in the inscription of Kayu Ara Hiwang is assumed as Goa or ‘the cave’ of Seplawan, since near the mouth of the cave of Seplawan there is a sacred building of Ganda Arum Temple, a temple
that smells sweet when its “yoni” lifted. While in the cave was also found a pair of gold statues and ceremonial devices. Therefore, the location of the cave complex of Sepawan is strongly suspected as the “parahyangan” in the inscription Kayu Ara Hiwang.
The ceremony of October 5, 901 AD in Boro Tengah was attended by at least 15 officials from various regions, including Watu Tihang (Sala Tihang), Gulak, Parangran Wadihadi, Padamuan (Prambanan), Mantyasih (Meteseh Magelang), Mdang, Pupur, Taji (Taji Prambanan) Pakambingan and Kalungan (kalongan, Loano). The officials received pasek in the form of the fabric of batik ganja haji patra sisi, gold and silver. The date of the respective ceremony, which is October 5, 901 M was finally determined by Purworejo Regency Parliament session on October 5, 1994 as Purwerejo Regency Establishment Day. The meeting considered normative, historical, political and local culture to establish the provision, which is among others, based on the views of Indonesia Sentris ‘balance’.
It is noted that since the ancient time, Purworejo Regency is better known as the area of Tanah Bagelen. The area is highly respected by other regions, because many figures that has been recorded by history. For example, in the development of Islamic religion in South Central Java, the figure of Sunan Geseng know as a great muballigh who introduced Islam to the people of the east of the river Lukola and his influence spread up to the Special Region of Yogyakarta and Magelang Regency.
In the formation of the Mataram empire of Islam, the Kenthol Bagelen is the mainstay troops of Sutawijaya, whom later after enthroned, titled Panembahan Senapati. It also has been recorded in history that Kenthol Bagelen was instrumental in various military operations so that the name Bagelen was highly respected.
After the Java War, the area of Kedu Selatan known as Tanah Bagelen became Bagelen Residency with the capital city in Purworejo, a new city that were a unification of two ancient cities which were Kedungkebo and Brengkelan. During the Bagelen period, there was muballigh or ‘scholar and teacher of Islam’ of Kyai Imam Pura who was influential until West Java and Special Region of Yogyakarta. Almost at the same time, there was also the figure of Kyai Sadrach, Christian evangelist, a pioneer of Javanese Christian Church (GKJ).
Due to the Dutch interference in the clash among royals of Mataram Kingdom, the region of Mataram were broken down into two kingdoms, which were Kasunanan Surakarta and the Sultanate of Yogyakarta. Because of the Treaty of Giyanti at February 13, 1755, Bagelen as the territory of Gung State was also divided, some went to Surakarta and some went to Yogyakarta. However, the border/limit was not clear, considered ambiguous by experts, mingled and mixed together likened to "rujak" (mixed fruits/vegetable).
During Diponegoro War in the nineteenth century, Bagelen's territory became a battleground against invaders since Pangeran Diponegoro secured widespread supports from the local community. In this war, Bagelen became residency under the authority of the Dutch East Indies, with the capital city of Purworejo. Bagelen Residency were divided into several duchies, among others, the duchy of Semawung (Kutoarjo) and Purworejo which was led by Regent Raden Adipati Cokronegoro I. In its development, the dutchy of Semawung (Kutoarjo) then merged into the territory of Purworejo Duchy.
Considering the long-term strategy, start from August 1, 1901, Bagelen Residency was incorporated into the Kedu Residency. Purworejo city which was originally the capital of the Residency Bagelen became the Capital of Regency. Furthermore, in 1936, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies changed the administration of the Government in Kedu Selatan, which was Karanganyar and Ambal Regencies merged into Kebumen Regency. Whereas, Kutoarjo Regency and some areas that previously part of the administration of Sewu/Ledok Regency were merged into Purworejo. In addition, Ledok Regency which was originally named Urut Sewu became Wonosobo Regency.
In its development, Purworejo Regency is known as a pioneer in the field of education and has since produced labor force in education, agriculture and military. National figures from Purworejo Regency, among others, are WR Supratman -the Composer of "Indonesia Raya" anthem, General Urip Sumoharjo, General A. Yani, Sarwo Edy Wibowo and more. The figures as well as the labor force in the field of agricultural, education, military, artists and other workers called as the Bagelen people by the Indonesian people. The Bagelen people known as the name of nationality, respected both domestically and abroad.
The population of Purworejo Regency in 2014 was 708,010 people and increased in 2015 to 710,390 people, with 350,390 of male and 360.000 of women.
The number of people aged 15 years and above (work force population) in 2014 were 368,602 people and increased in 2015 to 543,222 people. The minimum wage applied in 2015 was Rp 1,165,000,00 and increased in 2016 to Rp 1.300.000,00.
By 2015, the number of elementary schools and Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (Islamic school) in Purworejo Regency was 526 and 43 respectively; the number of junior high School and Madrasah Tsanawiyah as many as 94 and 15, respectively and the number of high schools including vocational high schools were 55, while Madrasah Aliyah were 7 schools.
- “Etawa” Goat
Etawa crossbreed goat (P.E) is a descent of Etawa breed originated from India that brought by Dutch colonial government. The goats were then crossed with local goats in Kaligesing. Currently, Etawa crossbreed goats are known as the genuine Etawa breed of Kaligesing, Purworejo.
Etawa goats continue to be bred Until now. It is in demand by many people, especially who live around Central Java, which caused this goat spreads rapidly to various areas in Purworejo Regency, even outside Purworejo, such as Kulon Progo, Kendal and Sidoarjo (East Java province).
The type of this goat breeds well in cold air. It has a typical characteristic in the appearance of its convex face, sagging long-eared, high posture (gumla) of 90-110 cm and long- slender horn. It also has large body with varied hair color such as white stripe, red brown, black spots or a combination of all three. They also have a thick and long fur on the back. The Etawa crossbreed goat's lover are generally fond of the beauty of their hair and face, therefore, it is very rare that this type of goat is made into a delicacy, when they function better as "klangenan” or hobby or pet. Even in ancient times, it was said that those who have Etawa goats (as pet) would be assumed by the community as someone influential in the society and has " a good taste".
Currently, the integrated development of Etawa goats is offered to investors by the Regency Government. It is expected that this offer gets a positive response considering the market has not been tapped optimally. The investors certainly will not lose in this goat business.
- Milk Processing
The cultivation potency of Etawa crossbreed goat in Purworejo Regency has not beenoptimal yet. The added value of this goat, in addition to its good-looking appearance and colour as a pet, is the meat. It tastes no different with other types of goat: succulent and tender. However, it is the milk of Etawa goat that believed to have particular advantages or efficacy for health compared with other types of goat milk. Reciprocally, Etawa goat's milk also has the most significant potency of profit. Therefore, milk production of this goat should also be optimized. Hence, the reason why the growth of Etawa goat farm population continues to be encouraged.
Etawa crossbreed goats can give birth three times in two years, with a variation of 1-3 kids per birth. However, the number of births and birth intensity is highly dependent on the age and the condition of the goat. The better the maintenance, the better the quantity and quality of the birth. Etawa goat's milk yields vary considerably between 1.5 - 2.7 litres/day/goat with a lactation period of 5-7 months, making it possible to cultivate them as
Currently being developed is Etawa goat milk as a daily consumption that is efficacious cure indigestion (gastritis). High protein content, Ca, fat, Vitamin A and Niacin are perfect for strengthening the immune system. It would also be a farmer's dream for the executives and thinkers of the nation, present or future, to like the taste of Etawa goat milk. A typical goat milk tastes with specific nutrient content that is equivalent to human breast milk, non- cholesterol, easy to digest and can be consumed by children. Now, that you have to understand the vast potency of the Etawa breed that is so unique and promising, it would be incomplete if it had not tried and proved it yourself in Purworejo. Monggo...
- Kareman Cow
The Kareman cow is a type of fattened beef cattle. So far, fattening is still done merely by some farming groups. However, since we all see the ever-increasing need for beef every year, inevitably, this beef cattle has a promising prospect.
For a while now, the fattening of Kareman Cattle business is managed by KTT (livestock farming group) Utami in Purwodadi Village which was expected to meet the needs of beef of both inside and outside of Purworejo Regency. However, upon seeing the size of the demand for beef today, how much it increases every year, and the existing capacity of livestock that the current Kareman cattle farmer group has, we can grasp the idea that it will not be sufficient by just one business unit with the current production capacity. Purworejo still need additional similar (scale and pattern), if not, even larger, professional business.
The problem in Purworejo Regency is that the interest for the development of this Kareman cattle is still very minimal. In this regard, it is clear that the presence of professional entrepreneurs is required for their entrepreneurial and managerial skill. Some options are available if the investors are interested in developing the Kareman cattle, among others: managing through a partnership pattern or by way of cultivation with the agribusiness scale intensified.
Local Government itself has determined that in time later business in this field become the mainstay product of Purworejo Regency. For investors who are interested, the door is always open in Purworejo Regency, now is the time.
- Gurami Fish
Besides land animal livestock farming, fish captive-breeding, and fish farming also exist in Purworejo. Gurami fish is one of them. Gurami fish is one of the types of fish that have high economic value and favoured by the people of Purworejo Regency. Some of the captive breeding business has been running up until now but still limited by the scale of the local population's (consumption). The gurami seed is developed by Sidodadi Farmer Group, from
Sendang Sari Village, in Bener sub-district, and Karya Abadi Farmer Group, from Kaliurip Village, also in Bener sub-district. So far, only these two groups have relatively productive gurami breeding seeds and have produced seeds to meet local and regional needs (outside the region). In addition to cultivating gurami for fish seeds, the two farmer groups also grow gurami for consumption.
Unfortunately, the price of this Gurami commodity is still not affordable for the people with lower income, due to the limited production capacity, which made the production growth stagnant while the demand is large enough to cause the price of gurami to be expensive. In this regard, Purworejo's local government and businesses can work together to find a solution that could encourage the growth of gurami aquaculture, to meet the demand at a more competitive price.
Tourism Purworejo District
- Natural tourism
Seplawan Cave or Goa Seplawan's location is in Donorejo Village, Kaligesing Sub-district with a distance of + 20 km to the East from Purworejo Sub-district, at an altitude of 700 m asl, which the air is very cool. This cave has special characteristics in the form of ornaments contained in the cave, including stalactite, stalagmites, flowstone, helekit, soda straw, Gower dam and the walls are ornated like a fish skeleton. The length of Goa Seplawan + 700 m with cave branches around 150-300 m and 15 m in diameter. This cave becomes special because it is mentioned in Kayu Arahiwang Inscription. The inscription clearly mentions that one of the places to be guarded because of its sanctity is Goa Seplawan.
When first discovered on August 28, 1979, a pair of god and goddess statue made of pure gold were found in one of the cave passages. The existence of the statue who is none other than God Shiva and Goddess Parwati (weighing 1.5 kg), indicating that Goa Seplawan was previously used as a place of worship.
The statue was then taken to Jakarta and stored at the National Museum of Jakarta. As a replacement, the government made a replica of the statue right in front of the cave's mouth. The aim is to remind visitors that this cave is essentially a holy place, sacred by the community in the past. In addition to its sacredness, this cave also has a very extraordinary beauty. Stalactites and stalagmites overlay in each cave hallway, creating a distinctive impression for the visitors of the cave. Not only that but also the melody of the dripping water from between the rocks that make up the cave, it calms the hearts of anyone who enters into it. No wonder that visitors feel at home and like to linger in the cave. In fact, sometimes there are people who deliberately enter and stay for a few days in the cave to perform a certain ritual. And this can be known from the aroma of hio-swa and special fragrance that burst from one of the room in the cave. Because apparently that is room often used to hold a ritual.
The ritual in the cave is actually a series of rituals that are usually done at the Temple
Gondoarum which is not far from Goa Seplawan. Gondoarum temple itself is currently barely shaped. All that left is the remains of the foundation at the base of the temple, which at first glance, looked like ordinary rocks scattered about. What differentiates it from other rocks is: there are several carved streaks on some sides of the stone, which when assembled, can be interconnected or linked together.
"This temple is allegedly older than the Borobudur Temple. And it was called Gondoarum because at the time its “Lingga yoni” statue lifted, a nice fragrant spread out. Therefore, no one dared to do bad things in this place up until now." The location of the Lingga yoni itself is right next to the temple, and which is now has been made a simple cupola to protect it.
The museum actually intends to secure the Lingga Yoni statue but it seems that the “caretaker of the statue” does not allow it to happen. So until now, the stone statue which is a symbol of the unification of life is still left in its the original place.
- Culture Tourism
Dolalak dance art is a folk dance that became a prima dona of traditional dance in Purworejo. The dance that has existed for around 85 years has spread to almost every village in Purworejo.
The history of the creation of Dolalak dance which is now the distinctive identity of Purworejo’s traditional dance were reputedly stems from a mimicry of the dance moves of Dutch soldiers by some shepherds. The naming of Dolalak is derived from the dominance of the do-la- la tone notation that Dutch soldiers sang for their dance dance.
When it was first created, Dolalak's dance was not accompanied by any musical instruments, but only using the singing performed by the dance’s escorts. Songs that are created are usually in romantic nuances although some are considered erotic. The singing is sung alternately or sometimes together as in a choir.
In its development, Dolalak start being accompaniment by musical instrument such as jidur, terban, kecer, and kendang. While for vocal or song accompaniment, Dolalak were using poems and rhymes containing guidance and advice. The contents of poetry and rhymes created are a mixture of Javanese and Simplified Indonesian.
The Dolalak dancer costume is wearing the clothes of a Dutch soldier, black sleeved outfitwith rank on his shoulders, wearing a pet hat, and sunglasses. The most unique and most interesting part of the Dolalak dance is when dancers enter the stage of the trance dance (possessed by spirits). The time when dancers experience a trance marked by his/her action to wearing black glasses. Afterwards, dancers will be able to dance for hours without stopping. In addition, the movement of the dance was changed to more fascinating and energic. When finished, the dancers' conciousness will recover immediately after the shaman "pulls away" the spirit from the dancer's body.
Dolalak dance, originally danced by male dancers. But in its development, in 1976 Dolalak was began to be danced by a female dancer as well. Now, almost every Dolalak group in Purworejo, have all their dancers are women. It is even rare now to see a Dolalak group with male dancers.
- The Biggest Bedug in the World
The biggest Bedug or a drum made from a cow’s or goat’s leather in the world, that is played as a sign of Muslim prayer time, is located inside the Mosque of Darul Muttaqien, in Purworejo square, this bedug is a materpiece of Muslims whose production was ordered by Adipati or the Duke Cokronagoro I, the first regent of Purworejo who is well-known to be very caring about the development of Islam in his region.
Initially, Cokronagoro I really wanted to have a Grand Mosque building in the middle of the city as a center of worship activities as well as to provide Islamic characteristics in Purworejo Regency which he led. Therefore, in the west of the town square Purworejo adjacent to the residence (pendopo) Regent, established the Great Mosque of Duchy now called Darul Muttaqien Mosque. The mosque was built on Sunday, the 2nd month of the Great Year of Alip 1762 Java, coinciding with April 16, 1834 AD, as stated on the inscription mounted above the main door of the mosque located in the Sindurjan Village / Administrative Village.
In building the mosque, Cokronagoro I seems to want to see it done whole-heartedly from the beginning. Therefore, he asked the experts builder to get the best-wood- there-is as the main ingredient of the mosque establishment. The Mosque then built in the style of Javanese architecture shaped “Tanjung Lawakan Lambang Teplok” that resembles the Great Mosque of Keraton Solo, the materials to make the main pillars of this mosque comes from red teak wood aged hundreds of year old, which has five branches more than 200 cm in diameter and the height reaching tens of meters. On an area of approximately 8,825 m2 this mosque finally stands majestically in the center of Purworejo as the centre of devout activity of Muslim dakwah and worship.
The grandeur of the mosque is of no use without the large number of pilgrims as the main requirement of prospering the mosque. For that purpose, the thought of the means of inviting the congregation to be heard as far as possible, is through the beat of the drum, as a sign of a coming prayer time before the call to prayer (remember, there was noloudspeaker).
Once again Cokronagoro I ordered the making of Bedug with a very large size with the intention that the sound of the sound drum be heard as far as possible as a call to prayer time and for Muslims to congregate in this mosque. Adipati Cokronagoro along with Raden Tumenggung Prawironagoro (Wedono Bragolan) who is also the younger brother of Cokronagoro I, were the executor to make the Big Bedug a realization. Just like the mosque-making material that uses a selection teak wood, this Grand Drum was agreed to be made from the base of five teak wood (in Java building science/Serat Kaweruh Kalang, called Pendowo teak tree). The area where teak trees come from is Pendowo Hamlet, Bragolan Village, Purwodadi Sub-district.
It is said that the teak trees used to make this bedug previously regarded as a sacred tree by the locals, that should not be cut-down. However, since Islam does not believe in any superstition nor believe that there were other forces similar or greater than Allah God Al Mighty, and by the order of the Regent, the previously feared to be supernatural teak trees that have been aged hundreds of years was cut downl. Kyai Irsyad, a scholar from Loano, whom also called Mbah Junus finally succeeded in cutting down, as well as break the sacred myth of the teak tree.
The size or specification of this bedug is:
Length: 292 cm
Front side circumference: 601 cm,
Rear side circumference 564 cm,
Front diameter 194 cm,
Rear diameter rear 180 cm.
The drummed part of this Bedug is made from the skin of a bull. Making a bedug that eventually recorded as the largest in the world, was not as easy as it was previously thought. Various obstacles have to be traversed, hence, the work taken a very long time to finish. The scholars and the people involved in making this masterpiece always pray to get ridlo or blessing from Allah SWT.
Finally, in 1837, the largest drum in the world was completed and placed in the Great Mosque of Purworejo Regency (now Darul Muttaqien Mosque) which is sounded before the call to prayer as a sign of prayer time. Until now the legacy of the work of Islamic history is well preserved and still be played according to its function as a sign of prayer time. Visitors never get tired revisiting Darul Muttaqien Mosque over-and- over again, watching from near the gigantic drum that has been recorded as a historical site that contributes to the development of Islam in the land of Java.
Licensing and Financing
Licensing information can be asked at the Office of Investment and Integrated Licensing of Purworejo Regency addressed at jl. Urip Sumoharjo No.6 Purworejo, Central Java, postal code 54111 indonesia. No telp / fax (0275) 325202.
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY PURWOREJO DISTRICT
THE DEVELOPMENT OF GANESHA COMMUNITY CENTER IN PURWOREJO REGENCY
The potential arrangement of Ganesha area in Purworejo Regency is expected to be the growth center in Purworejo Regency center. The need for a zoning of regional space is to form a public space as part of a community center, whether it be a closed building or open space. The intended market other than ones inside Purworejo are: ex Karesidenan Kedu (Magelang, Magelang, Wonosobo and Kebumen).
The planned zones are mini market and retail, café, open restaurant, workshop and exhibition hall, radio, music studio and courses, hotel & restaurant, student centre, refreshing centre, sport centre, office management, ganesha hotel, Ahmad Yani meeting hall, library, internet, bookstore and musholla.
Sebomenggalan Village, Purworejo Administrative Village, Purworejo Sub-district with an area of 17,695 m² owned by Purworejo Regency Government.
Estimated value of investment: Rp 25,875,139,000
NPV: Rp 17.231.894.601
Payback Period: 6 years
Cooperation with Purworejo Regency Government with BOT scheme (Build, Operate and Transfer)
Close to Kulonprogo Airport plan, Yogyakarta
Susiyati, SH., MM.
Head of Investment Section
Board of Investment and Integrated Service of Purworejo Regency
(KPMPT Purworejo District)
Jl. Jend. Urip Sumoharjo No. 6 Purworejo 54111
Tel / Fax: +62275 325205
http://bpmd.jatengprov.go.id/peluang-investasi/pembangunan- ganesha-communitycenter- di-