Purbalingga Regency has an area of 7,777.64 square kilometers. It is adjacent to Pemalang Regency in the north, Banjarnegara Regency in the east and in the south, while Banyumas Regency in the west. Purbalingga with a population of 848,952 (Population Census year 2010) is known as a pro-investment regency. This can be seen from the number of small to large industries that grow and develop in Purbalingga.
Dozens of foreign investment industries (PMA), mostly from South Korea, also establish in Purbalingga to develop hairpiece and false eyelashes industries. The presence of that kind of industries in Purbalingga impact on the emergence of hundreds of ‘plasma’ casual workers for the company, so it can increase the income of the community by working a side job.
In addition to the industrial sector, there are also many handicrafts business developed by the local community such as manufacturer of car exhaust, coconut sugar, and ‘glagah’ broom. However, it is the agricultural sector that has given the largest contribution to the Gross Regional Domestic Product of Purbalingga, as many as 31.98 percent, followed by trade/hotel/restaurant, which amounted to 18.51 percent, and the service sector by 17.98 percent.
Purbalingga Regency is also known as one of the centres of vegetables producer, especially chillies and strawberries, located on the southeast slopes of Mount Slamet. In addition, Purbalingga is also increasingly known for the various development of man-made tourist attraction in this region, such as Owabong and Sanggaluri Park.
Purbalingga Regency which is located at the intersection of the main road connecting Purwokerto (Banyumas Regency) with Banjarnegara as well as connecting Purwokerto with Pemalang, has a very strategic location to support the economy of the surrounding areas. Therefore, the Government of Purbalingga Regency together with the other neighbor districts (Banyumas, Kebumen, Banjarnegara and Wonosobo) are working together, trying to transform and develop Wirasaba Air Force base into a professional commercial airport.
Purbalingga Regency is located at 101° 11" - 10 ° 35" E and 7° 10" - 7° 29" S. The 77,764 Ha area of Purbalingga Regency is divided into 2 regions, based on the landscape, which are the northern and southern regions. The northern region is a hilly area, while the southern region is a highland of 40 – 3000 meters above sea level. This setting is a potency that should be used optimally to improve the welfare of the society.
The distance between Purbalingga to the Capital of Central Java Province (Semarang) is 191 Km or about 4 hours of car travel, also 200 Km or about 4 hours of car travel to Yogyakarta, and about 400 Km or 9 hours of car travel to Jakarta.
Purbalingga Regency is bordered with Pemalang Regency in the north, while in the east is adjacent to Banjarnegara Regency, in the west adjoin to Banyumas Regency, and the south bordered with Banjarnegara and Banyumas Regencies.
Purbalingga Regency has a diverse topography, comprise of lowlands, hills and rocky mountain. The division of the landscape is as follows:
- Northern part is a hilly highland area with more than 40 degree slopes, covering Karangreja, Bobotsari, Karanganyar, Rembang Sub-districts and some part of Kutasari, Bojongsari and Mrebet Sub-districts;
- Southern part is a relatively lowland area with slope factor values ranging from 0 to 25 degree, covering: Kalimanah, Padamara, Purbalingga, Kemangkon, Bukateja, Kejobong, Pengadegan Sub-districts, and some part of Kutasari, Bojongsari and Mrebet Sub-districts.
A name that certainly will not be left behind when discussing the history of Purbalingga is Kyai Arsantaka, a figure whom historically is the parent line of the Regents of Purbalingga. Kyai Arsantaka whom was named Kyai Arsakusuma in his youth, is the son of the Regent Onje II. When Arsakusuma reached adulthood, he left Kadipaten Onje to wander eastwards; he was then taken as a foster child by Kyai Wanakusuma, the descendant of Kyai Ageng Giring from Mataram, when Arsakusuma arrived at the Masaran Village (now called Bawang Sub-district, Banjarnegara Regency).
From the year 1740 to 1760, Kyai Arsantaka became the ‘Demang’ or the head officer of a village goverment of Kademangan Pagendolan (now belong to Masaran Village), an area under the rule of Karanglewas (now included in Kutasari Sub-district, Purbalingga) led by Tumenggung Dipayuda I. Many narrations describe the heroism of Kyai Arsantaka, such as during the war of Jenar, which is part of the Mangkubumen war, a war between Pangeran Mangkubumi with his older brother – the King Paku Buwono II – because of Pangeran Mangkubumi’s disappointment to his brother’s lack of firmness against the Dutch colonizers.
In this war, Kyai Arsantaka is in the ‘Kadepaten’ or duchy Banyumas’ troop who defends Paku Buwono. Due to the services of Kyai Arsantaka to the Kadipaten Banyumas in the Jenar war, ‘Adipati’ or the Duke of Banyumas, R. Tumenggung Yudanegara, asked Kyai Arsantaka's son, Kyai Arsayuda, to become his son-in-law. Over the time, Kyai Arsantaka's son, Kyai Arsayuda became Tumenggung Karangwelas and titled Raden Tumenggung Dipayuda III. During the reign of Kyai Arsayuda and on the advice of his father, Kyai Arsantaka, who acted as adviser, the centre of government was moved from Karanglewas to the Village of Purbalingga, then build a ‘pendopo’ (a large, covered-porch or veranda, in front of a Javanese residence), and alon-alon or the square of the regency.
The name Purbalingga can be found in the stories of ‘babad’, the chronicle of Java, such as Babad Onje, Babad Purbalingga, Babad Banyumas and Babad Jambukarang. In addition to the four chapters of the chronicle in reconstructing the history of Purbalingga, the records are also kept in the archives of the relics of the Dutch Government which are stored in the collection of National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia. Considering the above sources, then decided through the Regional Regulation (Perda) number 15 Year 1996 dated 19 November 1996, determined that the anniversary of Purbalingga Regency is 18 December 1830 or 3 Rajab 1246 Hijriah or 3 Rajab 1758.
In addition to the cultural richness and several kinds of traditional ceremonies that Purbalingga has, there are also various relics of ancient history. The archaeological objects are scattered in the region, among others:
- Lingga Stone
Lingga Stone is a relic of the ancestors in prehistoric age, located in the village of Candinata, Kutasari Sub-district, about 8 km from the center of Purbalingga.
- Genteng Cave (and Lingga Stone)
The location is in the same sub-district with the Lingga Stone. This cave is situated on the hillside that formed from the frozen lava. It is sometimes visited by people who want to meditate inside the cave.
- Giri Cendana
It is the tomb of the Regents of Purbalingga, which were titled Adipati Dipokusumo. These regents were the holder of the leadership of the government of Purbalingga Regency, whom are Dipokusumo II, III, IV, V and VI. the first adipati is Raden Tumenggung Dipayuda III, who began to rule Purbalingga Regency on December 18, 1830. The tomb is located in Kojongan Village, Bojongsari Sub-district, about 5 km from the center of Purbalingga.
Located in Dukuh Brubahan, Kajongan Village, Bojongsari Sub-district around 5 Km to the north from the center of Purbalingga. Gombangan is a place to bathe in the form of springs that is crowded by visitor at night, especially on Kliwon Friday night. According to local believe, the spring can provide ‘tuah‘, or a good fortune for the people taking bath in this place, such as to be long lastingly young or to get a husband/wife or to become success.
- Sendang/Petirtaan ‘temple’
Located in Semingkir Village, Kutasari Sub-district, around 7 Km from the center of Purbalingga. Sendang is also said to provide a tuah for those who believe it. The visitors usually come the place on certain nights.
- Tomb of Kyai Wilah
Kyai Wilah is a religious figure of Islam who is quite influential. His tomb is in the Karangsari Village, Kalimanah Sub-district, around 5 Km from the center of Purbalingga. This place is often visited by people who want to pray and hope for a blessing. The visitors usually come the tomb on certain nights.
- Lingga Stone, Yoni and Palus
It is a relic of the Hindu period, located in Kedungbenda Village, Kemangkon Sub-district, about 14 Km from center of Purbalingga.
- Tomb of Narasoma
Located in the Purbalingga Lor, Purbalingga Sub-district
- Ardi Lawet
This site is a pilgrimage attraction that attracts pilgrims who want a blessing from Sheikh Jambu Karang, a figure spreader of Islam in the Purbalingga Regency. In this place, there are nails and hair of Syekh Jambu Karang which sacred by the local community. The most visited days is Wednesday Pon, especially in Suro (Javanese month) since on late on Friday night kliwon or Thursday Wage, the locals held the ritual of “Buku Klambu”.
Located in Panusupan Village, Rembang Sub-district, about 30 Km from the center of Purbalingga. There are two ways to reach the place from Purbalingga, which are from Purbalingga, to Bobotsari, Karanganyar, Karangmoncol, Rajawana, Panusupan, and arrive at Ardi Lawet, or, from Purbalingga, to Kaligondang, Pengadegan, Rembang, Rajawana, Panusupan, and finally, Ardilawet.
The population of Purbalingga Regency in 2014 was 889,170 inhabitants and increase to 898,380 inhabitants in 2015, with 443,920 of male and 454,460 of female.
The working age-group population of Purbalingga Regency in 2014 was 463,847 people and increased to 451,955 people in 2015. The minimum wage applied in Purbalingga Regency in 2015 is Rp 1,101,600 and increased up to Rp 1,377,500 rupiah in 2016.
- Wahana Tata Nugraha (WTN) Award year 2015, for small town category
WTN Award is the central government recognition of the performance of urban transportation system
- TOP 99 of Public Service Innovation (Sinovik) year 2016
- TOP 35 Sinovik award achiever in year 2016
- Featured Product of Food Crops and Horticulture Sub-sector: citrus, cabbage and potato;
- Featured Product of Plantation Sub-sector: Gambir Jasmine, coconut, patchouli, Arjuna Glagah and Deres Coconut;
- Featured Product of Forestry Sub-sector: Albasia Wood commodity;
- Featured Product of Fishery Sub-sector: is Gurame Fish
- Featured Product of Livestock Sub-sector: beef cattle
- Featured Product of Industrial Sub-sector: hair craft, processed wood, ‘glagah’ broom and various handicrafts from glagah and ceramics;
- Featured Product of Tourism Sub-sector: Lawa Cave tourist attraction.
Owabong is a tourist attraction that has became an icon of Purbalingga. It offers popular water rides, such as an olympic size swimming pool, waterboom, spilled bucket, stream pool and more.
Curug Nini Purbalingga
Curug Nini is a waterfall located in the Mrebet Sub-district. This waterfall is part of the upper Pingen river, that separates Pagerandong Village and Cipaku Village. Vistors need to head in the forest on foot first since the location of the waterfall is deep in the forest.
Sanggaluri Reptile Park
In addition to nature tourism in Purbalingga, the Regency also has a Reptile park functioned both as a tourist attraction as well as an educational facility. It has many collections of reptiles both from domestic and abroad.
Agro Tourism of Purbalingga Valley
The beautiful agro tourism valley connects some tourist attractions such as Owabong, Lawa caves and others. It has a typical beautiful mountains panorama. Visitors will find the green landscape with a cool and refreshing athmosphere. In addition, the agro-tourism also suitable for outdoor activities such as outbound, strawberry gardens and vegetable gardens sight seeing or any other activities.
LICENSING AND FINANCING
- Licensing Procedure
- License Fee
- Shoe Factory
The shoe factory is planned to be in Galuh Village, Bojongsari Sub-district, Purbalingga Regency. The location has met the General Spatial Plan (RUTR) of Purbalingga Regency. The location of the factory will be at the (village) entrance which is to the east of the highway towards the Bojongsari Sub-district Office. The road connecting the location of the factory to surrounding villages is paved, therefore provide an easy access. Other infrastructure, such as electricity and clean water, is also available since the location of the shoe factory is crossed by power lines as well as water channel. Water is also available from the shallow groundwater, since the location is close to the rice fields.
- A definite market for school shoes that would reach about 391,300 pairs of shoes in the next 5 years to come. There is also a market for the needs of residents of 5 districts around Purbalingga.
- A market of civil servants and private sectors aged 21-60 years that is expected about 10,000 people in Purbalingga and others in 5 surrounding districts, that in total require about 67,000 pairs per year.
Factory area: 200 tiles (2800 m2)
Inflation: 8% per year
Deposit interest rates: 14% per annum
Initial investment: 7,300 million
Break Even Point (BEP) in unit: 12,862/year
Payback Period (PP): 3 years
Net Present Value (NPV): 11% (10 years) Rp. 13,420,750,000,00
Internal Rate of Return (IRR): 25.87%
Accounting Rate of Return (ARR): 44.61%
- Coconut Sugar’s Modern Manufacturing
Coconut sugar is a type sugar produced from the evaporation of coconut palms’ sap or Nira kelapa in Indonesian language. Usually sold in the form of half a bowl or half an ellipse. This form is obtained from the coconut shell mold used to form sugar. the coconut sugar produced by using a manufacturing system would have the form of cylinder, with a standard shape and size, thanks to its standard-size-made-of-aluminum mold.
A coconut sugar manufactures in Karangcegak Village, Kutasari Sub-district would require an investment of Rp 2,943,141,483, which include a working capital of Rp 400,041,483. The operating expenses is predicted to increase by 8% each year due to inflation.
- The local demand from the ex-Karisidenan Banyumas, with a population of 19,388,717 people, projected to be 21,549,277 Kg of sugar per year.
- In addition to household consumption, there are several sources of demand such as demand from soy sauce factory (2500 ton/month), other businesses (300 ton/month), supermarket (50 ton/month), export (300 ton/month) (source: apeguki, Banyumas).
Break Even Point (BEP) in unit: 4,280,141 Kg or around Rp 34,102,487,948,00.
Payback Period (PP): 2 years 4 months 17 days
Net Present Value (NPV): Rp. 5,346,400,354,00
Internal Rate of Return (IRR): 46%
Profitability Index (PI): 5.97
- Coconut Kopyor Farming
Kopyor coconut is a unique (abnormal) coconut produced from certain coconut trees that part of the produce are normal fruit and some other part are unique (kopyor). Kopyor coconut is characterized by the texture of its flesh that is soft, grainy and easily removed from the shell, so it is easily scraped by spoon.
A Kopyor coconut cultivation, with an area of 1 hectare in Bukateja Sub-district needs total investment of Rp 85,656,969, which consists of an initial investment of Rp 55,990,000 and a working capital of Rp 25,166,969. The monthly operational cost is also predicted to increase by 8% as a result of inflation.
- The opportunity of coconut kopyor development is still quite large, the existing Kopyor coconut farming areas have not yet able to meet the market demand
- Limited cultivation of coconut kopyor due to the difficulty of obtaining seeds and the embryo culture technology has not been widely known by the public
- The price of coconut kopyor at farm ranges from 5.000 to 15.000 rupiah each.
- Land area: 1 Hectare
- Inflation: 8% per year
- Deposit interest rates: 14% per annum
- Rented land
- Economic life of 15 years
o Break Even Point (BEP) in unit: 4.181 fruit or Rp. 61,998,557,00
o Payback Period (PP): 4 years 19 days
o Net Present Value (NPV): Rp. 1,050,763,608,00
o Internal Rate of Return: 48% and Profitability Index (PI): 2.91
- Cultivation of ‘Nilam’ or Patchouli
Patchouli with the best quality is found in Indonesia, however the patchouli plants that grows in Indonesia comes from the Philippines which then spread to Singapore, Indonesia, Madagascar and Brazil. Patchouli is a tropical plant that is a kind of bush, it has a height of 0.3 to 1.3 meters.
A cultivation of patchouli with an area of 1 hectare in Tlahap Lor Village, Karangreja Sub-district would require a total investment of Rp 42,628,500, which consists of an initial investment of Rp 29,300,000 and a working capital of Rp 8,828,500. The monthly operational cost would increase by 8% as a result of inflation.
Patchouli oil export volume reaches 700-1,500 tons, with the value of 14-30 million US dollars. The world market today requires an average of 1,500 tons of Patchouli oil a year, with an increasing trend, while the current production has not been able to fulfill it.
- Factory area: 14 tiles
- Inflation: 8% per year
- Interest rates in deposits: 14% per annum
- Purchased land
- Economic life of 10 years
o Break Even Point (BEP) in units: 691,932 K or Rp. 5,513,041,217,00
o Payback Period (PP): 2 years 2 months 20 days
o Net Present Value (NPV): Rp. 6,914,480,265,00
o Internal Rate Return (IRR): 47% and Profitability Index (PI): 11.50
- Manufacture of Animal Feed
Animal feed factory is planned to be established in Meri Village or Munjul Village, Kutasari Sub-district, Purbalingga Regency. The location has met the General Spatial Plan (RUTR) of Purbalingga District. The location is also easy to rech since it is not far from the highway to Kutasari Sub-district office. The accessibility for the villages around the location to the feed mill is also easy because it is through asphalt road. Other infrastructure, such as electricity and water are also available since the location of the feed mill is crossed by power lines as well as water channel. The water is also available or from the shallow groundwater, since it is close to the rice fields.
To reach the location is very easy because it is
The need for animal feed in Purbalingga Regency is quite high, that is 453,468 Kg/day and going to continue to rise. In addition, there will be another development of cattle farming also in Kutasari Sub-District. This new development of cattle farm will further increase the demand of animal feeds of an already great demand from the three nearest regencies (Banyumas, Banjarnegara, Cilacap) especially because this region is where there the Balai Besar Ternak Unggul (BBPTU) Sapi Perah Baturaden is. The establishment of animal feed factory in Purbalingga Regency would meet such huge demand/need.
- Initial Investment of Rp. 2,926,500,000.00
- Inflation: 8% per year
- Deposit interest rates: 14% per annum
- Purchased Land
- Economic life of 10 years
o Break Even Point (BEP) in unit: 2,052 Kg/day or Rp. 5,513,041,217,00
o Payback Period (PP): 3 years 6 months
o Net Present Value (NPV): 11% (Rp. 1,969,859,025,00)
o Internal Rate of Return (IRR): 15.02% and Accounting Rate of Return (ARR): 46.68%