Magelang regency as a regency in Central Java Province is located in several regencies and cities. To the north: Temanggung and Semarang regencies, to the east: Semarang regency and Boyolali regency, to the south: Purworejo and DIY regencies, to the west: Temanggung Regency and Wonosobo Regency, to the middle: Magelang City. It lies between 110 001 '51 "and 110 026 '13" East Longitude and between 7019 '13 "and 7 042 '16" South Latitude. The total area of Magelang regency is about 108,573 ha or 3.34 percent of the total province of Central Java. Administratively, Magelang Regency is divided into 21 districts and consists of 372 villages / urban villages.
Magelang Regency in general morphology is a high plateau in the form of basin surrounded by mountains (Merapi, Merbabu, Andong, Telomoyo, and Sumbing) and Menoreh Mountains. There are two large rivers flow in the middle; they are the Progo River and the Elo River, with several branches of water-edged tributaries on the slopes of the mountains.
The flat topography is 8,599 ha, corrugated is 44,784 ha, steep is 41,037 ha and very steep is 14.155 Ha. The altitude of the area is between 153-3.065 m above sea level. The average altitude is 360 m above sea level.
THE GOVERNMENT HISTORY
Since Magelang established as Duchy in 1813 by the Government of England, it has been led by 20 people up to now. The Regents are as follows:
- R. A Danoeningrat I (1813 - 1826)
- R. A. A. Danoeningrat II (1826 - 1862)
- R. T. Danoeningrat III (1862 - 1878)
- R. A. Danoekoesoemo (1878 - 1908)
- R. A. A. Danoe Soegondo (1908 - 1935)
- Sosrodiprojo (1935 - 1945)
- Said Prawirosastro (1945 - 1946)
- R. Joedodibroto (1946 - 1954)
- M. Ng. Arwoko (1954 - 1957)
- a. Muchamad (Regent) (1957 - 1958)
b. Soegengsomodilogo (Head of Region)
- a. Soetedjo (Regent) (1958 - 1960)
b. Soegengsomodilogo (Head of Region)
- Drs. Adnan Widodo (1960 - 1967)
- Drs. H. Achmad (1967 - 1979)
- Drh. Soepardi (1979 - 1983)
- Drs. Al. Soelistiya (PJ 1983 - 1984)
- M. Solikin (1984 - 1994)
- Cardiology (1994 - 1999)
- Drs. H. Hasyim Afandi (1999 - 2004)
- Ir. H. Singgih Sanyoto (2004 - 2014)
- Zaenal Arifin, S.I.P. (January 2014 - Now).
THE MOVETAKING HISTORY OF CAPITAL DISTRICT AND REGENCY
- Before the Independence Day, the Magelang regency government was in the capital of Magelang regency, Magelang.
- Law No.22/1948 asserted that the capital city of Magelang Regency is the city of Magelang.
- During the Revolution of Independence, the position of the District Government moved from one camp to another.
Magelang Regent Office moved from Magelang to Clebung Hamlet, Soronalan Village, Sawangan Sub-district, then move to Manggoran Hamlet, Mertoyudan Subdistric, and then moved in the Sub district of Mungkid, in Bojong Village. At the end of the Revolution, the Regent's Office moved in Muntilan sub-district in Jumbleng Village. After the situation was safe, it returned to Magelang City.
- In accordance with Law No. 13/1950, the City of Magelang is granted the right to regulate its own government. Thus in the city of Magelang, there were four (4) Government Offices that have different functions, namely: Magelang City Government, Magelang District Government, second Residency Office, and Military Academy. Because of these facts then the problem of the density of Magelang city is inevitable. On the other hand, as time went by, the demands on government services and development were increasing. So, the idea to move the district capital to other area came up. The idea in finding with the direction of the Governor of Central Java on February 7/1979, No: OP.140 / 1979 regarding the relocation of the capital of Kab. Dati II Magelang. As mentioned above, since July 1979, at that time the Regent of Magelang, Drh. Soepardi, was holding a partnership with Diponegoro University of Semarang to conduct a survey on the relocation of the capital of the regency. They had some alternative areas, those were: the sub-district of Mungkid, Muntilan, Mertoyudan and Secang. The survey results were corroborated by a re-survey conducted by the Director General of Public Administration and Regional Autonomy of the Ministry of Home Affairs based on Letter No: 135/3492 / PUOD, concerning on Approval of Location of the Capital of Magelang District.
Furthermore, the relocation of the district capital to Mungkid was determined based on Government Regulation No. 21/982 concerning on the Relocation of the Capital of Magelang Regency from Magelang Municipality to Mungkid Sub district in Regency of Magelang District on August 4, 1982, stating that the Government of Magelang Regency is located in Mungkid. A new city founded in Mungkid sub district, and Mertoyudan consisting of Mendut, Sawitan and Deyangan villages.
Since the issuance of Government Regulation No. 21/1982, both physical and administrative preparations were done. Physical preparation was carried out by building some constructions on 8.08 ha of land, which included Pendopo, Secretariat Office, Parliament Building, Warehouse, Garage, Office of Autonomous Service and Non Autonomous Service.
The Office Complex of Magelang District Government was inaugurated by PJ (Person in Charge) Magelang Regent Drs. AL Soelistiya and Chairman of DPRD (Assembly at Provincial/ Regional) Faishal Soenarto on February 23, 1984. Drinking water facilities, Junior High and High School building, Drh. Soepardi Field, widening of Karet-Sawitan road and An Noor Mosque were also built at the same time.
Mungkid City was inaugurated as the capital of Magelang Regency on 22 March 1984 by Central Java Governor M Ismail, p.p. (on Behalf of) Minister of Home Affairs on the inauguration inscription of Mungkid City. It is located in the Government of Magelang Regency yard and March 22 is commemorated as the anniversary of Kota Mungkid.
The population of Magelang Regency in 2014 was 1,233,700 inhabitants and then increased to 1,245,500 in 2015 with 624,970 of male population and 620,520 of female population.
In 2014, the number of population aged 15 years and above (age of work force) in Magelang Regency was 668,142 people and by 2015 the number has decreased to 657,666 people. For the Minimum Wage applied in Magelang Regency in 2015 was Rp. 1.255.000,00 and then increased to Rp. 1.410.000,00 in 2016.
In 2015, there were 605 Elementary Schools and 310 Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (Islamic Primary School). There are 141 Junior High Schools and 71 Madrasah Tsanawiyah (Islamic Junior High School). There were 80 schools consisting of High School and Vocational School, while for Madrasah Aliyah (Islamic High School), there were 18 schools.
1. Agriculture and Plantation Sectors
a) Agricultural Sector
Magelang Regency fits with its agro climate is able to produce agricultural commodities in quality and quantity according to market demand. Some of the superior agricultural commodities are rice, palawija, vegetables, medicinal plants and ornamental plants. These commodities are presented in the following table:
b) Plantation Sector
In addition to excellent agricultural commodities, Magelang Regency also has excellent potential in the plantation sector. Superior commodities of plantations are presented in the following table:
c) Forestry Sector
The forestry sector in Magelang Regency is one of the economic potentials and also reduces the impact of natural hazards that often occur in Magelang Regency such as erosion disaster. The superior commodities of forestry are timber such as sengon, mahoni and suren.
Potential Production of Forest Commodities in 2013
No. Potential Commodities of Production Location
1 Sengon 0.11 - 0.16 Kajoran, Kaliangkrik,
2 Mahogany 0.05 - 0.16 Windusari,
3 Suren 0.05 - 0.16 Grabag, Candimulyo
2. Livestock and Fisheries
A. Livestock Potential
Livestock is an activity to breed and cultivate livestock to obtain benefits and the results of these activities either in the form of products or services. The purpose of farming is to seek profit by applying the principles of management to the factors of production that have been optimally combined.
Livestock activities can be divided into two groups, namely large animal farms such as beef cattle, dairy cows, buffaloes and horses, while the second group of small animal farms such as goats, sheep, chickens, rabbits, ducks etc. Most of Magelang Regency has potential to develop livestock both big and small. This is supported by tropical climatic conditions with two seasons the rainy season and the dry season, with air temperature 20˚ C - 27˚ C, and high rainfall. Water availability is supported by Progo River Basin (DAS) and Bogowonto River Basin so Magelang Regency is rich in springs and rivers.
There are 10 large / medium rivers with a maximum discharge of 2,314 m3 / sec during the rainy season and a minimum of 110.3 / sec during the dry season, and 55 springs with a total of 9,509 liters / sec. Either Kereman cattle/ butcher stock or parent stock and magelang ducks with typical features such as white necklaces are superior commodities from Magelang regency. The superiority of livestock is supported by two large animal markets; Legi Grabag market, and Pahing-Kliwon Muntilan market. The capacity of each market ranges from 500 to 1,000 large livestock (e.g.: beef cattle, dairy cow and buffalo) and it also accommodates small livestock (e.g. goats, sheep). Post harvest support consists of 2 slaughterhouses (RPH), namely RPH Grabag and RPH Muntilan.
Livestock sold at PSH Grabag and PSH Muntilan came from a breeding farm of Sawangan Sub district, Candimulyo Sub district, Tegalrejo Sub district and Grabag Sub district, while the butcher livestock comes from Dukun Sub district, Ngablak and Pakis, dairy cattle from the sub district of Ngablak, small cattle like goat / sheep, most of them come from the Sub district of Mertoyudan, Bandongan, Tempuran, Borobudur, Kajoran and Salam as well as from the Sub district of Temanggung, Salatiga, and from the Province of Yogyakarta.
Magelang duck or previously known as necklace duck is a well known type of duck from Central Java. This duck has several advantages over other ducks and the ducks have spread across 21 districts in Magelang Regency. Another advantage, they have large body shape with a heavier body weight, so the rejected ducks more salable as high production of egg and meat-type duck. Specifically Magelang ducks are characterized by a white circle as if wearing a necklace and the egg production is high.
In addition to the two types of livestock that is superior in Magelang Regency, Goats / sheep livestock, and other poultry such as chicken, chicken, rabbit is also developed by the community in the Regency of Magelang.
B. Fisheries Potential
Geographically, Magelang regency is located in the middle of Central Java causing potential fisheries to exist only freshwater fisheries because Magelang regency does not have coastal area which borders with sea. The hilly topographic conditions provide distinct advantages for fishing and aquaculture fisheries in public waters.
Such conditions make the source of fresh water abundant and almost there in every district in Magelang regency. Magelang Regency consists of 21 sub districts. All sub districts have the potential for the development of the fishery sector. Potential field of fishery business in Magelang regency covering 3,073 ha which consists of pond cultivation area of 264.7 ha and rice field (minapadi) covering an area of 2808.3 ha.
While the general waters covering 479 ha. Up to the present, Magelang Regency is known as one of the biggest freshwater fish seed producers in Central Java, supported by the existence of Community Seedling Unit (UPR) and Fish Seed Center (BBI) owned by Local Government. In 2013, it was able to produce 1,014,517,500 fish seeds consisting of goldfish, Nile Tilapia, Java Carp, Catfish, Gourami, Pomfret Fish, Iridescent Shark and other fish species.
C. Award received by Magelang Regency
In 2015, Magelang Regency received an award from the President of the Republic of Indonesia as District Eligible Children with the title of Nindya Award along with 5 other districts / cities in Central Java such as Rembang Regency, Magelang, Klaten Regency, Pekalongan and Brebes, at the peak of the National Children's Day 2015.
Tourist Attractions of Magelang Regency
a. Borobudur temple
Borobudur is a Buddhist temple located in Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. Location of the temple is approximately 100 km to the southwest of Semarang, 86 km west of Surakarta, and 40 km to the northwest of Yogyakarta. This stupa-shaped temple was founded by Mahayana Buddhist adherents around the year 800 AD during the reign of Shyilendra. Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in the world, and one of the largest Buddhist monuments in the world.
This monument consists of six square-shaped terraces on which there are three circular courts, the walls are decorated with 2,672 panel reliefs and originally there are 504 Buddha statues. Borobudur has the most complete collection of Buddhist reliefs in the world. The largest main stupa in the middle which crowns this building, surrounded by three circular rows of 72 perforated stupas in which there is a Buddha statue sitting cross-legged in a perfect lotus position with mudra (hand attitude)
Dharmachakra mudra (rotating wheel dharma).
This monument is a model of the universe and built as a sacred place to glorify Buddha as well as serve as a place of pilgrimage to guide mankind from worldly passions to enlightenment and wisdom according to Buddhism. Pilgrims go into this place through the eastern side to begin the ritual at the base of the temple by walking around this sacred building as the clockwise, while continuing up the next steps through three levels of realm in Buddhist cosmology. These three levels are Kāmadhātu (the realm of lust), Rupadhatu (tangible realm), and Arupadhatu (intangible realm).
In this journey pilgrims walk through a series of alleys and staircases by witnessing no less than 1,460 beautiful relief panels engraved on the walls and balustrades.
According to historical evidence, Borobudur was abandoned in the 14th century as the influence of Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms in Java and the influence of Islam as well. The world began to realize the existence of this building since found in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, then serving as General Governor of England over Java. Since then, Borobudur has undergone a series of rescue and restoration efforts. The largest restoration project was held in the period 1975 to 1982 for the efforts of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and UNESCO, then this historic site included in the list of World Heritage Sites.
Borobudur is still used as a place of religious pilgrimage, every year Buddhists who come from all over Indonesia and abroad gather in Borobudur to commemorate the Vesak Trisuci. In the world of tourism, Borobudur is the single most visited tourist attraction in Indonesia.
b. Mendut Temple
Mendut Temple for Buddhists has its own meaning. The existence of three large Buddha statues in this temple has a very high beauty both in physical form and even as a work of art. The three Buddhist statues located in the cubicle of this temple are considered still emit a ray of sanctity. So, among Buddhists this temple is an efficacious place for praying. Not only for the Buddhists in the local country, but also from abroad.
Mendut temple building stands on the 'basement' (base of the temple) as high as 3.70 meters so it makes it look elegant, sturdy and authoritative. The basic size of the temple is 13.70 meters x 13.70 meters. There are 14 steps of the temple, facing northwest. This direction is unusual for temples in Central Java because in general the temples in Central Java are facing east. Above the basement, there is a corridor that surrounds the body of the temple as wide as 2.48 meters. The roof of the temple consists of three levels with 48 pieces of small stupa ornaments. From the picture of reconstruction, there was a pinnacle on the top of this temple. Unfortunately, the top of the beautiful temple has not been successfully reconstructed up to the present. The stone building and the temple ornaments that
cannot be rearranged are now neatly arranged in the courtyard of the northern temple. Now, the height of this temple is 26.50 meters.
The temple is located in Mendut Regency of Mungkid City. It is about 3 kilometers to the east of Borobudur temple. It is not known for sure when this temple was built. Drs. Soediman in English guidebook, 'Chandi Mendut. Its relationship with Pawon and Borobudur' stated in the desertation of the Dutch archaeologist J.G. De Casparis connecting this temple with the King of the Syailendra, Indra. In the Karangtengah inscription dated 824 AD during the reign of King Samaratungga mentions that King Indra, father of King Samaratungga, has established a sacred building called 'Venuvana', which means bamboo forest. And according to Bhiku Sri Pannyavaro Mahathera in the narration in the documentary film "The forgotten gem, Buddhist temples in Java" mentions, the original name of this temple is 'Venuvana Mandira', which means the palace in the middle of the bamboo forest.
When rediscovered in 1834, this temple was covered with soil and shrubs. Like Borobudur Temple, this temple is also assumed to be a mahapralaya (English: destruction of the world) victim, terrible eruption of Mount Merapi in 1006 M. So, it was ravagedly damaged stricken down by the volcanic material of Mount Merapi. For centuries, this temple was 'drowned', lost by the times, along with the royal center relocation from Central Java to East Java.
c. Pawon Temple
Pawon temple is located between Mendut and Borobudur temple, just 1750 meters from Borobudur Temple to the east and 1150 m from Mendut Temple to the west. The name of Pawon Temple is not known for its certain origin. An Epigraphic expert, JG. De Casparis, interprets that Pawon is derived from the Javanese "awu" which means "ash", gets the prefix of the pa- and the suffix -an which indicates a place. In everyday Java, the word pawon means "kitchen", but de Casparis defines it as a 'furnace' or a place of ash. Locals also call the Pawon Temple as ‘Bajranalan’. This word may be derived from the Sanskrit word ‘vajra’ which means 'lightning' and anala which means 'fire'. Pawon Temple was restored in 1903.
Inside the cubicle of this temple is no longer found statues so it is difficult to identify it much further An interesting thing from Pawon Temple is the ornament varieties. The outer walls of the temple are decorated with reliefs of biological trees (kalpataru) flanked by sacs and kinara-kinari (half-human and bird creatures/ human-headed birds).
LICENSING AND FINANCING
For Licensing issues of Magelang Regency, it can be managed at the Office of Investment and Integrated Services Office of Magelang Regency addressed on Jl. Soekarno-Hatta, Tel. (0293) -788249 Email = firstname.lastname@example.org.
Marble Stone Mining in Magelang Regency
Currently, the demand of building materials is very high. This is because the housing needs of the community are increasing from year to year and the incessant development of infrastructure projects implemented by the Government and the private sector. So are the needs of marble stones that have many derivative products such as floor products of houses / buildings, walls of houses, decoration, furniture and so forth. Marble is more preferable because of its strong, durable and unique characteristics. Companies that produce marble products require continuous and long-term supply of raw materials.
B. Project Scope
Mining of marble stone
Excavation material of red marble stone located in hill / mountain incised in Ngargoreto Village, Salaman Subdistric, Magelang Regency with approximately 340.000 m3 deposits, currently newly processed about 18 Ha by PT Margola. Communities around the site strongly support the mining activities because the available land is less potential for agricultural activities so that a lot of manpower can take part in it.
D. Financial Aspect
Estimated investment value: Rp. 10 billion
E. Investment Scheme
100% Private Investment
F. Contact Person
Drs. Arif Sunaryo
Head of Investment Division
Board of Investment and Integrated Licensing Service (BPMPPT Magelang District)
Address : Jl. Soekarno Hatta No. 20 Kota Mungkid
Tel / Fax : +62293 788249 / +62293 789549
Mobile : +6281328724455
Email : email@example.com/Www.magelangkab.go.id
Source : Http://magelangkab.go.id