Kudus is the smallest regency in Central Java province with an area of 42,516 Ha which is divided into 9 Sub-districts. Kudus is both an industrial and commercial area, where the sector is able to absorb a lot of manpower and contribute greatly to the GRDP. The spirit and entrepreneurial spirit of the community is recognized as tenacious, the slogan jigang (ngaji dagang) owned by the community reveals the character which besides running the economic business also prioritizes in seeking knowledge. Judging from the investment opportunities in the field of tourism, there are some potential in Kudus that can be developed, either natural tourism, cultural tourism and religious tourism. Agro-business also contributes to the image of farming of Kudus. Pamelo Orange and Sumber Duku are the local fruits that will not loose from other regions. In terms of art and culture, Kudus also has a distinctive feature that distinguishes Kudus from other regencies/cities. Among them is the art of architecture of Kudus traditional houses, the uniqueness of embroidery products and the gebyog Kudus. Source:http://www.kuduskab.go.id/profile.php
HISTORY OF KUDUS REGENCY
The history of the Kudus Regency cannot be separated from Sunan Kudus. Sunan Kudus real name is Ja'far Shoddiq and he is the son of Raden Usman Haji who holds the title Sunan Ngudung in Jipang Panolan (some say it lies north of the city of blora).
Short Biography of Sunan Kudus
He was a scholar of Islam who once settled in Baitul Maqdis (Jerusalem, Palestine) to study Islam. At that time there was an outbreak of disease in Palestine, so many people died. Alhamdulillah, thanks to the efforts of Ja'far Shoddiq, the epidemic can be eradicated. For his services, the Amir in Palestine gave the prize in the form of a Regional Diploma, namely the granting of authority to control a region in Palestine. The authorization is written on a stone written in ancient Arabic letters, and is now still intact above the Mihrab Masjid Menara Kudus. Sunan Kudus appealed to Amir Palestinian as well as his teacher to transfer the authority of the territory to the island of Java. The application was then approved and Ja'far Shoddiq returns to Java.
After returning home, Ja'far Shoddiq established a mosque in Kudus area in 1956 H or 1548 AD. Originally named Al Manar or Al Aqsa Mosque, imitating the name of a mosque in Jerusalem called Al Aqsho Mosque. The city of Jerusalem is also called Baitul Maqdis or Al-Quds. From the word Al-Quds is then born the word Kudus, which is then used for the name of the Kudus Regency now. Some historian thought that the region was previously might be named Loaram, and this name is still used as the name of Loram Village until now.
Sunan Kudus also built the Kudus Tower as a combination of Islamic and Hindu culture which is why Sunan Kudus mosque is also known by the name of Mesjid Menara Kudus di Kauman Kulon or the Tower Mosque in West Kauman since Sunan Kudus resides in the area and the number of Muslims was increasing so much that the area around the mosque is named Kauman, which means the residence of the Muslims.
In the Tower Mosque, interestingly, Sunan Kudus uses cattle as a means of attracting the people to come to listen to his da'wa. He used one of the Surah in AlQuran that is Surah AlBaqarah (which means female cow) to relate with the Hindu belief on the sacredness of cows, which is also related to Sunan Kudus’ request to the Muslim community in Kudus not to cut the cattle sacrifice animals in the celebration of Eid al-Adha to honor the Hindu community by replacing the cattle sacrifice with cutting the buffalo sacrifice instead. this message to cut the water buffalo is still widely obeyed by the people of Kudus to this day.
During his life Sunan Kudus taught Islam around the Kudus area in particular and in Central Java on the north coast in general. he is counted one of the scholars, professors of Islam religion who have taught and broadcast the religion of Islam in Kudus and surrounding areas.
Famous for his expertise in the science of religion. especially in the Science of Tawheed, Usul, Hadith, Mantiq Literature and more especially in Fiqh Science Therefore, he was named as Waliyyul 'Ilmi. according to his history also includes one of the poets who took the initiative to make short stories containing philosophy and religious spirit. Among his famous fruits are Gending Maskumambang and Mijil. Sunan Kudus was also given the task of leading the Haj pilgrims, so he got the title of "Amir Haji" which means the person who controls the affairs of the Haj pilgrims.
On the other hand, besides his role as an Islamic religious teacher, Sunan Kudus was the senopati or Warlord as also a court judge of the Islamic empire in Demak. In the reign of Sunan Prawoto, he then became an advisor to Arya Penangsang.
The anniversary of the Kudus Regency was set on September 23, 1549 AD, which was stipulated in the Regional Regulation (PERDA) no. 11 of 1990 on the Kudus Day, published on July 6, 1990, during the era of Regent Colonel Soedarsono.
The anniversary of the Kudus City is usually celebrated with parades, ceremonies, tasyakuran (prayer as an expression of gratefulness) and some other activities in Al Aqsa/Menara Mosque which is followed by religious rituals such as tahlil and shalat berjamaah or prayer together.
Kudus Regency is located between four regencies namely:
- Regency of Jepara and Pati in the north
- West borders with Demak and Jepara Districts <br/>
- Regency of Grobogan and Pati in the south
- Regency of Pati on the East
Kudus is located between coordinates 6° 51 '- 7° 16'; S and 110° 36 '110° 50' E. The farthest distance from west to east is 16 km and from north to south 22 km. Topographycally, Kudus Regency has the lowest altitude of 5 meters above sea level in Undaan District and the highest altitude of 1600 meters above sea level located in Dawe
Most soil in Kudus Regency are chocolate alluvial type (32.12 percent of the land area in Kudus Regency) where most of the land has a slope of 0-2 degrees and effective depth of more than 90 cm.
Climatic conditions in Kudus District are generally influenced by the wet tropical climate. The Rainfall in Kabupaten Kudus is relatively low on average, below 2000 mm / year. The highest temperature reached 33 degrees Celsius and the lowest 26 degrees Celsius with an average temperature of about 29 degrees Celsius and the average monthly humidity ranged between 72% -83%.
The Wind blowing in Kudus Regency is the west wind and the wet east wind, with humidity about 88%, minimum wind speed 5km/hour and maximum wind speed can reach up to 50 km/hour.
Administratively Kudus Regency is divided into 9 Subdistricts with 123 villages, 9 administrative villages.
Sub-district with the most number of villages/administrative village is the Kota Sub-district with 25 villages/administrative villages, while the Sub-district with the smallest number of villages namely Bae Sub-District with only 10 villages.
The number of villages/neighborhoods, RT/RW in Kudus Regency can be seen as follows:
(No Table is Shown)
Source: BPS Kabupaten Kudus
The population of Kudus Regency in 2011-2015 is as follows:
(no data is shown) 789875, 800403, 810893, 821109, 831303 people, respectively.
With the sex ratio in 2011 amounted to 96.992. For 2012 the sex ratio between men and women in Kabupaten Kudus is 96,993. While in 2013 and 2014 amounted to 97.025 and 97.011 and by 2015 the sex ratio in Kabupaten Kudus reached 96.995.
Population density in Kudus regency reaches 1 931 per km2 in 2014. Source: BPS Kab. Kudus, https://kuduskab.bps.go.id/linkTableStatis/view/id/131
The number of workers in Kabupaten Kudus Aged 15 Years and Over by Type of Main Activities During the Past Week in 2015 is as follows:
(Again, no data is shown) 451227 people
Source: BPS Kab. Kudus As for Regency / Kota Minimum Wage (UMK) in Kabupaten Kudus
Rp. 1.380.000,00 in 2015. In 2016, MSE in Kudus Regency increased to Rp. 1.608.200,00.
Achievements from Kudus Regency are as follows:
- Received the Adipura Kirana Award 2016 for Mid-size City/Regency category in Indonesia, awarded for Waste Management and Processing in Final Disposal Place (TPA)
- Received Adipura Award Year 2015 for for Mid-size City/Regency category in Indonesia.
- Received Indonesian Road Safety Award (IRSA) Year 2015 for Innovation Program for Road Safety Management category
- Received First Winner Adhikarya Pangan Nusantara Award Year 2014 in The National Level Category of Food Security Stakeholder
- Received First Winner as Trantibum Most Orderly Regions of Central Java in 2016
- Received Second Winner as Trantib’s Alert Cadre Central Java in 2016
- Received Second Winner of Regional Regulation Enforcement in Central Java in 2016
Featured products are product with reliable and consistent competitiveness, that shows the positive characteristics of the region, peculiar, able to increase people's income, contribute to to the region's economy through high employment absorption, market-oriented, sustainable supply of raw materials and that the products is not necessarily technologically advanced and requiring high investment.
The featured products of Kudus Regency are as follows:
No. Product Sub-district
1 Cigarette Dawe, Gebog, Kudus
2 Teak Paper (Kertas Jati) Jekulo
3 Kudus Embroidery (Bordir Kudus)
4 Jenang Kudus
5 Sugar Cane Dawe, Gebog, Jekulo, Kaliwungu, Bae
6 Furniture Gebyog Gebyog, Undaan, Mejobo, Bae, Kaliwungu
7. Garment Convection Bae, Jati, Jekulo, Kota, Dawe, Mejobo, Gebog, Undaan
8 Electronic Industry Gebog, Kaliwungu, Bae, Kota
9 Tourism Dawe, Jati, Kota
3. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS
a. Colo Tourist Attractions
Colo is located about 18 km to the north of the center of the Kudus Regency, in the Mountains of Muria to be exact, in Colo Village, Dawe Sub-district. The Mountains of Muria with an altitude of 1602 m above sea level is a plateau region consisting of several hills and mountains, such as:
- Argo Jembangan Mountains
- Argo Piloso Mountains
- The Rahtawu Mountains
- Market Hills
- Ringgit hills
Visitors can enjoy the fascinatingly beautiful mountain scenery with a clean and refreshingly cool air. The number of lodging in this site is a bit limited, therefore, Visitors need to book them early.
Colo also has a special food that is not available in other areas in Kudus, namely: Roasted Chicken and Fern Pecel or pecel Pakis, Byar Banana, Golden Banana, Parijotho and Jangklong. This tourist destination is still a part of a number of other attractions in the area of Mount Muria, such as Monthel waterfall and the Tomb of Sunan Muria.
b. Kretek Museum
Kretek Museum is located about 3 km to the south of the downtown Kudus, in Getas Pejaten Village, Jati Kudus Sub-district to be exact. Kretek Museum was built as a symbol of the Kudus Regency as the Regency of Kretek that stores various early day equipment and traditional machinery to make clove cigarettes and klobot cigarette as well as means of promotion of cigarettes at that time. Furthermore, there is a diorama that describes the process of planting and processing the raw materials of clove cigarettes (tobacco, cloves, and cornhusk). The museum was inaugurated on October 3, 1986 by the Minister of the Interior. Kretek Museum is a place to reconstruct the history of the cigarette industry in Kudus from the glorious era of the King of Kudus Clove Kretek, Niti Semito, who is famous for his brand of Bal Three, until the modernization of the Kudus cigarette industry. There are also traditional houses of Kudus and additional facilities initiated by the government in this museum complex, such as water boom, technopark, mini teather, and children';s playground.
c. The Kudus Tower
The Tourist Destination of the Sightseeing Tower of Kudus is located about 1.5 km to the west of the center of Kudus (Alon-alon Simpang Tujuh), in Kauman Village, Kota Sub-district to be exact. The Kudus Tower is a monumental building with tremendos historical and archaeological value. Based on a scientific research, the Tower of Kudus is an ancient building that exhibit the result of an acculturation of ancient Javanese culture of Hindu and Islam.
The Tower of Kudus is not a former Hindu temple building but the tower was built in the time of the nurture/transition period from the end of Majapahit Kingdom to the era of Demak Islamic Kingdom.
The form of construction and architectural style of the Kudus Tower is similar to the East Java temples in the era of Majapahit to Singosari, for example, Jago Temple that resembles the Kulkul tower in Bali. The Kudus Tower became the symbol of "Tolerant Islam" in which the way Sunan Kudus is spreading the religion of Islam in Kudus by respecting the Hindu-Javanese belief adhered to by some of the local people. The Kudus Tower was built by Syeh Ja'far Shodiq, or better known as Sunan Kudus, in 1685 AD. There is a candrasengkala which can be seen from the tower's roof pole which reads "broken gate of ewahing universe". According to Prof. DR RM Soetjipto Wirjosoepano, this candrasengkala shows the year symbol of: Gapuro (9), Damaged (0), Ewah (6) and Jagad (1) which in Javanese language is read from the back so that 1609 meaning Tower was built in Java 1609 or 1685 M.
d. Taman Krida Wisata
Taman Krida Wisata Tourist Destination is located in the Wergu Wetan village, Kota Sub-district, which is in the Sport Complex Building (GOR). Taman Krida Wisata is a recreational park for children and families. The park is equipped with interesting and educative animal sculptures for children, including dinosaur statues, Hippopotamus, Elephant, Giraffe, Lion, Tiger and Zebra. There are water rickshaws and swimming pools too, where children and even adults can play around the pool. There are also meetings halls inside the complex, commonly used for large indoor activities such as wedding, seminars, school farewell, etc.
LICENSE AND FINANCING
Licensing and financing in Kabupaten Kudus is done through the Integrated Licensing and Investment Service Board (BPMPT). Based on the announcement of BMPT Kudus District on November 1, 2016 which comes from http://kudusinvest.kuduskab.go.id/ that the permission is done through the online system at http://bpmppt.kuduskab.go.id/.
The license is as follows:
- SIUP (Trading Business License), required for CV’s extension of TDP (Corporate Registration Certificate) or CV’s TDP renewal
- TDI (Industrial Register)
- IUI (Industrial Business License)
- IPI (Industrial Expansion Permit)
- Permission Pharmacies
- Permission Drug Store
- Advertising Permit (construction / other than incidental)
Investment Board and Integrated Licensing Services of Kudus Regency
Jl. Simpang Tujuh NO. 1 Kudus
Phone: (0291) 435018
Development of Patiayam Tourist Attraction Site in Kudus District
Patiayam site is part of Mount Muria. Patiayam site is located in Dukuh Kancilan, Terban Village, Jekulo Sub-district, Kudus Regency, where the fossils called balung buto (giant bone) by the community were originally found. The existence of this site is still perfunctory, it has not been managed optimally, thus causing the Site is not widely known by the outside community (in contrast to the Sangiran Site). The comparative advantage of the Patiayam site is its intact fossil condition because of the fine volcanic ash that covering the bone and help the fossil formation process to go well. But this time, the tourist attraction side has not been developed optimally. This is an investment opportunity for private parties to participate in developing Patiayam site.
b. Project Scope
The development of patiayam site is for the site to grow like the Sangiran Site, Trinil Site, and Mojokerto Site because of their ancient age equation. There is even the possibility that Patiayam site will be able to surpass its predescessors due its beautiful surrounding sceneries.
Dukuh Kancilan Terban Village, Jekulo Sub-district. The extent of ± 2,902.2 Ha covers some areas in Kudus Regency and in Pati Regency.
d. Financial Aspect
Estimated value of investment: Rp 25,502,500,000
e. Investment Scheme
Cooperation with Kudus Regency Government with BOT scheme (Build, Operate, Transfer)
f. Contact Person
Board of Investment and Integrated Licensing Service of Kudus Regency
(Badan Penanaman Modal dan Pelayanan Perizinan Terpadu Kabupaten Kudus)
Jl. Simpang Tujuh No. 1 Kudus
Phone: +62291 435018
Source: http://bpmd.jatengprov.go.id/peluang-investasi/pengembangan- objekwisata-situs-
Development of Colo Tourist Attraction Kabupaten Kudus
a. Project Description
Colo tourist attraction is one of the leading attractions in Kudus regency. The Site consists of both religious tourism and nature tourism. Its presence has proven able to contribute to the Original Local Government Revenue (PAD) as the biggest from the tourism sector. Colo Tourist Attraction has contributed the PAD for ± Rp 351.824.000, in April 2009, when The total target of PAD from the tourism sector of Kudus Regency in 2009 is Rp.1.100.000.000. The tourism community in Kudus Regency and around it are desperate to see the development of Colo Tourist Attraction. While tourists who make the pilgrimage to the Tomb of Sunan Muria or who enjoy the beautiful scenery and the freshness of the cool natural mountain athmosphere, they need a place to rest/stay, playground for their children and sports facilities that represent great service quality. The development of Colo Tourist Attraction is planned by the Department of Tourism and Culture of Kudus Regency, which include the construction of hotels, villas, tennis courts and Ria Park playground.
b. Existing Conditions
- Geographical location
Colo tourist attraction is situated within three Villages namely Kajar, Colo and Japon. The three villages are within the administrative territory of Dawe Sub-district of Kudus Regency. The topographic Condition of Colo tourist attraction pertained wavy which is characterized by an area that proved to mountainous with a slope of 15 – 40°. Colo tourist attraction is located at an altitude of 500m above sea level, with tropical climate and is 17 KM from the Capital Kota Sub-district.
Viewed from the Culture aspect, the people in Colo Tourist Attraction are highly influenced by the coastal culture, besides the strong influence of Islamic Culture, while on the other hand, the influence of foreign culture is not felt at all, although the location is not that far from the capital of Kudus Regency which is the centre of Industry and Trade of the regency.
c. Other Supporting Attractions surrounding Colo
- Religious Tourism Area (Perziarahan or Pilgrimage)
Nearby Colo there are two main pilgrimage sites namely the Tomb of Sunan Muria and the Tomb of Sadzli Sadeh. Both tombs are located on a plateau which tourists visit for the pilgrimage purpose.
- Montel Falls
Montel Waterfall is also located in Colo Village. The distance from Colo’s Gapura or Gate to this falls is only about 600 m of walk. Tourists visit the waterfall to enjoy the beauty and freshness of nature as well as to bathe under waterfalls.
- Tiga Rasa Rejenu Waterfall
The Tiga Rasa Rejenu Waterfall is located inside the tomb complex of Syech Sadli'.
- Wana Wisata Kajar
Wana Wisata Kajar is a pine forest covering an area of ± 1.5 ha. This forest is used for campingground, Outbound, and other Nature Tourism Activities.
The Construction of the Kudus Business Centre
a. Description of the project
The development of Kudus Business Centre is expected to nurture the growth of the potencies and businesses of Kudus Regency. The impact will be to to increase the economic growth of the region and the Original Local Government Revenue of the Kudus Regency. The Kudus Business Center will be built using an area of ± 15.000 m2, located at the land belonging to the Ngembalrejo Village, in Bae Sub-district, on the path of Pantura Kudus- Surabaya route.
The business center is a means for SMEs in Kudus Regency to able to increase their current presence and their existing market share. Kudus Business Center will be showcasing Kudus SME&'s outstanding products such as Kudus's distinctive embroidery, Batik Kudus, Kudus Carved-Wood- Furnitures, Kudus’ typical souvenirs, Kudus’ cuisine or culinary specialties, Local banking services, Money Changer, Travel agencies, and online public services (Tax Payment office and Samsat Online office), including also the Offices of Business Associations (HIPMI, Kadin, Asmindo, TDA, etc.). Kudus Business Centre can also be used as a venue to display and promote SME’s featured products.
Other than to support SMEs, this Kudus Business Center is also providing venue for non SME’s business to provide sales and services of information technology products such as computers, cell phones and various accessories supporting the technology equipment.
b. Existing Conditions
Kudus Regency becomes one of the few areas that have a fast regional acceleration. It is partly from its geographical position that Kudus is very close to the government of Pati, Jepara, and Grobogan. Another thing that has been the driving force is the establishment of dozens of residential business areas (including Real Estate) in these locations and surrounding areas. The contribution of the trade sector to the GDP of Kudus Regency ranks second after the industrial sector that is 25,17% (year 2008). It shows that the trade sector is a strong economic driver and one of the backbone of Kudus Regency's economy. In parallel, the trade activities grow and develop along with the growth and development of the industry. Kudus is no less competitive compared with other areas around it, geographically and from the region's resources viwpoint, because Kudus trading activities has always been as one of the areas supporting the acquisition of foreign exchange through export activities undertaken by exporters from Kudus Regency.
The potential of trading based on the existing data of traders until the end of the year 2008 were as many as 23,409 entrepreneurs with the following details:
- Formal Traders (SIUP holder): 12,798 Units
- Market Traders: 8,161 Units
- Street vendors: 1,300 Units
- Traffic light vendors: 150 Units
c. Market Potential Analysis
The construction of ‘Sentra Bisnis Kudus’ or Kudus Business Centre will be able to accommodate at least 31 entrepreneurs who will occupy the location in the building. These business actors will be charged of a rental fee of Rp 2.250.000, - per month or Rp 27.000.000, - per year. To simplify the calculation, we’ll the assumption that the Business Center building has a 10-year tenure with an estimated change of income of 10% per annum and an estimated change of cost of 15% per annum.
d. Financial Analysis
In this method the factors that determine the acceptance or rejection of an investment proposal are the periods required to repay the investment. Therefore, with this method, each investment proposal is assessed based on whether in a certain period of time desired by the management, the amount of cash inflows or cash savings obtained from investment can close the planned investment Payback Period = Investment/net cash inflow
e. Potential of MSMEs Entrepreneurs
The trading potential based on existing data up to the end of 2008 is 23,409 with details as follows:
- Formal Traders (SIUP holder): 12,798 Units
- Market Traders: 8,161 Units
- Street vendors: 1,300 Units
- Traffic: 150 Units
f. Intensive Local Government
- Provision of 1.5 ha of land
- Ease of licensing (One Stop Service -OSS)
- Incentives in the form of levy relief by 50%
g. Supporting Regulations
- Kudus Regency Regulation Number 3 Year 2004 About Location Permit Retribution
- Kudus Regency Regulation Number 5 Year 2004 About Nuisance Permit Retribution
- Kudus Regency Regulation Number 3 Year 2000 About Building Permit Retribution
h. Forms of Investment
Investment can be done in the form of profit sharing between investors and Kudus Regency Government. Another advantage is that the Kudus Business Center building can be used indefinetly and the project can create more jobs.
i. Land Status
The land used for the construction of Kudus Business Center is owned by the government of Ngembalrejo Village Bae Sub-district of Kudus Regency with a total area of 1.5 Ha.