Klaten Regency

Klaten Regency Profil

a. Geography

Klaten Regency is located between: 110°30'-110°45' E and 7°30'-7°45' S and adjacent to the Regency:

  • Boyolali Regency in the north
  • Sukoharjo Regency in the east
  • Gunungkidul Regency (DIY province) in the south
  • Sleman Regency (DIY province) in the west

Distance Klaten Regency With Other Cities and Regencies in Karesidenan Surakarta :

  • Klaten Regency to Boyolali Regency: 38 Km
  • Klaten Regency to Wonogiri Regency: 67 Km
  • Klaten Regency to Solo City: 36 Km
  • Klaten Regency to Karanganyar Regency: 49 Km
  • Klaten Regency to Sukoharjo Regency: 47 Km
  • Klaten Regency to Sragen Regency: 63 Km

Klaten Regency is divided into three terraces:

  • North: Plains of Mount Merapi Slope
  • East: Lowland plains
  • South: Limestone mountain plains

b. Topography

Topography is the study about the position of a part and broadly referring to horizontal coordinates such as latitude and longitude, and vertically or altitude.

The Regency of Klaten is located between Mount Merapi and Seribu Mountains with a height of between 75 and 160 meters above the sea level, which is divided into the slopes of Mount Merapi in the northern part of the sloping, and flat and hilly area in the south.

If based on altitude, Klaten Regency consists of terrains and mountains located at varying altitudes, ie 9.72 percent located at an altitude of 0-100 meters from sea level. 77.52 percent is located at an altitude of 100-500 meters from sea level and 12.76 percent is located at an altitude of 500-1000 meters from sea level.

Klaten Regency’s climatic conditions is a tropical climate with dry and rainy seasons all year round, with average air temperature 28-30 degrees Celsius and average rainfall of about 153 millimeters per month, with the highest rainfall in January (350 mm) and the lowest rainfall in July (8 mm). Most part of the regency is a low and uneven land. The northwestern part is a mountain, part of the Mount Merapi system. The capital of this district is on the main route Solo – Yogyakarta.

c. History of Klaten Regency

Knowing the history does not necessarily mean we have understood how things happened in the past. But by studying history would enable us as the present generation to pick up the scattered noble values ​​behind those past events and to learn from it as if it were a good teacher.

The history of Klaten is scattered in various records of ancient archives, Javanese manuscripts, and colonial archives. These records are written in the Serat Perjanjian Dalem Nata, Serat Ebuk Anyar, Serat Siti Dusun, Sekar Nawala Pradata, Serat Angger Gunung, Serat Angger Sedasa and Serat Angger Gladag. On one hand, the bundle of archive of Surakarta Residency made the reference that the history of Klaten were as mentioned in Soerakarta Brieven van Buiten Posten, Brieven van den Soesoehoenan 1784 – 1810, Daghregister van den Resi dentie Soerakarta 1819, Reporten 1787 – 1816, Rijksblad Soerakarta and Staatblad van Nederlandsche Indie. On the other hand, Babad Giyanti, Babad Bedhahipun Karaton Negari Ing Ngayogyakarta, Babad Tanah Jawi and Babad Sindula became other sources to trace the history of Klaten as well.

All of the source from ancient archives, the Javanese manuscripts, and the colonial archive evidently reinforce and complement each other in tracing the history of Klaten. The story of Kyai and Nyai Mlati who lived in the village of Sekalekan is mention as the founder of the village and the origin of the name Klaten. The two were the king servants of Kraton Mataram and assigned by the king to provide the Jasmine flowers and Joho fruit to blacken the teeth of the princesses of the palace (Serat Narpawada, 1919 – 1921).

In order to meet the needs of the Jasmine flowers for the king’s daughters, Kyai and Nyai start grewing the Jasmine plants in the rice fields belonging to Raden Ayu Mangunkusuma, who were the wife of Raden Tumenggung Mangunkusuma. In relation to the story of Kyai and Nyai Mlati, the word Klaten is said to be derived from the word Melati (Javanese: Mlathi), the name of the King’s servant and also the name of the flower he planted, which then turn into the word ‘Klathi’, then changed to ‘Klathen’ to make it easier for the pronounciation.

This version on the basis of parental words as quoted in the book “Klaten from Time to Period” published Part Ortakala Setda Kab. Dati II Klaten Year 1992/1993. Another story said that Klaten comes from the word kelathi or ‘buah bibir’ meaning “the trending topic of the talk”. This word kelathi then experienced dissimilation to Klaten. After
all, Klaten has long been an area famous for its fertility. The history of Klaten can also be traced from the existence of Hindu temples, Buddha’s temple as well as ancient items. The origins of ancient villages in the past show credible information. Villages such as Pulowatu, Gumulan, Wedihati, Mirah-mirah and Upit. The Ngupit relics or petilasan Ngupit were even clearly mentioning the sign of the date that is interpreted as November 8, 66 AD, by Raden Rakai Kayuwangi.

The establishment of the fortress or the ‘Loji’ Klaten in the reign of Sunan Paku Buwana IV also has a significant meaning in the history of Klaten. The construction’s first laying of the brick was recorded to have happened on Saturday Kliwon, 12 rabiulakhir, Langkir, Alit 1731 or sengkala RUPA MANTRI SWARANING JALAK or interpreted as July 28, 1804 AD. This historical record about the historal date can be found in “Babad Bedhaning Ngayogyakarata” and “Geger Sepehi”. This historical date was then officially commemorated every year as the anniversary of Klaten Regency, by the government of Klaten Regency through the Local Regulation No. 12 year 2007.

d. Population

The population of Klaten Regency in 2014 is 1,154,030 people and then increased to 1,158,8,000 people by 2015. the number of male population in the Klaten Regency in 2015 is as much as 568,780 people while the number of female population is 590,015 people.

e. Employment

In 2014, the number of people aged 15 years and above (workforce age) in Klaten Regency were 630,300 people and by 2015 the number has decreased to 611,785 people. For the minimum wage applied in Klaten Regency in 2015 were Rp. 1,170,000 and then increased to Rp. 1.400.000 in 2016.

f. Education

Klaten Regency in 2015, there are 780 Elementary Schools and 79 Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. For the middle school level there are as many as 107 Junior High School and 26 Madrasah Tsanawiyah. For high school and vocational level there are as many as 85 Senior High School and 6 Madrasah Aliyah.

Achievement of Klaten

a. Klaten Regency received the national level award from The Ministry of Women
Empowerment and Child Protection of Republic of Indonesia, in 2015, as the city/regency with the most commitment to fulfil and protect children’s rights. Kabupaten Layak Anak (KLA) Award 2015.

b. Klaten Regency became one of the recipients of Adipura award in 2016.
This achievement is a tribute to the improvement of environmental cleanliness from the previous year. Nevertheless, as admitted by the Head of the Environment Agency (BLH) of Klaten, Tajudin Akbar, that there are still a number of notes preventing Klaten from being able to meet the minimum standard grade for the nomination of Adipura and among them is the waste management problem. "Currently there is no Final Disposal Site (TPA) officially managed by Klaten Regency Government, therefore, this problem is quite of a roadblock" as he said on Thursday (21/07/2016).

As this momment, he said, Klaten Regency Government is still waiting for the process of building the new Final Waste Processing Place (TPAS) in Troketon, Pedan, to finish. This new construction followed the closure of the TPA in Joho Village, Prambanan. Meanwhile during the transition period, garbages is discharged to a landfill site in Candirejo Village, Ngawen.

"In panelist’s note, Klaten has not able to conduct community-based waste management, yet, so, for now, we (the government) continue to encourage people to be more involved and concerned with their environmental conditions, and one of them is to manage their waste," he explained.
Tajudin is optimistic that when TPAS Troketon is operational, the waste management will be completely integrated and Klaten could even sweep up the Adipura Cup.

Tourist Attraction in Klaten

a. Prambanan temple
Prambanan Temple or Roro Jonggrang Temple is the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia built in the 9th century AD. This temple is dedicated to Trimurti, the three major Hindu gods: Brahmas as the creator god, Vishnu as the nurture god, and Shiva as the destroyer god. Based on Siwagrha stone inscription the original name of this temple complex is actually Siwagrha (meaning 'House of Shiva' in Sanskrit), and indeed in the garbagriha (main room) of this temple is located the three-meter- tall statue of Shiva Maha Dewa which shows that Shiva is the god preferred in this temple.

The temple complex is located in between Prambanan, Sleman Regency and Prambanan sub-districts, Klaten Regency, approximately 17 kilometers north-east of Yogyakarta, 50 kilometers southwest of Surakarta and 120 kilometers south of Semarang, just on the border between Central Java province and Yogyakarta Special Region. The location is very unique, because Prambanan Temple is located in the administrative area of ​​Bokoharjo village, Prambanan, Sleman, while the entrance of the Prambanan Temple complex is located in the administrative area of ​ Tlogo village, Prambanan, Klaten.

This temple is included in UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites, the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia, as well as one of the most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia. The architecture of this building is tall and slender in accordance with the Hindu architecture in general, with the Shiva temple as the main temple with the height of 47 meters, looming in the middle of a cluster of smaller temple complex. As one of the grandest temples in Southeast Asia, Prambanan temple attracts tourists from all over the world. According to the inscription of Siwagrha stone, this temple began to be built around 850 AD by Rakai Pikatan, and was further developed and expanded by Balitung Maha Sambu, during the rule of Medang Mataram empire.

b. Deles Indah
Deles Indah is a tourist destination located on the slopes of the eastern foot of Mount Merapi, about 25 km from the center of Klaten Regency. Deles Indah is located in the village of Sidorejo, Kemalang, Klaten, with an altitude between 800 - 1300m above sea level. This location has a unique potential for a mountain scenery. From the location of Deles Indah, the tourist attraction is to see the real peak of Mount Merapi, including views of the Klaten Regency, the chimney of the Gondang Baru Sugar Factory and the New Ceper Sugar Factory, as well as Rawa Jombor with its limestone mountains.
The location of Deles Indah itself is under a radius of 10 km from the peak of Merapi, in which already inhabited again (after the 2014 eruption).

There are two choices of route to reach the location of Deles Indah, and the first route is from the direction of Boyolali Regency; visitors head to Jatinom direction, then turn right towards kemalan sub-district, and would then reach Deles soon after. The second route, from Klaten, visitors can pass through the Gondang area, then headed to Kemalang district before reaching Deles as well.

c. Suran Cave
‘Gua’ Suran or Suran Cave is a cave located in Jatinom Village, Jatinom Sub-district. This L-shaped cave with the depth ± 4 m cave is used as a place of pray and meditation for Kyai Ageng Gribig at the time when he could not build a mosque. There is also fresh water pond call Sendang Suran as the place of wudlu Kyai Ageng Gribig, right beside the Suran cave. This place is now used for the the location to distribute apem cakes which are made on every Sapar month. In addition there are also Belan Cave, a ± 8 m deep tunnel, which is used for recreation that is very appealing for young people; and Sendang Plampeyan: A recreation park in Plampeyan for children, with an area of ​​± 700m2, in south of the grave of Kyai Ageng Gribig.

d. Umbul Ponggok
Umbul Ponggok is a natural lake which developed into a well-known water tourism in Klaten Regency. This is a favorite snorkeling location because of the beautiful view of the base of the lake as well as the variety of colorful fish that live there. Not only snorkeling, with a size of 50 x 25 meters and an average depth of 1.5 - 2.6 meters where it is actually suitable for a lot of water activity, Umbul Ponggok is often used as a place of diving exercise.

Nevertheless, snorkeling is a fun water exercise that has a relaxing effect. Previously, to do this activity, tourists must look for and go to a sea that is within their reach, with calm waters and beautiful coral reefs and marine animals. Not many sea has those criteria, therefore, this activity could only be done by few people, in limited times and places.

This is where Umbul Ponggok comes in and change all that. For people who do not have the opportunity to snorkel in the beautiful sea before, they can do it in Klaten now. Visitors do not have to worry of waves of the sea, because this snorkeling haven is actually a natural source of fresh and clear water that has been existed since the rule of the Dutch.

Licensing and Financing
Licensing information can be found on the website http://kpmpt.klatenkab.go.id which is the website of the Government of Klaten Regency where it describes how the procedure of filing out the form of various types of permits needed in running a business.

Investment Opportunities

a. The Development of Tourism Object of Rowo Jombor in Klaten Regency
Rowo Jombor is a natural tourist destination are that is still presented as the way it is. Currently the water area is only used for floating stall and keramba fisheries, fishing area, and water sightseeing (boat tours). There are much more tourism potentials in Rowo Jombor that has not been developed optimally.

Therefore, plan re-arrangement and further development of the tourist area by completing the facilities and infrastructure to realize an integrated area between sports, recreation, accommodation and conservation so as to increase the number of tourists and the revenue of Klaten Regency, are needed.

It is expected that private investors can participate in investing and cooperating with Klaten Regency Government to manage the tourism potential of Rowo Jombor.

Project Scope

  • Development of floating restaurants
  • Construction of food court, motor-boat dock, free fishing area, ATV area, viewing tower, sitting area, water bicycle terminal, Sidagura garden, playground, car and motorcycle park.
  • Construction of kiosks, souvenir centers, and the development of floating shops (publicly rent)

Location

  • Location: Krakitan Village, Bayat District, Klaten District
  • Distance: ± 8 km to the southeast of Klaten City
  • Land Area: 198 Ha
  • Land ownership status: belong to the Central Java Provincial Government (but the development is under the authority of Klaten Regency Government)

Financial Aspect
Estimated investment value: Rp 69,411,050,000

Investment Scheme
Cooperation with Klaten Regency Government

Contact Person
Nur Endro Bagaskoro, S.STP, MM
Head of Investment Sub Division
Investment and Integrated Licensing Office of Klaten Regency (Kantor Penanaman Modal
Dan Perizinan Terpadu Kabupaten Klaten)
Jl. Pramuka No.4 Klaten 57414
Phone / Fax: +62272 322118 / +62272 322118
Mobile: +6281391704096
Email: kptklaten@yahoo.co.id / kpmptklaten@gmail.com / fandro27@gmail.com

b. Development of Umbul Pelem and Umbul Manten as Tourist Atractions in Klaten Regency
It is a source of crystal clear and abundant fresh water. Year after year, people around the spring use the water resources for fish farming, plant irrigation, and daily necessities. The presence of both Umbul is also always been a tourist destination. Unfortunately, given the limited budget the Klaten Regency Government has, the development of both Umbul has not been managed optimally.
Therefore, the Government of Klaten Regency currently plans to revitalize and better manage the two umbul by inviting private investors to participate in investing and cooperating with the Government of Klaten Regency. Further development would include to build new bathing area, parking area, and theme park rides that are expected to increase visitors’ interest.

Project Scope

  • Construction of bathing areas
  • Construction of car parks
  • Construction of motorcycle parking
  • Development of theme park rides

Location

  • Location: Wunut Village, Tulung Sub-district, Klaten Regency
  • Land Area: 6,000 m2
  • Distance: ± 6 km from Jogja – Solo Highway (Tegalgondo)
  • Land ownership status: owned by Village Government

Financial Aspect
Estimated investment value: Rp 12,636,000,000

Investment Scheme
Cooperation with Klaten Regency Government

Contact Person
Nur Endro Bagaskoro, S.STP, MM
Head of Investment Sub Division
Investment and Integrated Licensing Office of Klaten Regency (Kantor Penanaman Modal Dan Perizinan Terpadu Kabupaten Klaten)
Jl. Pramuka No.4 Klaten 57414
Phone / Fax: +62272 322118 / +62272 322118
Mobile: +6281391704096
Email: kptklaten@yahoo.co.id / kpmptklaten@gmail.com / fandro27@gmail.com
Source:
http://jogja.tribunnews.com
http://bpmd.jatengprov.go.id
http://kpmpt.klatenkab.go.id/

Geographical Location