Karanganyar was first started as a small hamlet on Maulud 16, 1670 in Javanese Calendar, or April 19, 1745. The land of Karanganyar Hamlet area comes from Raden Ayu Diponegoro or Nyi Ageng Karang whom also had a small name of Raden Ayu Sulbiyah. Karanganyar was just becoming a new hamlet in the area of Kasunanan Surakarta, under the leadership of Swapraja Kasunanan Surakarta at that time, Sri Pakubuwono II. The originator of the name “Karanganyar”, however, was Raden Mas Said, or better known as the Pangeran Sambernyawa.
Karanganyar hamlet which was located in Southern Sukowati, then became a part of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta, under the ruling of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I (Pangeran Mangkubumi) in the year 1755-1792, as one of the results of the "Giyanti Agreement" between Sunan Pakubuwono III with Pangeran Mangkubumi on February 13, 1755, in which one of the contents is the division of the Mataram Kingdom into two regions, namely Kasunanan Surakarta and Kasultanan Yogyakarta.
In 1847, Sri Mangkunegara III in his Kingdom of Mangkunegaran held a new order: Staatblat 1847 No. 30, which was a new provision that apply in Kasunanan Surakarta where one of the poins stated that Karanganyar was one of the region. The new order came in to effect on Juni 5, 1847.
Anom Regency of Mangkunegaran City was formed In 1903, covering the northern city of Sala, Wanareja, Kaliyoso, and Colomadu: Swapraja Mangkunegaran. On 20 November 1917, the term Onderregentschap was then changed into regentschap or ”Kabupaten” in Indonesian until now, by the Sri Mangkunegoro VII who ruled the Kasultanan Yogyakarta government at that time (1916 – 1944).
Karanganyar Regency also had a few interesting times such as:in 1930, when Karanganyar Regency was temporary abolished and administratively incorporated into the Mangkunegaran City with the intention to have a more efficient and effective Mangkunegaran plantation management.
During the Japanese occupation (1942 – 1945), when the Karanganyar area was still mentioned as Kawedanan and part of Mangkunegaran City, but its position and its territory was replaced by Japanese term / language.
After the Proclamation of Independence on August 17, 1945, the President of the Republic of Indonesia issued a Charter of the Status which established Sri Susuhunan Paku Buwono XII and Sri Mangkunegara VIII, respectively as the Head of Kasunanan Surakarta and the Head of Mangkunegaran Region.
At the end of 1945 in Surakarta, an anti-Swapraja movement has risen and led regencies and cities such as Karanganyar, Sragen, Klaten, Boyolali, Wonogiri and Surakarta City to declare themselves out of Swapraja government. This event has received a response from the Central Government with the publication of Government Decree no. 16 / SD Year 1946 which among others set those areas to be incorporated in the Surakarta Residency and led by a Resident.
In short, the formation process of Karanganyar Regency government started from a small hamlet formed during the struggle of Raden Mas Said (1741 – 1757), which then formed the Anom Regency on June 5, 1847, which were then established as the Karanganyar Regency on November 18, 1917.
Karangnyar Regency Anniversary was then stipulated on 18 November 1917, by the Regional Regulation of Karanganyar Regency Level II Number 20 Year 1998 about the Anniversary of Karanganyar Regency.
Karanganyar Regency is one of the regencies in Central Java Province bordering with:
- The Sragen Regency in the north.
- The East Java Province in the east.
- Wonogiri Regency and Sukoharjo Regency in the south.
- Surakarta City and Boyolali Regency in the west.
Karanganyar Regency is located coordinates between 110 ° 40 "- 110 ° 70" E and 70 ° 28 "- 70 ° 46" S. The average altitude is 511 meters above the sea level and under tropical climate with temperature around 22° to 31 ° C.
Rainfall and Weather
Based on the data from 6 measuring stations in Karanganyar Regency, the highest rainfall occurred in January and March. While the lowest in July and August.
Average height of area in Karanganyar Regency is 511 m above the sea level. The lowest area is in Jaten Sub-district which is only 90 m above the sea level while the highest area is in Tawangmangu Sub-district which reach 2000 m above sea level.
The total area of Karanganyar Regency is 77,378.64 Ha, which consists of various land. Here is the table of land area (in units of Ha). (without table)
Karanganyar Regency is divided into 17 sub-districts, 15 villages and 162 hamlets.
In 2014 the population of Karanganyar Regency is about 848,330 people and by 2015 the population in Karanganyar District has increased to 856,200 people, consisting of 423,520 males and 432,680 females.
The number of people aged 15 years and over (workforce age) in 2015 in Karanganyar Regency are as many as 466,504 people. The minimum wage applied in Karanganyar Regency in 2015 was Rp. 1.226.000 and then increased to Rp. 1.420.000 in 2016.
By 2015, the number of Elementary Schools and schools of the same level in Karanganyar Regency are 559 and 63 Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, while for Junior High School and schools of the same level, there are as many as 77 schools and 24 Madrasah Tsanawiyah. For Senior High School, vocational high school, and schools of the same level, there are as many as 48 schools and 6 Madrasah Aliyah.
1. Karanganyar Regency’s Achievement
a. Most Concerned for Human Rights Award and LAKIP Award, Two Achievements of Karanganyar Regency in 2014
Along with the commemoration of human rights day at the office of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Jakarta, Wednesday (10/12/14), Karanganyar Regency Government was awarded as the regency that concerned about human rights issues. Karanganyar Regency was ranked second only after Salatiga City, and has outperformed sixteen other regencies in the Central Jawa province.
b. LAKIP Award 2014
Karanganyar regency, a few days earlier, Monday (08/12/14) was also awarded Performance Accountability Performance Report (LAKIP) at Regency / City level in 2014 from the Ministry of Administrative Reform and Bureaucratic Reform (KemenPAN and RB) at Balai Kartini, Jakarta.
The Karanganyar regency website release said that the evaluation in 2014 was conducted together with the Financial and Development Supervisory Board (BPKP) and the Provincial Inspectorate of each object. The average value of performance accountability also increased, from 43.82 last year to 44.90.
The Ministry of Administrative and Bureaucratic Reform divide the evaluation score into six groups, namely AA with a range of values 85-100, A with 75-85, B with 65-75, CC if the value is 50-65, C if the value reaches 30-50, and D when the object gets the evaluation value 0- 30.
b. Karanganyar Regency Government Wins Kawastara Pawitra Award
Karanganyar Regency Government won the Kawastara Pawitra award from the Ministry of Education and Culture. The Minister of Education and Culture (Mendikbud) Muhadjir Effendy gave the award directly to the Regent of Karanganyar, Juliyatmono, on Saturday (15/10) in Surakarta. Kawastara Pawitra is an award given to a local government and foundations that are considered to be concerned about the Principal's training program. For 2016, the award is given to 113 recipients across Indonesia.
c. Adipura trophy winner in 2014
a. Industry potential
The Industry plays a very important role for improving the living standards and the economy of the community. The most common industry in the community are small industries run by households with relatively lower production and income. Large and medium-sized industries are relatively few when compared to small industries, both formal and non-formal. Increasing the amount of investment in the industry, large, medium, or small, could increase the production of the industry, or diversifying the production of the industry to a wider kind of export and export destination, as well as assisting the local government of Karanganyar regency in employment issues.
b. Agricultural potential
The agricultural sector as one of the primary sectors still gives a significant contribution for the economic growth of Karanganyar Regency. The agricultural sector can be broken down into several subsectors, namely (1) Food Crops, (2) Plantations, (3) Forestry, (4) Livestock, and (4) Fisheries. Thus, agricultural sector, such as the food crop subsector, is also vital since the products produced become the basic necessities of people's daily life. Karanganyar Regency, where the most part of the land is fertile agricultural land, has a very good potential for the development of agro-industrial crops.
c. Plantation Potential
Clove smallholder plantations, which cover of 1.812,15 Ha of land and produce as much as 685,8 tons of clove, has a very good potential for further development. Other plants that are also potential to be developed are coconut, cashew, sugar cane and ginger. Meanwhile, for large plantations, tea and rubber hold the potential as well.
d. Tourism potential
Karanganyar Regency is situated on the west side slopes of Mount Lawu, or in the east side of Solo or Surakarta City. Karanganyar Regency, with its beautiful natural scenery, has very high potential for tourism developments in nature tourism and the like.
The soil of Karanganyar Regency is very fertile, used for agriculture, farming or plantation, animal husbandry, and, of course, agro-tourism. With its diverse terain and natural conditions, Karanganyar Regency is also perfect for specific-interest nature tourism such as outbound, rafting, tracking, hiking, paragliding, and many more.
Karanganyar Regency is adjacent to the Islamic Mataram kingdom in Surakarta and Jogja, and is believed to be the residence of the last King of Majapahit, Brawijaya V. Karanganyar Regency also has many historical attractions and pilgrimages. Most of the attractions are already hundreds of years old, and there are even ancient and prehistoric sites alleged to have been thousands of years old.
With all its potential, Karanganyar Regency is very worth visiting and could become a leading tourist destination both in Central Java province and in Indonesia.
1. The Karanganyar Edupark
The Edupark is a place of learning or education for all levels of society. This educational themepark destination is located at Jl Gatot Subroto, Gaum Village, Tasikmadu Sub-district, in Karanganyar Regency.
The shape and type of educational vehicle consists of two types of transportation equipment, namely 1 (one) unit of Jumbo jet aircraft modified with the name Lawu Air Karanganyar with a passenger capacity of more than 100 (one hundred) Persons and 1 (one) unit of Helicopter with passenger capacity of 6 Persons.
The rides was originally created to educate the majority of indonesian people whom are still unaware the ins and outs of the aircraft for the purpose to increase their safety as future passengers of airplanes or helicopters. Therefore, it has a great appeal to all level and age of society, that people are enthusiastically flocked to see the 2 (two) unit of airplane up close. Children , adolescents and adults love to visit Edupark to be guided and given explanations on how to board and taking trips in airplanes.
That way when there is the chance to travel far in an airplane/helicopter, there is no need to hesitate because everyone already knew the drill.
Have a safe flight!
2. Pringgodani Falls
Pringgodani Waterfall is located in Blumbang Village, 4 km from Tawangmangu bus terminal, Pringgodani Falls is at the foot of Mount Lawu at 1531 meters above sea level, at coordinates 7 ° 39'02 "S - 111 ° 09'29" E. Pringgodani Falls is a actually both a historical and religious destination in the form of a joglo house, known as the Pringgodani Hermitage, as a prayer room for believers of animism and dinamism. on the other hand, the waterfall also offers beautiful scenary, with 2 levels of waterfall at a height of more than 100 m, this waterfall is much taller and more spectacular than from Grojogan Sewu Waterfall which was known earlier.
This place were one visited by Eyang Cokronegoro, where beside the waterfall there is also a sacred bridal spring, consisting of seven waterfalls that run from the hillside. The visiting pilgrims usually bathe at midnight in the ‘sendang’ or pond as the peak of their ritual. The Sendang itself is situated above the pringgodani waterfall, which is actually where the usual visit is, while the waterfall can only be seen from a distance because of its difficult-to reach location. To reach the pringgodani falls visitors would have to walk up through a hilly road, right on the edge of steep cliffs as far as +/- 1 km from the highway.
According to one of the local folklore, Pringgodani Hermitage was a place of imprisonment for someone who once defeated King Boko in the era of the kingdom of Kaling. Meanwhile, according to different spiritual followers, Pringgodani belongs to the territory of King Prabu Brawijaya V (the last king of majapahit) who had been handed over to Eyang Koconegoro. This is the place where the Eyang Koconegoro meditated with his stick embedded deep in the ground, attempting to be closer to the Creator, asking for an eternal life. It was said that the stick has now grown into a tree called lewung wood. Later in his ascetic, Eyang Koconegoro discover why his request has not been fulfilled by the Creator, and according to his teacher's guidance to fulfill his wishes, he then must climb to the top of Mount Lawu and re-meditate again there. The truth we might never know but the existence of the Pringgodani hermitage and waterfall is still not managed optimally, given its location is quite far from the highway while the terrain is also heavy and can only be reached on foot.
3. Sekipan Camping Ground
This camping area is located in Sekarjinggo Village, in Kalisoro Sub-district at the elevation of 1.100 m above the sea level. Sekipan previously named Sekar Jinggo, which means "orange flower", unlike the curent name ‘Sekipan’ means “to shoot” that comes from the Dutch language, ‘schieten’. This was said because from a long time ago, the region was often used for soldiers shooting training.
However, according to another folklore, it is said that in the days of the Kings, this area was a place of hunting (shooting) and recreation for the princes of the Kraton Kasunanan Surakarta and Mangkunegaran Family.
Other than as a Camping Ground arena, Sekipan is also a site for forest plant species research and nature education, which can also be used for outbound training activities, new-student orientation activities, Scouting and tracking activities. The combination of camping and outbound ativities could be an interesting alternative recreation form, that can even be packaged into a form of alternative education with experiental learning method.
4. Madirdo Lake
‘Tlogo’ Madirdo or Madirdo lake is a small lake whose water comes from the spring on the slope of Mount Lawu. The lake becomes the life of the surrounding people because the water has never receded despite the dry season and never had any flood despite in the rainy season. This lake is easily accessible, located just about 4 km from Berjo Village, Ngargoyoso Sub-district, Karanganyar Regency.
Madirdo lake has the potential to be developed into a leading tourist attraction for Berjo Village as the dream of most of Berjo residents. Especially when the lake is quite familiar for tourists who enter the Berjo village to follow the Golden Tracking path of Sukuh temple and Grojogan Sewu waterfalls, or tourists who is curious to learn the diversfied tourism potential in Karanganyar regency. After all, the position of the lake does very close to other tourist attractions such as Watu Bonang site, Planggatan Site, Sukuh Temple and Grojogan Sewu waterfalls.
With such a strategic position, people believe this lake can be developed into a mainstay attractions.
It is not impossible to be as goog as Telaga Sarangan in Magetan, East Java. This lake can even be a major gateway to various other tourist areas in Karanganyar Regency.
Tlogo Madirdo is located in Tlogo Hamlet, Berjo Village, Ngargoyoso Sub-district, Karanganyar Regency. Situated on the slopes of Mount Lawu with an altitude of about 900 m above the sea level, the location of this tourism potential is quite strategic. It is due to its close proximity to other mainstay attractions of Karanganyar Regency, such as Grojogan Sewu waterfall, Planggatan Site, Sukuh Temple, Jumok Waterfall, Parangijo and Cetho Temple. There are also a variety of retaurant along the road leading to Tlogo Madirdo, along the path of Karangpandan – Karanganyar, where the distance betwen Karangpandan with Tlogo Madirdo is approximately 5 kilometers.
To reach Tlogo Madirdo, visitors can go through two main route or one alternative path. The first route is to go through the gateway to Sukuh Temple and Cetho Temple, and toward the Jumok Waterfall, which is also located in Ngargoyoso District. The distance for the route is approximately 7 kilometers long.
Also, because of its location on the slopes of Mount Lawu, the condition of the road to to Tlogo Madirdo is quite steep and winding. However, this road condition is still quite safe and comfortable to be traversed either by private cars or by motorcycle. since the only public transportation option for this route is the Karangpandan – Ngargoyoso bus.
As for the second route to Tlogo Madirdo, it is by going through the Karang village, which is located at the 34th kilometer of the Solo – Tawangmangu highway. This route is fairly developed because it is also the major gateway to the area of Amanah Agro-tourism, which is located at approximately 1.5 km from the Solo – Tawangmangu highway.
From the gate of Amanah Agro-tourism area to Tlogo Madirdo, visitor must go through the regency class road as well as village class road, for approximately 5 km. The road conditions are not much different from the first route,which is quite steep and winding.
The third route or the alternative path is to go through the Grojogan Sewu route, through the village road of Tengklik Tawangmangu – towards the Berjo Village to Tlogo Madirdo. This route is an alternative route from the Grojogam Sewu -Tawangmangu direction.
Licensing and Financing
Minimum Service Standards Integrated Licensing Agency Karanganyar District as follows: Investment Opportunities