Jepara Regency

Jepara regency in which the capital is in Jepara Sub-district, is adjacent to the Java Sea in the west and north, to Pati and Kudus Regencies in the east, and to Demak Regency in the south. Jepara regency also includes Karimunjawa Islands which located in the Java Sea.

HISTORY

Long before the kingdom era in Java island, there was a group of people who are believed to come from the ​South Yunnan. They migrated south and inhabit the most northern end of the Java Island.

At that time, Jepara was still separated by Juwana strait.

The name JEPARA later comes from the words “Ujung Para”, “Ujung Mara” and “Jumpara”, later called Jepara, which means a settlement place for traders who trade to various regions. According to the "The New History of Tang Dynasty (618-906 AD)" book, in 674 AD a chinese traveler named ITsing had visited the land of Holing or Kaling or Kalingga, which was also called Java or Japa, the place was then believed to be located in Keling, at the east of the current Jepara. This country was ruled very firmly by a woman named Queen Shima.

According to a Portuguese writer named Tomé Pires in his book "Suma Oriental", Jepara has started to become known in the XV century (1470 AD) as a new small trade port that was only inhabited by 90-100 people and led by Aryo Timur and under the rule of Demak. Aryo Timur was replaced by his son named Pati Unus (1507-1521), who then build Jepara into a commercial city.

Pati Unus is known to be very persistent against Portuguese colonialism in Malacca, which was the most vital trade chain of the archipelago. After Pati Unus's death, he was succeeded by the brother in law of Faletehan/Fatahillah (1521 – 1536). Then in 1536 by the Demak authority-Sultan Trenggono-Jepara was handed over to his daughter and his son-in- law, Ratu Retno Kencono and Pangeran Hadirin (Ratu Retno Kencoro’s husband). After the death of Sultan Trenggono in a Military Expedition in Panarukan, East Java in 1546, there was a seizure of the throne of Demak Kingdom, which ended with the death of Prince Hadiri by Aryo Penangsang in 1549.

The death of the loved ones made Ratu Retno Kencono very grieved and left the life of the palace to meditate on the Danaraja Hill. After the killing of Aryo Penangsang by Sutowijoyo, Ratu Retno Kencono was willing to come down from the hermitage to her Kingdom, and inaugurated as the authority of Jepara, with the title of Nimas Ratu Kalinyamat.

During the reign of Queen Kalinyamat (1549-1579), Jepara rapidly developed into the main commercial city in Java Island, which serves export import. It also functionate as a Naval Base since the days of Demak Kingdom.

As a ruler of Jepara which were ‘gemah ripah loh jinawi’or very wealthy as a busy commercial city, Ratu Kalinyamat was also known as the patriotic Queen who is against colonialism. The Queen sent her fleet of warships to Malacca to attack the Portuguese, twice, in the year of 1551 and 1574.

Therefore, It is not an exaggeration for the Portuguese to call Ratu Kalinyamat as ‘Rainha de Jepara Senora de Rica’, which means the King of Jepara who is a very powerful and wealthy woman . The courageous attack of the Queen involved nearly 40 ships, with approximately 5,000 soldiers.

Unfortunately, the attack failed when the Kalinyamat troops conducted a ground attack in an attempt to surround and occupy the Portuguese stronghold in Malacca. The Portuguese army with full armament were managed to defeat the siege of Kalinyamat army.

Yet the Queen's Patriotism spirit never faded and frightened against the Portuguese colonizers, who in the 16th century were at the peak of their glory and recognized by the world for their bravery.

Twenty-four years later or on October 1574 to be exact, Ratu Kalinyamat sent her even-larger military fleet to Malacca. The second military expedition involved 300 ships of which 80 were large jung boats manned by 15,000 selected warriors. The dispatch of the second military fleet was led by the most important commander in the Kingdom, called Quilimo by the Portuguese.

Although the Kalinyamat soldiers also did not succeed in driving the Portuguese out from Malacca during this second war that was lasted for months, it has made the Portuguese fear and deterrent to deal with the Queen of Jepara; and, eventually, the entire Java Island got their independency from the Colonial Portuguese in the 16th century.

Historical relics about the great war between Jepara and the Portuguese, are kept in a Malaka cemetery complex in Malacca, which is called “the Tomb of the Javanese Army”. Furthermore, Ratu Kalinyamat was also very meritorious in cultivating the Art of Carving, which then become a mainstay of Jepara's economy, which is an assimilation of Majapahit carving art, combined with the sculpture of Patih Badarduwung, which originating from China.

According to historical records, Ratu Kalinyamat died in 1579 and was buried in the Mantingan Village, Jepara, right next to the tomb of her husband, Prince Hadirin. Considering the tremendous positive contribution of the Ratu Kalinyamat when she succeed to build Jepara into a strong, prosperous, and famous kingdom, Jepara’s Anniversary Day was then to commemorate the time she was first crowned as the ruler of Jepara, which is on April 10, 1549. The date has been marked as ‘Candra Sengkala Trus Karya Tataning Bumi’ which means ‘to continue the hard work to build the land.’

GEOGRAPHICAL CONDITIONS

Jepara regency is located in the eastern part of the north coastal road (Pantura) of central Jawa province, where the western and northern side is bounded by the sea. The eastern region of this regency is a mountainous area. Jepara regency also includes the Karimunjawa Islands, which is a group of islands of the Java Sea. The two largest islands are Karimunjawa Island and Kemujan Island.

The most part of Karimunjawa is protected as the Karimunjawa Marine Reserve. The crossing to the islands is served by ferrys which depart from the Jepara Port. There is also Dewandaru Airport in Karimunjawa, which were landed by aeroplane from Ahmad Yani Airport in Semarang.

ADMISNISTRATIVE AREA

The administrative area of ​​Jepara Regency covers 1,004.132 km 2 , with its coastline length of 72 km, consist of 14 sub-districts, which are divided into 183 villages and 11 administrative villages. The smallest area is the Kalinyamatan Sub-district (24.179 km 2 ), while the largest area is Keling Subdistrict (231.758 km 2 ). Most of the area is dry land, an area of 740.052 km2 (73.70%) and the rest is paddy land, amounted to 264.080 km 2 (26.30%).

Administratively, Jepara Regency is also divided into 5 regions, namely:

  • Central Jepara: Jepara, Tahunan
  • South Jepara: Welahan, Kalinyamatan
  • North Jepara: Karimunjawa, Mlonggo, Bangsri, Kembang, Donorojo, Keling
  • West Jepara: Kedung, Pecangaan
  • East Jepara: Batealit, Mayong, Nalumsari Pakis Aji

POPULATION

The total population of Jepara Regency in 2015 is 1,188,289 people (Source: BPS Jepara Regency).

The sex ratio between men and women in 2015 is 0.99; while the population growth in 2014-2015 is 0.30 percent, with a population density of 1,183 people per km 2 . EMPLOYMENT

The number of labor force in Jepara regency in 2015 was 602,188 people, with 583,388 of employed persons and 18,800 unemployed persons. Whereas, the non-labor force in 2015 was 281,645 people. The Minimum Wage of Jepara Regency in 2015 was 1,150,000 rupiah and increases to 1,350,000 rupiah in 2016.

ACHIEVEMENTS

The achievements obtained by Jepara Regency are as follows:

  1. Islamic Education Award (API) Year 2015, as the regency with the most care to Islamic education.
  2. Adipura Award for Middle-size city category Year 2015
  3. Adipura Award for Middle-size city category Year 2014
  4. Indonesia Green Region Award (IGRA) Year 2011

Potency

Jepara Regency is well known as the carving town since there are centers for woodcarving and handicraft Troso, which are famous across the world.

Furniture and woodcarving crafts are spreading evenly in almost every sub-districts with their respective expertise. The trading center is in Ngabul, Senenan, Tahunan, Pekeng, Kalongan and Pemuda. What is more, Jepara Regency has several industrial centers as follows:

  • The silk thread industry in Damarwulan
  • Embroidery industry in Nalumsari
  • Cigarette industry in Robayan
  • Bread industry in Bugo
  • Dry fish industry in Kedungmalang
  • “Horok-horok” (traditional food) industry in Bugel
  • Clay brick industry in Kalipucang Kulon

As for the agricultural sector, Jepara Regency is a producer of Patchouli Oil located in Sumanding sub-district. The others are durian fruit produced in Kecapi, Banana “Gedangan” in Gedangan, peanut in Kawak, Orange in Bategede, Mango “Krasak” in Krasak and Star fruit “Jingga Welahan” in Welahan.

Jepara Regency also has some export commodities as follows:

  • Children's wooden handcraft toys in Karanganyar
  • “Ikat Troso” weaving craft in Troso
  • Jepara woodcarving furniture industry. This kind of industry is widespread in almost all subdistricts of Jepara, except Karimunjawa
  • Art Relief in Senenan
  • Sculpture of the caged tiger in Mulyoharjo
  • Bamboo woven crafts in Kendengsidialit and Sidigede
  • Rattan craft in Telukwetan
  • Pottery craft in Mayong Lor

Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kubupaten_Jepara#Potensi

TOURIST DESTINATION

Karimunjawa

Karimunjawa is an archipelago in the Java Sea that belongs to Jepara Regency, Central Java. The land and water area are ​​about 1,500 ha and 110,000 ha, respectively. Karimunjawa has developed into a Marine Park tourism that began to gain the favorof a lot of local and foreign tourists.

The most commonly used transportation to Karimunjawa is the ship from Semarang and Jepara ports. The Kartini I boat (fast boat) departs every Saturday at 9 am from the Port of Tanjung Emas, Semarang to Karimunjawa, and returns from Karimunjawa every Sunday noon, in about 2-3 hours of crossing. There was also Muria ship (economic ship), which departs every two days from the Kartini Beach port, Jepara to Karimunjawa; it took about 6 hours to cross. The current crossing ferry si now Siginjai ship, which is faster and only takes about 4 hours to cross. The ship usually departs from Jepara port to Karimunjawa on every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday at 9 am, and then returns from Karimunjawa to Jepara on every Wednesday, Friday and Sunday at 8 am.

This schedule could change according to the weather or the height of the waves in the Java sea. In case of high waves occur, the port authorities will not grant a shipping permission, and the ship's departure schedule would then be changed referring to the existing weather condition. Cars and motorcycles can also be departed, crossing from Jepara Port to Karimunjawa. Whereas, air line can be reached from Ahmad Yani Airport, Semarang to Dewa Daru Airport on Kemujan Island by a charter plane, which is CASA 212, provided by PT. Nusa Permai Sea Tour (Turtle Resort); the travel time is approximately 30 minutes.

Karimunjawa sub-district has several natural tourism attractions, namely:

  • Shark Swimming pool in the Karimunjawa Village (Menjangan Besar Island)
  • Legon Lele in the Karimunjawa Village (Karimunjawa Island)
  • Love Hill in Jatikerep, Karimunjawa Village (Karimunjawa Island)
  • Nyamplungan Hill in the Karimunjawa Village (Karimunjawa Island)
  • oko Tuo Hill in the Karimunjawa Village (Karimunjawa Island)
  • Mangrove Forest track in the Kemojan Village (Kemujan Island)
  • Batu Karang Pengantin Beach in Karanglawang, Kemojan Village (Kemujan Island)
  • Ujung Gelam Beach in the Karimunjawa Village (Karimunjawa Island)
  • Batu Topeng Beach in the Karimunjawa Village (Karimunjawa island)
  • Barakuda Beach in the Kemojan Village (Kemujan Island)
  • Nirwana Beach in the Karimunjawa Village (Karimunjawa Island)

Source:

https: //id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kepulauan_Karimunjawa Long Island “Pulau Panjang”

The island has white sandy beaches with clear shallow aquatic sea water, surrounded by coral reef.

The central part of this island is a tropical forest with towering trees and interspersed by shrubs that are suitable for seabird breeding place.

The flora on this island is dominated by Kapuk tree, Javanese Asem, Dadap and Pines. Considering its natural landscape, the Long Island has the potential to be developed as a green lodge tourism through constructing a nature friendly lodgement that will also help to preserving the natural green ecosystem. Unfortunately, its development there has not been executed yet. In addition, there is the Tomb of Sheikh Abu Bakr in the Long Island that attracts many visitors who need adequate facilities to rest (such as resort, villa or lodging) at any time of their visit, either day or night. The tourist attraction currently available in Long Island are a “Barokah” freshwater spring, praying room, the tomb of Sheikh Abu Bakar, Tourism Boat Pier, food stall and trash bins that differentiate between the organic and inorganic trash.

Kartini Beach

Kartini Beach is a resort in Bulu, Jepara, Central Java. The beach is located at 2.5 km west of the Jepara Regent office hall. This 3.5 hectares of land area is situated in a strategic location since it functions as the marine transportation route to the National marine park attractions at Karimunjawa and to the Long Island resort. Furthermore, there is a traditional ceremony called Lomban at the Kartini Beach. This event is a Jepara community cultural event that lasted for 1 day on the Syawal 8th (in Islamic calendar) or a week after Eid al-Fitr celebration.

Kartini beach were also called “baths” because of the bath located at the western part of the Kartini Beach, that was originally believed to be a treatment for skin problems and rheumatic diseases.

There are also rides on the Kartini Beach, which are are Kura-Kura Ocean Park, Children's playground, Spoor Mini or mini trains, boats to Long Island resort, Ships to Karimunjawa resort, Encik Lanang Tomb, Giant Chessboard, the "KARTINI BEACH " giant inscription, the entertainment stage, the Aircraft of Indonesian National Air Force, “Kecek” Swimming pool and the Kartini monument.

Other existing facilities in the Kartini Beach are praying room, lodge, food stall, adequate parking, souvenir shop and WiFi.

Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pantai_Kartini

Tiara Park Waterboom

Tiara Park Waterboom is a tourist destination located in Kenari street, Purwogondo Village, Kalinyamatan Sub-district, Jepara district. Tiara Park is owned by TB. Mita Jaya. The direction to this Waterboom themepark from Demak/Semarang is to turn left after the Gotri junction towards Jepara for approximately 2 Km until reaching a fork and a mosque, then turn left (see the sign on the road) and follow the direction board. Whereas from Kudus, after the Gotri junction, goes straight towards Jepara and continue to the same direction from Demak/Semarang. The direction from Tayu (Pati)/Jepara to the attraction is to slowdown after the Kalinyamatan market and follow the direction on the signboard.

The rides in the Waterboom are as follows:

  • The flush ‘byur’ bucket
  • Lazy River
  • Tot's Pool
  • Kid's Pool
  • Family Pool
  • Olympic Swimming Pool
  • Waterball (bathing ball)
  • Slide Iguana
  • Outbound
  • Fantasy Game

Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiara_Park_Waterboom

LICENSE AND FINANCING

Board of Investment and Integrated Licensing Service of Jepara Regency (BPPT) is an organization formed by the Government of Jepara Regency based on Jepara District Regulation Number 18 year 2011. According to the regulation, BPPT Jepara Regency has a vision of the creation of investment services that support Jepara’s economic growth.

The mission:

  1. implementing promotion and investment coaching
  2. enhancing investment license services professionalism
  3. developing information system on licensing services investment
  4. implementing facilitation and cooperation in investment
  5. improving the quality of human resources to incarnate professional apparatus.

Address: Jalan Kartini No. 1 Jepara, Jawa Tengah 61215 Indonesia Telephone: +6291 - 595193 Fax: +6291 - 595193

Source: http://bpmpptjepara.info/

INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

The Development of Karimunjawa Tourism

The panorama in Karimunjawa islands are picturesque and attractive, but have not been managed optimally yet due to Jepara Regency’s budget limitation. Therefore, the Government is interested to invite investors in some projects.

Project Scope

  • Construction of new hotels and restaurants
  • Provision of facilities and infrastructure for land and water tourism Location Karimunjawa sub-district

Financial Aspect

The estimated investment value: Rp 15 billion

Supporting Infrastructure

  • picturesque and attractive panorama, such as beaches, hills, mangrove forests, marine life (fish and coral reefs)
  • Dewandaru Airport, charterable aeroplane available, such as “Susi Air” aeroplane • Ferry ports to Semarang and Jepara, “Bahari Expres” fast boat, “Siginjai” Ship
  • Roads and electricity

Contact Person

Arif Darmawan. S.Sos., MH.

Head of Investment Division

Board of Investment and Integrated Licensing Service of Jepara Regency (Badan Penanaman Modal dan Pelayanan Perizinan Terpadu Kabupaten Jepara)

Telephone/Fax: +62291 597153/+62291 598186

Mobile: +6281228473338

Email: bpmppt.jepara@gmail.com

Source: http://bpmd.jatengprov.go.id/peluang-investasi/pembangunan- object-wisatakarimunjawadi- kabupaten-jepara

Yarn Industry

The manufacture of “Troso” woven fabric in Jepara Regency has been hampered due to the high cost of threads since most of them are imported. The establishment of a yarn factory to produce the raw material is expected to reduce the production costs.

Project Scope

Construction of yarn factory to produce raw material of “Torso” woven fabric Location

Mayong sub-district

Resources Availability

The skilled labor are available.

Supporting Infrastructure

The road and power lines are available.

Contact Person

Arif Darmawan. S.Sos., MH.

Head of Investment Division

Board of Investment and Integrated Licensing Service of Jepara Regency (Badan Penanaman Modal dan Pelayanan Perizinan Terpadu Kabupaten Jepara)

Telephone/Fax: +62291 597153/+62291 598186

Mobile: +6281228473338

Email: bpmppt.jepara@gmail.com

www.bpmpptjepara.info

source: http://bpmd.jatengprov.go.id/peluang-investasi/industri- benang-dikabupaten- jepara

Geographical Location