Cilacap Regency is the largest area in Central Java, with the boundary of the southern part of the Indonesian Ocean, the northern border with Banyumas regency, Brebes regency and Kuningan regency in western Java Province while Kebumen regency in the east and Kabupaten Ciamis and Kota Banjar West Java to in western border.
It is located between 108 0 4-30 0 - 109 0 30 0 30 0 Longitude East and 7 0 30 0 - 7 0 45 0 20 0 South Latitude. It has an area of 225,360,840 Ha, which is divided into 24 sub districts 269 villages and 15 Urban Villages. The highest area is Dayeuhluhur Subdistrict with height of 198 M from sea level and the lowest area is Middle Cilacap Subdistrict with height of 6 M from sea level. The farthest distance from west to east 152 km from Dayeuhluhur Sub district to Nusawungu Sub district and from north to south along 35 km from South Cilacap to Sampang Subdistrict.
History of Cilacap Regency
1. The Kingdom of Java
The history search of the Javanese kingdom period began from the days of the Hindu Mataram kingdom until the Kingdom of Surakarta. At the end of the Majapahit Kingdom (1294-1478), the forerunner of Cilacap Regency was divided into areas of Majapahit Kingdom, Duke of Pasir Luhur and Pakuan Pajajaran Kingdom, which territory stretched from east to west:
- The area of Ki Gede Ayah and Ki Ageng Donan area under the reign of Majapahit Kingdom.
- The Kingdom of Nusakambangan and the Adipati Pasir Luhur region
- Pakuan Pajajaran Kingdom Area
According to Husein Djayadiningrat, after being attacked by Hindu Kingdom of Pakuan Pajajaran, Banten and Cirebon Islamic kingdoms lost in 1579, so the eastern part of Pakuan Pajajaran Kingdom was handed over to the Kingdom of Cirebon. Therefore, the entire region of Cilacap regency in the east was under the reign of the Islamic Kingdom Pajang and the west handed to the Kingdom of Cirebon.
Kingdom of Pajang replaced with Islamic Mataram Kingdom which was founded by Panembahan Senopati in 1587-1755, that is why the forerunner area of Cilacap Regency which originally under the authority of Pajang Islamic Kingdom handed over to Mataram Kingdom. In 1595, the kingdom of Mataram held an expansion to Galuh regency in the territory of Cirebon Kingdom.
According to the Dutch Company's diary at Benteng Batavia, February 21, 1682 a letter was received containing a translation of a land trip of Citarum, north of Karawang to Bagelen. The areas mentioned, which later be the forerunners of Cilacap Regency, were Dayeuhluhur and Limbangan.
2. Dutch Colonial Period
The establishment of Onder Afdeling Cilacap (two months after the resident Launy in charge) with Besluit Governor-General D.De Erens on July 17, 1839 No. 1, stated: "For the sake of a more presentable implementation of local government in the southern Banyumas and the development improvement of Cilacap port, then while waiting for the proposed organization of the southern districts to be part of it, one of the three Resident Assistance in Residency will hold the position in Cilacap ".
Since Banyumas South was considered too broad to be maintained by the Regent Purwokerto and Banyumas Regent then with Besluit dated June 27, 1841 No. 10 stipulated: Dayeuhluhur "Patenschap" is separated from Banyumas and ruled its own section, namely Cilacap section with capital of Cilacap, which became the position of Head of Bestuur Europe Assistant Resident and Head of Bestuur Native Rangga or Onder Regent. Thus the Native Government was named Onder Regentschap commensurate with Patih Head of Dayeuhluhur.
However the formation of the section met the wishes of the Regents of Purwokerto and Banyumas who have long wanted to reduce their respective domains with Patenschap Dayeuhluhur and Adiraja District. The boundary of Adiraja District along with Dayeuhluhur pattenschap formed Onder Regentschap Cilacap according to plan Resident Banyumas De Sturier dated March 31, 1831 stated as follows: From the mouth of the River Serayu upstream toward the midpoint of the height of Mount Prenteng. From there to the summit, descend to the southeast of the Kendeng mountains, to the summit of Mount Gumelem (Igir Melayat). From there, it goes to the south following the boundary of Banyumas Residency area to the sea. From there, it goes to the west along the coast to the mouth of the River Serayu.
From Adiraja District boundaries, it can be seen that the District of Adiraja as a forerunner of the former Kawedanan Kroya which greater than the former Kawedanan Tract, because at that time there was no Kalireja District, which was formed of subsections Adiraja District and as the District of Banyumas. So the area of Onder Regentschap Cilacap was still bigger than the breadth of Cilacap Regency now.
At the time of Resident Banyumas 9th Van de Moore proposed the Dutch government on October 3, 1855 signed by the Governor-General Duijmaer Van Tuist, the Colonial Minister Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Cabinet Sreserpt on December 29, 1855 No. 86, and a secret letter of the Minister of Colonial dated January 5, 1856 Number 7 / A was presented to the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.
The proposal of Cilacap district formation according to the colonial ministry had two meanings namely the Colonial Minister application for approval of the establishment of Cilacap Regency and bestir indigenous organizations and expenditure budget of more than F.5.220 per year that both require the approval of the King of Holland, after receiving confidential letter Colonial Minister Dutch government with the Governor General dated Besluit March 21, 1856 No. 21, among others, set Onder Regentschap Cilacap upgraded to Regentschap (Cilacap District).
In 2014 there were 1,685,573 people living in Cilacap Regency consisting of 844,565 male and 841,008 female populations. In 2015, the population in Cilacap Regency was 1,694,730 people consisting of 849,090 male populations and 845,640 female populations.
The number of population aged 15 years and over (age of workforce) in 2014 in Cilacap Regency was 780,345 people while in 2015 for people aged 15 years and over (labor force) in Cilacap District were 778,151 inhabitants. For Minimum Wage of Cilacap Regency are as follows:
The following is the percentage of population of Kabupaten Cilacap who is 10 years of age and based on the highest education attained.
The achievements of Cilacap Regency
- Cilacap regency won trophy Raksaniyata received by Cilacap Regent Tatto Suwarto Pamuji at the Vice President's Palace some time ago.
- This award is accepted, because Cilacap Regency is considered successful in supporting the program towards Green Indonesia. In this award, Cilacap Regency is the only regency in Java that received trophy Raksaniyata.
- In the field of artwork, Cilacap regency also won the National Champion II in the performance assessment of public works.
- For Central Java, Cilacap regency won the first prize in forest regent competition in order to support OBIT.
- The fourth award at the end of 2013, which was successfully achieved by Cilacap Regency, is the establishment of Cilacap Regency as the District of Cooperative Drivers, due to its success in shaping and mobilizing cooperatives.
Tourist Attractions in Cilacap Regency
Cilacap regency is one regency among 35 regencies / cities in Central Java with strategic geographic location. In the south, it is bordered by Indonesia's oceans, east along with Kebumen regency, north bordering Banyumas regency and west bordering with West Java province.
Having 225,361 hectares divided into 24 areas is the sub-districts with the largest area in Central Java and the area is divided into lowland and hills with a height of +6 meters above the sea level until the highest 198 meters above the sea level. With such natural conditions, Cilacap regency has a lot of natural and cultural tourism potential, scattered in all regions.
A. Turtle Bay Beach
Turtle Bay Beach is located inside the city of Cilacap, precisely in the Cilacap Urban village, Subdistrict of Cilacap Selatan. The tourism Object is a mainstay attractions owned by Cilacap Regency, the distance is very close to the Central Government / City Center is only about ± 2 km. The panorama of Nusakambangan Island and an oil tanker ship become the typical beach scene. The beach is sandy and overgrown with trees that provide a sense of shade for the visitors.
The beautiful Panoramic of the sea beach can be enjoyed by tourists not only at sunrise in the morning but also when the sun sets in the afternoon. Turtle Bay Beach which is located adjacent to a Tourism object of Pendem Fortress also can be found an oil processing plant owned by PT. Pertamina, where this location becomes a vital national object.
A variety of seafood and souvenirs can be found easily along the coast and always close to tourists who visit Turtle Bay beach from day to midnight.
B. Segara Anakan
Enjoy the unique nature of Segara Anakan and Nusakambangan and get an exciting adventure. Segara Anakan Cilacap is located behind Nusakambangan Island in Cilacap Regency. Segara Anakan is a unique lagoon on the southern coast of Java Island with mangrove swamp ecosystem (mangrove) which has the composition and the most complete forest structure in Java Island. Various components of biological resources in the form of flora, habitat of various species of fauna, terrestrial nature and aquatic landscapes that interact with one another form a unity of natural ecosystems.
Segara Anakan is part of the Nusakambangan area that shows a charming natural alloy. Segara Anakan and Nusakambangan are ideal natural tourist attractions. The landscape panorama and its uniqueness provide an amazing view. Enjoy the blend of beauty and uniqueness which full of exciting adventure nuances.
Department of Tourism and Culture of Cilacap Regency
Jl. A. Yani No. 8 Cilacap
Facebook: cilacap tourism
C. Fort Pendem
Fort Pendem Cilacap or in Dutch is called "KUSBATTERIJ OP DE LANTONG TE TJILATJAP" is located 0.5 Km to the south of Turtle Bay beach attraction. Pendem Castle building has a solid configuration, including barracks / space soldiers, clinics, tunnels, prisons, space ammunition, firing space surrounded by fences and trenches and buried the ground as deep as 1-3 meters.
It was built by the Royal Dutch Army from 1861 to 1879 for the Dutch defense against enemy attacks from both inside and outside until 1942. On August 14, 1945 the Dutch surrender unconditionally to the allied army. Aggression II in 1950, the Dutch came back by hitch-hiking the allied troops. In 1952 -1962, it became the headquarters of banteng loreng unity of Central Java and in the year 1962-1965 became the landing place of RPKAD (Resimen Para Komando Angkatan Darat - the Regiment of Army Commando) troops.
On November 26, 1986, the fortress was restored and on 28 April 1987 up to now is open as a tourist attraction. The name of the fortress, which is about 6.5 hectares, is called as Fort Pendem by the community. It is based on the physical of the building of the fortress; most of the top of the buildings are covered with soil or buried. The fort built by Dutch army, is equipped with enemy scout fortress at the top and surrounded with a defense fortress also equipped with 13 canons.
The fort is also surrounded by a trench width of 18 meters, depth of 3 meters serves to inhibit the speed of the enemy as well as for patrol the Dutch army with bridge construction equipped with 14 rooms of army barracks. Each room consisting of one door and window, meeting room officers, dungeons / Tunnel with 4 doors, prison room, ammunition room, weapons room, accommodation room, health room, well, warehouse building, reconnaissance building and trench building. It is said that Pendem Fort has been found more or less 102 rooms consisting of approximately 60 rooms in the form of rest rooms, barracks headquarters, meeting rooms. This tourist attraction is also equipped with several facilities such as: Rest area, Gazebo, Swing, Fishing Pool and out bond. Inside the Fortress, there are also deer that are allowed to roam freely within the castle. The Deer is increasing every year so it can be an attraction for tourists while feeding the deer.
D. Goa Masigitsela
Goa Masigitsela or Masigitsela Cave is a large hole and far in the frown of the earth because of the natural process concerned for too long that produces stalagmites and stalactites inside the cave and makes the cave look wonderful. Goa Masigitsela has a variety of uniqueness beside the mouth of the cave facing east or opposite to the direction of Qibla. Stalagmite stalk and stalactites that adorn the mouth of the cave form a beautiful ornament along with its pillars. If it is seen at a glance, this cave is similar to the entrance of the mosque building, therefore some people call Goa Masigitsela as a Cave of Sunan Kalijaga and Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwana for it has a number of stairs located in the mouth of the cave, there is also a bedug, there are also springs to take water ablution in the cave.
The meaning of Masigitsela is a mosque made of sidelines or stone. One of the stalagmite beauties of golden yellow and elongated shape similar to the mattress so that some people call it as the mattress of the prophet sulaiman and there is a stalagmite that forms a basin like a crock called pedangan penggawa and stone wall that separates penggawa pedagogy known as Aji Saka hermitage. It is believed if one is able to embrace the pole aji saka then his desire will be answered.
To get to Goa Masigitsela can be reached from several directions, people coming from West Java can use a water vehicle (boat / boat) can stop in Klaces for a while then proceed with a small boat or walk to the cave approximately 30 minutes and if it is reached from Cilacap through Sodong pier towards Klaces Village or by land route through the road at Nusakambangan from Sodong up to Goa Masigitsela.
Licensing and Financing
Licensing in Cilacap Regency can be done at the office of the Integrated Licensing Service of Cilacap Regency located at Jalan Kalimantan No. 74 Cilacap, Central Java - Phone: (0282) -541727, 542909, Fax. (0282) -541727
Investment Opportunity of Cilacap Regency
A. Rawa Bendungan Tourism
Cilacap Regency is a fishery center in Central Java. Fisheries business activities include marine fishery business and general fishery business, as well as business activities of fish farming in ponds, fishponds and cages. The center of terrestrial fisheries is centered in Maos Subdistrict, both hatcheries and enlargement. Cilacap Regency has the potential of Rawa Bendungan with an area of 125 Ha which is not utilized optimally since it has been utilized less than 10% from almost 14.000 total potential lands. Rawa Bendungan Tourism is located on the side of the road that has been asphalted and located approximately 500 meters from the national road (lane south of Java).
Rawa Bendungan Tourism is projected to be utilized as culinary and recreation center and fish cultivation, especially carp fish that is very abundant in Cilacap regency. The concept of utilization of the swamp of the dam offered is the creation of a culinary center of recreation on the side road of the swamp confronting the road and the utilization of some swamps (assuming 10% swamp area) for carp cultivation activities with KJA system (Karma Floating Net).
Rawa Bendungan Tour is currently not well maintained so that many weeds thrive in the middle of the swamp. Swamp water is relatively stable throughout the season. A small portion of the swamp is used for the cultivation of terrestrial fisheries by surrounding communities and the water source of the PDAM (Water Utilities).
The potential of natural resources in this region is very supportive for the development of freshwater fish farming especially carp because of the availability of a very adequate source of water coming from the irrigation channels that flows throughout the year, as well as the fertile soil conditions. It has adequate infrastructure facilities, inter-district highways, transportation, communication and information facilities and availability of production facilities.
Rawa Bendungan Tourism is located on the side road of an asphalted sub-district road and is located approximately 500 meters from the national road (the southern route of Java), starting from East Java, Yogyakarta, Bandung and Jakarta. The total production of carp at the center of the terrestrial fisheries in Cilacap Regency is currently only in the range of 75 tons per month and it can be seen that not many of conventional grilled-fish stalls around the road.
In Cilacap regency itself, at present time, there are no culinary places that specifically provide a menu of grilled fish, whereas in the Cilacap region is the largest center of freshwater fish producers, especially carp. In addition, market demand of Jakarta for more than 20 tons per day cannot be fulfilled. Such circumstances are very supportive for the optimizing process of Rawa Bendungan Tourism.
Based on the analysis of financial feasibility, it can be concluded that the optimization of Rawa Bendungan Tourism is feasible to be run in Cilacap Regency, because with initial investment of Rp. 25,000,000,000, -, 15 years of business and 16% interest rate will result in a positive Net Present Value (NPV) of Rp. 23,417,334,212, - and the Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of 38.75% which is higher than the specified interest rate. In addition within 3 years 12 days, the initial investment can be returned.
B. Brackish Forest Tourism
Besides the beach, Cilacap City is famous for its forest area, one of which is the brackish forest of Cilacap. The tourism forest is located in Tritih Subdistrict. North Cilacap Subdistrict has an area of 10 hectares where most of its territory is a swamp area. Since it was opened in 1990, this tourist area became one of the interesting tourist destinations in Cilacap. There are plenty of visitors come to visit this place especially on Sundays and public holidays.
But unfortunately the condition of Brackish forest is now threatened to lose its beauty. Some of the damage can be seen; like a broken path to walk through the forest, the loss of a bridge splitting the forest and the only remaining mangrove roots. Substation view of the water tourism dock was gone, there is no effort to manage the tourist area to improve this facility. The garbage heap makes it even much worse.
The concept of tourism in this brackish forest we can enjoy a row of mangroves on the right and left side along the road. The walkways make visitors easier to enjoy the mangrove forest. One of typical rides at the tourism of brackish woods is Jembatan Mesra, which it cleaves the mangrove forest. Besides that, some various fauna such as fish and crab can also be found in this place. At the far end of the mangrove forest, there is a large field that can be used as a place of art events, in addition there is also a special port to serve the tourists who want to get around the view of the brackish forest using a boat.
The potential of natural resources in this region is very supportive to be developed as a place of recreation, especially the mangrove forest tourism because of the availability of extensive source of mangrove plant with its diversity of species. It has adequate infrastructure, transportation, communication and information facilities and recreational facilities.
Cilacap regency is one of the districts in Central Java that has potential in the field of tourism. Brackish Forest in Tritih Village, North Cilacap Sub-district, managed by PEMKOT (the city administration) of Cilacap and Perum Perhutani (State Forest Company), is one of tourism objects in Cilacap Regency which has good potential as a regional asset.
Brackish Forest is one of nature tourism areas located in production forest area. Mangrove Forest Development becomes a natural tourist object intended to utilize the potential of natural resources to support tourism business. Besides to be a place of recreation, development of Brackish Forest Tritih intended to be a means of education and science as well as foster a sense of love environment.
In addition to, Brackish forest tourism is visited by tourists either from the surrounding community or by students from various universities in Indonesia who want to examine the mangrove forest. Because this forest has 18 species of mangrove trees, such as bakaubandul, bajau tancang, sukun tancang, and other mangrove species.
Based on the financial feasibility analysis, it can be concluded that the brackish forest tourism feasible (feasible) to be implemented in Cilacap regency, because with an initial investment of Rp. 11.600.000.000, - age of 10 years and interest rate of 18% will generate a positive Net Present Value (NPV) of Rp. 1.982.984.419, - and the Internal Rate of Return (IRR) 22% higher than the specified interest rate. Comparison ratio of benefit income with cost ratio (cost) is also positive that is equal to 4,77. In addition to within 4 years 6 months of initial investment can be returned.
C. Brown Sugar Industry
Coconut sugar or often referred to as brown sugar is the sugar obtained from the concentration of coconut juice done by vaporization. In Cilacap Regency, coconut sugar production material in the form of coconut is very easy to get. Coconut is a cultivated plant that can be found in the yard of every house
The potential of brown sugar in Indonesia is supported by large area of coconut plantation. Indonesia with the largest coconut area in the world reaches 3,707 million ha (31.2% of total area 11,909 million ha), followed by Philippines with 3,077 thousands ha (25,8%), India 1,908 thousand ha (16,0% ), Sri Lanka covering 442 thousand ha (3.7%), Thailand with 372 thousand ha (3.1%) and other countries of 2,398 thousand ha (20.2%). The demand of coconut sugar in domestic and abroad is only about 50%, this is due to quality, quantity and continuity constraints. In general, brown sugar made from Indonesia has begun to be marketed abroad such as Japan, Netherlands, USA, Singapore and Taiwan.
Indicators of Business Investment Feasibility Sugar Scale of Craftsmen, Small Collectors (Group), Large Traffickers (Exporters)
D. Betonies Mining
The distribution of betonies commodities based on field observations covers approximately 5% with an area of 107.5 hectares. The location of this commodity is mostly located in the village of Sindangbarang, another one is in the southern village of Tayem. The betonies mine commodities present as clay lithology which is in the formation of the halang, with contour elevation of 81-96 mdpl. Bentonite in most cases is not really in a good condition because many surface conditions covered by landslides with high intensity. The conditions around these betonies are a community garden planted with cassava, banana, rice and some coconut trees.
Calculation of reserves of betonies mining commodities in the research area using direct calculation method using map info software which has been combined with discover software.
The following calculations of inferred reserves of betonies mining commodities are:
Volume (Based on MapInfo) : 15.041.326,522 m 3
Percentage of Bentonite being mined : 40.5%
Weight Type : 2.4 tons / m3
Based on the final calculation, hypothetical reserves (inferred) of betonies mining commodity in Karangpucung sub-district, Cilacap regency, Central Java is 14,620,169.37 tons.
Economic Value of Betonies Karangpucung
Below is assumption of analysis of general economic value of betonies mining commodity in Karangpucung Subdistrict
Deposit : 14,620,169.37 tons
Price / Ton : 32 $ or Rp. 310.400 (Exchange Rate $: Rp 9.700)
Potential : Deposit x Price: 14.620.169,37 x Rp. 310.400: Rp. 4.538.100.572.448
The above figures are the assumptions of calculations based on inferred reserves where the hypothetical resources that are required to be carried out in more detail exploration with systematic drilling, as well as the total cost calculation. Based on the above data, the potential of betonies is very large and feasible follow up.
E. Mining Trass
The distribution of Trass mining commodity in research area (Geological coverage of Cimanggu sub-district) is 31% with an area of approximately 619 hectares, where its distribution is spread in some villages, eastern of Bantarmangu village, West Mandala village, Panimbang village in the northeast, and the southern village of Cibalung.
Trass Commodities in research is located on the cliffs of village roads and hilly sites, with elevation ranging from 151-181 mdpl (meters above sea level). Where the vegetation is still original and only some of the community garden is dominated by cassava plants.
Based on the calculation using MapInfo and discover software, we get the calculation of the inferred reserves of Trass mining commodities as follows:
Volume (Base on MapInfo) : 93.276.957,625 m 3
Percentage Bentonite mined : 35%
Weight Type : 2.3 ton / m 3
Based on the final calculation, the hypothetical reserves (inferred) of the Trass mining commodity in Cimanggu sub-district, Cilacap regency, Central Java is 75,087,950.89 tons.
Trass Economic Value in District Cimanggu
Here are some assumptions on the general economic value of tress usage:
Allotment of Trass for cement
Utilization of Trass for landfill