Brebes Regency

Brebes Regency, in which its capital also named Brebes (Sub-district), is one of the regencies in Central Java Province. Brebes is the most populous and the second most largest regency after Cilacap Regency in the Central Java, with the total area is 1,902.37 km². The regency is adjacent with Java Sea in the north, with Cilacap Regency and Banyumas Regency in the south, with Cirebon Regency and Kuningan Regency in the west, and with Tegal Regency and Tegal City in the east. The motto of this regency is Brebes Berhias, meaning ornamented, in which the acronym of Bersih/Clean, Hijau/Green, Indah/Beautiful, Aman/Safe and Sehat/Healthy.


Brebes is derived from the words of "bara" and "basah” (wet); bara means a vast expanse of land and wet means a lot of water. Both are compatible with the Brebes area which is a vast watery land.

Since the words of bara is pronounced “bere”, while wet is pronounced “besah”, then for the ease of pronounciation purpose, it is called Brebes, which in Javanese, the words of Brebes or mbrebes means “tansah metu banyune” or the land that always leaking out water.

The Brebes name begins since the era of Mataram Kingdom. The regency is parallel with other seaside towns, such as Pekalongan, Pemalang and Tegal. Brebes at that time was part of Tegal Regency.

On 17 January 1678 in Jepara, there was a meeting of the Adipati/Duke of Mataram in Central Java, including Arya Martalaya, the Adipati of Tegal and Arya Martapura, the Adipati of Jepara. There was a quarrel between the two Adipati at that meeting at that time, due to disagreement on how The King, Sri Amangkurat II and the Dutch join forces -especially on the exterminating of the Trunajaya rebellion- with the exchange of the ownership of some the Mataram kingdom’s lands. The argument between Adipati Arya Martalaya and Adipati Arya Martapura escalated into a bloody fight and they both killed by each other. This event signified the beginning of The Brebes Regency under the authority of its own regent because the next day after the bloody incident, on 18 January 1678, Sri Amangkurat II, who was also in Jepara at that time, appointed new Adipati/dukes/regents as the replacement of the fallen Dukes.

The Brebes Regency was then became an independent regency with Arya Suralaya, who is the younger brother of the late Adipati Arya Martalaya appointed as its regent. The appointment of Arya Suralaya designated the division of Tegal Regency into two parts, which were eastern area as Tegal Regency and western area as Brebes Regency.


The regency of Brebes is located in the northern most western part of the Central Java Province, between coordinates 108° 41'37.7 "- 109° 11'28.92" E and 6° 44'56'5 "- 7 ° 20'51,48 S and directly adjacent to the ​​West Java Province. Brebes Regency has tropical climate where the average rainfall are 18.94 mm per month. These conditions make the area highly potential for the development of agricultural products, such as rice crops, horticulture, plantation, fishery, animal husbandry and so forth.

Brebes is a fairly large regency in the Central Java Province. Most of the area is lowland. The southwestern area is a plateau (with its peak, Mount Pojoktiga and Mount Kumbang), while the southeastern area is mountainous and it is a part of foot of the Slamet Mount.

The administrative area of ​​Brebes Regency is divided into 17 sub-districts, consisting of 292 villages and five administrative villages, covering 166.117 hectares consisting of five sub-districts that are coastal areas, nine lowland sub-districts, and three highland or hilly sub-districts.

The majority of Brebes Regency’s residents speak in javanese language that has a characteristic that is unique from the other regions, called the Brebes’ Java language. However, there is also facts that: some Brebes residents speak in Sundanese and many names of places in Brebes are also named with Sundanese, all which indicate that in the past Brebes was a part of the Sunda region. The areas that are mostly speak Sundanese or commonly called Sundanese Brebes include Salem, Banjarharjo and Bantarkawung sub-districts, and a few in the villages in Losari, Tanjung, Kersana, Ketanggungan and Larangan sub-districts.


The population of Brebes Regency in 2015 was around 1,781,380 people, with 895,210 male and 886,170 female. The sex ratio between men and women in Brebes Regency is 1.01 with a population density of 1,075 people per km 2 .


The education facilities from elementary schools to senior high schools have been equally distributed throughout Brebes Regency. There are also several universities, colleges, and academy, such as Muhadi Setiabudi University (UMUS), Brebes Islamic College (STAIB), The University of “Peradaban” (Civilization), Widya Manggalia School of Economics, YPBHK Brebes Midwifery Academy and Al-Hikmah Nursing Academy. The number of school facilities in Brebes Regency is quite impressive: 1,423 units, which were 1,091 of elementary schools, 216 of junior high schools, 57 of high schools and 59 of vocational schools, just in the academic year of 2011/2012.


There are various business potentials in Brebes Regency, such as tourism, salted egg and red onion.

Since most of the Brebes Regency’s resident work in agriculture, one of the potencies of tourism in Brebes is agro tourism industry. The Kaligua Tea Plantation Tour for one, which is a highland agrotourism, located in Pandansari Village of Paguyangan sub-district. We will dig this place deeper in the Tourism Site section later.

The next business potential is the production of Telor Asin Brebes (Brebes’ Salted Egg). Telor Asin is a Brebes typical food and its production can be found along the Brebes part of Pantura road.

Brebes Salted Eggs is actually salted duck eggs, made by burriying it with a mixture of salt and soil or crushed brick. This salting process usually takes days to maintain the quality standard and the saltiness taste of the eggs, hence, Brebes is also well known as the city of salted eggs.

Salted eggs have long been known throughout Java Island. Basically, there are only two kinds of salted eggs produced by Brebes, namely salted eggs cooked by roasting process and salted eggs cooked by boiling process. The different is that the roasted salted eggs could last longer therefore have more shelf life and tasted beter than the boiled salted eggs. The price of these roasted salted eggs, however, is quite expensive, because of its premium quality.

Beside the salted eggs, Brebes is also famous for its onion products. Nearly 60% of all Brebes farmers grow onion as their main crop commodity. One of the superior varieties of Brebes onion ~that many farmers grow~ is “Bima” type. This native local variety’s capacity of production could reach up to 10 tons of dry bulbs per hectare in one harvest time, with harvest losses of about 15 - 22%.

Compared to other onion varieties in Indonesia, such as the “Medan” type is that widely planted in Samosir, North Sumatra and the “Keling” type, grown in the region of Majalengka - West Jawa province, then Bima is far superior, both from the production capacity and the period of time to harvest. “Bima” Brebes onion can be harvested after just 60 days, while other types of onion need at least 70 days to harvest. Also, other of types of onion plant can'only' produce 7 – 8 tons of dry bulb per hectare in one harvest time. Therefore, “Bima” onion variety is very suitable to be planted in lowland areas, but with the number of tillers in one clump reaches 7 - 12 pieces, it will be vulnerable to roting rot disease as well.


a. Randusanga Indah Beach

Located in Randusanga Kulon, in Brebes Sub-district, 7 km from Pantura main road of Brebes. Along the Randusanga road, visitor will find many vast and wide onion plantations. Getting closer to the beach, visitors will start to see many brackish water fishponds that are generally used to cultivate milk fish and seaweed.

On the site, Visitor will come across the pristine panorama of Randusanga Beach, equipped with sea bathing fasilities, children's fun game facilities (waterboom), fun stage, grass track motor racing arena, camping ground, café, grilled seafood serving restaurants and stands that sells souvenirs of Brebes, such as salted eggs and onions. Later in the afternoon, visitors can also enjoy the sunset panorama at the horizon of Randusanga beach.

b. Malahayu Reservoir

This tourist attraction is located in Malahayu Village, Banjarhajo Sub-district, approximately 6 Km from Banjarharjo or about 17 Km from three-junction in Tanjung crossing Pantura. The reservoir was built in 1930 by the Dutch in an area of ​​about 944 ha, surrounded by panoramic mountains and teak forests that this place perfect as a wide camping site or tourist spot. There are several small islands at the center of reservoir which became favorite location for anglers and keramba keepers. There are also some Malahayu typical ceramic craftsmen can be found around the reservoir.

Other than the beautiful natural scenary, the facilities available include children's swimming pool, children's playground, water bikes, motorboat cruise, open outdoor stage and a large parking area.

There are always event enlivened with dangdut music on every Eid Fitr celebration or during the week of Eid Fitr Holiday Festivities. At other special moments, there are also events such as boat racing events, fishing competitions, and more.

c. Kaligua Agro-Tourism

The tea plantation itself was founded in 1899 by Cultuure Ondeneming in Netherlands. The plantation here produce black tea in which is 90% of its products are exported and only the other 10% are for the local market. Now, this agro-tourism is Kaligua Tea Plantation is owned by PTP Nusantara IX, which covers 779 ha of land on the slopes of Mount Slamet at an altitude of 1500 m above sea level. The exact location is in Kaligua Village, Pandansari Village, Paguyangan Sub-district, Brebes.

The site is so vast it spreads over hills and valleys. The cool mountain air create the atmosphere of comfort and freshness perfect for a relaxing getaway or a place for a walk with family, enjoying the clean and pollution-free air and scenary.. Kaligua Agro Tourism also has facilities to complete the experience such as an outbond game arena, resting place, Homestay & Cafe, camping ground and more. Furthermore, after a bit of uphill walk inside, vistor can find a cool and refreshing spring named Tuk Bening, which has seven or ‘Pitu’ hidden waterfalls.

d. ‘Telaga’ Ranjeng or Lake Ranjeng

This tourism site is a natural lake situated in a protected forest area of ​​approximately 10 km towards the Kaligua Tea Factory. This lake is filled with thousands and thousands of catfish that are sacred and should not be taken nor eaten. It is said in the believed folklore in this area that for those who violate the taboo and take the catfish from this lake will be cursed to be exposed to disasters.

However, it is permissible if visitors wish to feed these catfish. the catfish seemed to able to sense the intention and swim towards the person, and even swim up to the land to get the food.


Phone number: + 62283-671026 / + 62283-671026

Fax number: + 62283-671026

Website Address:

Email: -

Person who head the Office: Drs. Ratim

Office Location Coordinates :

Latitude: 6 ° 52 '25.66' 'S

Longitude: 109 ° 2 '32.95' 'E


a. The development of Mangrove Ecotourism

The natural potential in the north coastal area of ​​Brebes Regency is a mangrove forest, worthy to be developed as an ecotourism destination. The development of ecotourism is also supported by the potential of human resources that have strong community institutions and quite good tourism awareness groups.

Project Scope

The development of floating restaurant and recreational rides.


Sigempol Hamlet in Randusanga Kulon Sub-district, Brebes Regency.

Financial Aspect

Estimated investment value: Rp 9 Billion.

Investment Scheme

Cooperation with Brebes Regency Government.

Contact Person

Cholisoh, SE, M.Si

Head of Investment Division

Regional Development Planning Agency of Brebes Regency (Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah/BAPPEDA Kabupaten Brebes)

Jl. Jend. Sudirman No. 159 Brebes

Phone/Fax: + 62283-671821 / + 62283-672429

Mobile: +6281575056222

Email: /

b. Seaweed Processing Industry

Brebes Regency has a coastal length of 57 km in the area of ​​Pantura, in which supported 12,748.16 ha of brackish water fish ponds. Some of the farmer in the area have use the fish ponds to cultivate glacelaria sp which is a seaweed commodity, called agarofit (jelly). This type of seaweed has a pretty good financial prospect because it has been and is still continuously demanded by the food, pharmaceuticals, paints, textiles, paper, cosmetics, and even more industry. Unfortunately, a lot of these demands have not been able to be fulfilled since the technology that the farmers use are still simple technology. In order to fulfil those industrial demands thus to increase the added value of the seaweed commodity, the cultivation of the seaweed should be followed by the development of its processing industry.

Project Scope

The construction of a seaweed-processing factory


Randusanga Kulon, Randusanga Wetan and Kaliwlingi Village of Brebes Sub-district.

Resources Availability

Randusanga Kulon Village has a seaweed cultivation pond of 400 Ha, with the average annual seaweed yield of 12,000 tons of wet or 2,080 dry tons. While the Randusanga Wetan Village has seaweed cultivation ponds of 291.75 Ha, with the average annual seaweed yield of 8,752.5 tons of wet or 1,487.84 dry tons. The next area of ​​seaweed cultivation pond will be developed in Kaliwlingi Village in an area of 1,500 Ha.

Contact Person

Cholisoh, SE, M.Si

Head of Investment Division

Regional Development Planning Agency of Brebes Regency (Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah/BAPPEDA Kabupaten Brebes)

Jl. Jend. Sudirman No. 159 Brebes

Phone/Fax: + 62283-671821 / + 62283-672429 Mobile: +6281575056222 Email: /

c. The development of Industrial Estate

Industrial estate is an infrastructure that is needed to promote the economic development in the industry and trade sectors. Brebes Regency has the potency to build an industrial estate because of its strategic location that is accessible, on the periphery of the north coast of Java (Pantura).

Project Scope

  • The procurement of the land for lease/sale so that businesses could design and build themselves.
  • The construction of minimal pollution factories/warehouses for rent/sale.
  • The provision of mess/dormitory, health facilities, praying facilities, sports, entertainment, shopping centre, culinary and banking centre.
  • The development of an Integrated Wastewater Treatment Plant (IPAL)
  • The development of self owned Power Station (independent)
  • The provision of clean fresh water resources


Cimohong Village, Bulakamba Sub-district, with an area ± 100 Ha of land owned by the local community in an estimated price of 200,000 - 400,000 rupiah per m 2 .

Financial Aspect

Estimated investment value: Rp 250 billion

Internal Rate of Return (IRR): 29%

Payback Period: 4.12 years

Investment Scheme

100% Private Investment

Contact Person

Cholisoh, SE, M.Si Head of Investment Division

Regional Development Planning Agency of Brebes Regency (Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah/BAPPEDA Kabupaten Brebes)

Jl. Jend. Sudirman No. 159 Brebes

Phone/Fax: + 62283-671821 / + 62283-672429

Mobile: +6281575056222

Email: /


Geographical Location