Boyolali Regency

In the written source of the Majapahit period, the name of Rembang has been mentioned in the Kitab NegaraKertagama ‘The Book of NegaraKertagama’ in Pupuh XXI as follows: "...

Descending across the fields, running towards Jaladipa, Talapika, Padali, Arnon and Panggulan directly to Payaman, Tepasana to the direction of Rembang until Kemirakan that located on the shore of the ocean". However, there is not enough clear and precise evidence about the existence of Rembang as a city or region that has been self-governing or as a part of Majapahit Kingdom since the written evidence do not mention about the activities of Rembang as a city or local government.

Nevertheless, from several sources both from Indonesia and abroad mention the coastal cities on the North Coast of Java. Antonia Pigafetta, a sailor from Italy, who had traveled to several places in Indonesia, in his travel record on January 26 to February 11 has mentioned several names of cities in the region. He told the important cities, such as Majapahit, Mentraman, Djapara, Sedayu, Gersik, Surabaya and Bali. Rembang together with other coastal cities in Java also appeared in written sources of Tome Pires (1512-1515), he wrote:

“Now comes java and we must speak of the King within the hinterland. The land of Cherimon (Cherobaan), the land Jayapura, the land of Losari (Locari), the land of Tegal (Tegeguall), the land of Semarang (Camaram), the land of Demak (Demma), Tidunan (Tudumar), the land of Japara, the land of Rembang (Remee), the land of Tuban (Toban), the land of Sidayu (Cedayo), the land of Gresee (Agacij), the land of Surabaya (Curubaya), the land of Gamta, the land of Blambangan, the land of Pajarakan (Pajarucam), the land of Camta, the land of Panaruakan (Panarunca), the land of Chamdy, and when when is ended we will speak of the great island of Madura”.

Other sources about Rembang obtained from a manuscript/writing that does not published by Mbah Guru ‘great teacher’, mentioned among other: “kira-kira tahun Syaka 1336, ada orang Campa Banjarmlati berjumlah delapan keluarga yang pandai membuat gula tebu ketika ada di negaranya…” which means ‘...about the year of Shaka 1336, there were eight families from Campa Banjarmlati who are good at making sugar cane when they were in their country ...’. The people had moved to make the brown sugar that could not be broken, through the ocean to the west and landed around the river, which on the left and right of the edges grew mangrove trees. The journey was led by the grandfather, Pow Ie Din; after landing, they held a prayer and meditation and began to cut down the mangrove trees that continue by the other people. The field was then made up of moor and yard and houses that subsequently developed as a village called “kampung: KABONGAN”. The word for Kabongan was taken from a calling name of a mangrove tree, becoming Ka-bonga- an (Kabongan). Then on one day, at dawn in the month of Waisaka, people would start to “ngrembang” (mbabat, Indonesia: memangkas ‘trim’) sugar canes. Prior to the commencement of ‘mbabat’, people held a holy ceremony of sembahyang ‘praying’ and semedi ‘meditation’ in a cane clump and cut two cane trees for "Penganten" ‘bride’ sugarcane. The ceremony is called "ngRembang sakawit". The event was the beginning of the word of "ngrembang" and since that time, used as the name of the city of Rembang.

According to Mbah Guru, the ceremony ngRembang sakawit is held on Wednesday Legi, when people sang Kidung, Sunday Kasadha, Waisaka Month, Saka Year 1337 with Candra Sengkala: Sabda Tiga Wedha Isyara ‘The Three Wedha Isyara Word.

GEOGRAPHY

Rembang BANGKIT (Happy, Safe, Comfortable, Gotong-royong ‘mutual cooperation’, Hard work, Faith, Takwa ‘Godly’), is a regency in Central Java Province bordering on Rembang Bay (Java Sea) in the north, Tuban Regency (East Java) in the east, Blora Regency in the south, and Pati Regency in the west. Geographically located at the northeastern end of Central Java Province and traversed the Java North Coast Road (Pantura Line), on the coordinate line 111 o 00 '- 111 o 30' E and 6 o 30'- 7 o 6' S. Rembang Regency is directly adjacent to East Java Province, making it the gateway to the east of Central Java Province, the border area with East Java is Sarang Sub-district. The southern part of Rembang Regency is a hilly area, part of the Northern Limestone Mountains, with its peak of Mount Butak (679 meters). In the northern part, there is a hill with its peak of Lasem Mountain (806 meters) The area is now protected as the Butak Mountain Nature Reserve.

Rembang Regency with an area of ​​101,408 Ha encompasses of paddy fields of 29,058 Ha (28.65%), non-rice fields of 39,938 Ha (39.38%) and non-agricultural land of 32,412 Ha (31.96%). Viewed from the area utilization, the largest land is moor by 32.94 percent, forest 23.45 percent and rain-fed rice fields by 20.08 percent. According to the Land Affairs Office of Rembang Regency, about 11,973 Ha are located at an altitude of 0-7 m above sea level (asl), 56,197 Ha at an altitude of 8-100 m asl, 28,688 Ha at an altitude of 101-500 m asl and 3,112 Ha at an altitude of over 500 m asl.

The number of rainfall during 2013 is relatively higher compared to the previous year. During 2013, the highest rainfall occurred in Sulang Sub-district as much as 2,305 mm, while for the rainiest day occurred in Bulu Sub-district as much as 131 days. Administrative Border

  • North: Java Sea
  • East: Tuban Regency, East Java Province
  • West side: Pati Regency
  • South: Blora Regency

Distance to some other cities in Java:

  • Jakarta: 594 km
  • Bandung: 476 km
  • Semarang: 111 km
  • Surabaya: 203 km
  • Surakarta: 213 km
  • Tuban: 115 km
  • Pati: 36 km
  • Kudud: 60 km
  • Blora: 37 km
  • Grobogan: 108 km

Rembang Regency is divided into 14 sub-districts, 287 villages and 7 administrative villages. The largest sub-district is Sale Sub-district (10,714 ha) followed by Bulu Sub-district (10,240 ha).

Topography

With the total area of 101.408 Ha, Rembang Regency is one of wider ​Regency compared to other regencies/cities in Central Java Province. Most (46.39%) of Rembang Regency is lowland, located in the northern part of Rembang Regency. While the south area is relatively higher than in the northern area. This southern region has an altitude of 100-500 meters above sea level (30.42% of the total area of ​​Rembang Regency) and the rest is at an altitude of 0-25 m and 500-1000 m.

The area of ​​45,205 Ha (46.58%) has a slope of 0-2%, while the other 33,233 Ha has slope of 2 - 15% (43.18%). The hilly and mountain areas with slopes of 15-40% and more than 40% as many as 14.38% and 4.86% of the total area of ​​Rembang Regency, respectively.

Climatology

Rembang Regency is a tropical climate regency, with an annual maximum temperature of 33°C and an average temperature of 23°C. It has 4 to 5 wet months and the rest of the months are moderate to dry. The rainfall in Kabupaten Rembang is medium, which is an average of 502.36 mm/year.

Type of soil

Types of land in Rembang among others are Mediterranean, Grumoso, Alluvial, Andosol and Regosol. Mediterranean soil type is the type of land that dominates in Rembang Regency, which is covering 45% of the land, while Grumosol type only 32%, Alluvial 10%, Andosol 8% and Regosol 5%.

Hydrology

Rembang Regency has surface water source in the form of river and dam. The rivers that pass through Rembang Regency include Randugunting, Babagan, Karanggeneng, Kening, Telas, Kalipang, Sudo and Patiyan rivers. In Rembang Regency, there are 121 dams and 25 irrigation areas, not all flooded throughout the year.

TOURISM ATTRACTION

1. Pulau Karang Gosong

It is an island located in Java Sea in Lasem Sub-district. The island is only approximately 4 Km from the beach of Bonang Village. This island has a charming panorama under the sea. The reef fish passing by under the sea could be seen clearly from the boat since the beach is only less than 2 m deep; there is also live coral forms around the coral gardens. In addition, the visitors can also enjoy looking for sea shells and seaweed around the sandy beach.

2. Raden Ajeng Kartini’s Room of Dedication Museum

The Museum is located in Kutoharjo Village, Rembang Sub-district, only 300 m from
Rembang Regency’s center. It occupies one room of the Regent of Rembang official
residence. It can be easily reached by public transport. Many tourists who visit there in order to relive the history of this heroine, R.A. Kartini, as well as would like to see firsthand, the heritage, such as Kartini's original paper, painting and her room of dedication, as the place in her fight for her concern of the better fate for Indonesian women (she was then given the title of National Heroine).

Kartini has only one son, named RM Susalit. The Museum has tour guidess, who will help
visitors better understand who Kartini was, in the most informative ways, such as telling the story of R.A. Kartini, etc. for visitors to have the best impression about Kartini as well as about them enjoying their visit to the Museum. etc. enjoying the visit. In addition, visitors can also see the building where R.A. Kartini used to teach or practice her knowledge to her students. The original building is located approximately 150 m from the Museum.

3. Dampo Awang

"Dampo Awang Beach" is one of the tourist destinations located in Rembang Regency, just on the north side of the north coast of Java (Pantura) line. Before the management was handed over to private parties, the park was named Kartini Beach Recreation Park (TRPK) which was later replaced by the name of Dampo Awang Beach. The renaming was done to differentiate itself with Kartini Beach in Jepara.

The place has been known by the people in this region and the surrounding areas since the Dutch colonial era. At that time, the park was used, not only as the place of recreation, but, was also used to oversee the sea traffic around the waters of Rembang. There is also a very old building that is said were once a meeting and party place of Dutchmen. According to information from the Tourism Office of Rembang, on the roof of this building has been found a writing which revealed the number of the year of the building construction, which was in 1811. If the information is valid, then it is assumed that the building was made during the reign of Governor-General HW Daendels (1808-1811) who initiated the construction of Anyer-Panarukan road. Rembang Regency is one of the district that crossed by that road.

Since 1945, this building was used by Protestant Christians as their place worship. However, because the number of their congregation were kept going down, the building was then functioned as a reading park and local government library. In late 2001, the roof of the building collapsed, leaving only the pillars and walls. Considering this badly damaged building is of a high historical value, the local government has then made various efforts to renovate the building. After the renovation, the building is then used as a meeting hall as well as a tourism development and promotion center of this salt-producing city.

Kartini Beach Recreation Park has undergone several renovations. In 1979, the resort was equipped with a playing ground for children. Furthermore, in 1992, the renovation was held again to build the other facilities, such as a viewing post and a beach talud, to protect the beach from abrasion as well as to attract more visitors.

POTENCY

1) Fisheries and Marine

Rembang Regency has a huge fishery and marine potential since it has coastal area for ± 62.5 Km which contained abundant potential of sea products, such as flying fish, sardine, mackerel, yellowstripe scad, mackerel tuna, squid, fish kurisi, anchovy, manyung fish, sword fish, snapper and crab. The potential can be utilized by residents who live along the coast as fishermen. In Kabupaten Rembang, there are 6 sub-districts that have coastal areas, namely: Kaliori, Lasem, Rembang, Sluke, Kragan and Sarang.

The exploration of sea products has improved the welfare of the community, especially the development of fisheries business, indicated by the increasing number of fish catches in each year because the improvement of facilities/infrastructure as well as the application of more advanced fishing methods. In addition to marine fisheries, Rembang Regency also has a large potential of land fisheries, such as:

  1. Brackish water pond area with potential area of 2,625 Ha and production area of 2,396 Ha, has commodity of shrimp and milkfish.
  2. Freshwater fish pond, spread in Pamotan, Sale, Rembang, Bulu and Sulang Sub-districts with potential area of 35.64 Ha. Unfortunately, this potential has not been optimally utilized, which is the production area is still below its capacity of 27.40 Ha. The freshwater fisheries commodities include catfish, nile tiapia and tawes fish (Barbonymus javanicus).
  3. Coral reefs, scattered in 19 clusters of coral reefs with a total area of ​​227.7 Km²
  4. Mangrove area of ​​221.54 Ha

To do rationalization of fishing activities at coastal areas that experienced a downward production trend, the fishery cultivation in Rembang Regency is promoted to be run in the form of fish ponds, fish and seaweed farming. In addition, Kabupaten Rembang has the potential of brackish water fish cultivation, with the commodities such as shrimp, milkfish,crabs and more.

2) Agriculture
Commodities of food crops and horticulture in Rembang Regency generally is in the form of rice plants, vegetables, mango, palm fruit, duku woro and kawis fruit. While for livestock is in the form of beef cattle, goats and sheep, laying ducks, domestic chicken.

3) Mining
Some areas of Rembang Regency form of limestone mountain in which many contain mined quarries. Unfortunately, those various potentials have not been excavated optimally.

Therefore, further utilization of mining materials in the future is expected to contribute to
increase in income percapita. The potential mining, among others, are: Quartz Sand (Si O2), Phospat (P2 O5), Ball Clay (Al2 O3), Limestone (Ca CO3), Coal, Trass, Andesite, Clay, Gypsum, Calcite, Dolomite and Lignite.

4) Small Industry and People Crafts
Rembang Regency has many kinds of small industries and unique crafts business that have lot of potential to be developed and is hoped to be able to attract potential investors. The potential industries are based on particular natural resources that could become a
comparative advantage for the regency compared to other regions. The potential industries namely: salt, fish processing, antique furniture, batik, embroidery, brass, shells craft, terasi ‘shrimp paste’, tile, bag, wallet, belt and others.

5) Tourism and cultural arts

Some tourist sites located in Rembang Regency are as follows:

  1. Pre-Historical Heritage Tourism: Plawangan Site, Megalitikum Terjan
  2. Kartini Tour: Kartini Museum, Kartini's Tomb
  3. Beach & Island Tour: Dampo Awang Beach Recreation Park, Karangjahe Beach, Caruban Beach, Binangun Beach, White Sand Beach, Soka Beach of Gede Island and Marongan Island
  4. Religion Tourism: Rembang Grand Mosque, Sunan Bonang Tomb, Sunan Bonang
    Petilasan ‘site’, Klentheng Tjoe Hwei Kiong, Klentheng Dasun, Vihara Ratanavana Arama
  5. Forest & Cave Tour: Pasucen Cave, Embung Banyukuwung (artificial reservoir and agro- tourism), Taman Wisata Alam Hutan Sumber Semen (nature forest park), Hutan Wisata ‘jungle tourism’ Mantingan, The people of Rembang Regency have a wide variety of cultures, ranging from religious nuances to the traditional culture since the culture is much influenced by religious and local customs.

Cultural events in Rembang Regency, among others:

  1. Syawalan/Lomban Event. This event is held every 5, 6, 7 and 8 Syawal at Dampo Awang Beach Recreational Park, enlivened with musical entertainment, children's entertainment, and traditional arts.
  2. Penjamasan Bende Becak of Sunan Bonang heritage is an object of "bende" ‘music instrumental’ which is named "Bende Becak", has a diameter of 10 cm. In ancient time, this bende serves as a tool to call in Wali ‘the guardian of Islam’ or as a notification of the occurrence of a war/disaster. Every 10th Dzulhijjah (Eid al-Adha Day) at 09.00 WIB held a ceremony at the home of the guardian of the tomb of Sunan Bonang. During the ceremony, yellow sticky rice was distributed for the visitors and who then battling the Bende Becak’s sprinkling water.

FINANCING

In fiscal year 2015, the amount of district development budget (SiLPA) of Rembang Regency in fiscal year 2015 was 206,340,500,334 rupiah, while the government expenditure (realization) was around 109.583.528.065 or performance equal to 92,20% from budgeted.

The expenditures at government investment cost were budgeted at 10,617,000,000.00
rupiah, with the realization of 10,617,000,000.00 or 100%, while the principal government debt was budgeted at 55,000,000.00 rupiah with the realization of 53,450,843.00 rupiah or as many as 97.18%.

INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

1. Development of Pamotan Shopping Center

In order to utilize a strategic space and facilitate the community’s necessary needs, there is an opportunity of the development and management of a shopping center, thus, it is
expected to create a positive economic impact.

Location

Pamotan Sub-district, the land is an asset of the Government of Rembang Regency with an area of ​​13,140 m 2 .

Financial Aspect

Estimated value of investment: 16,266,000,000 rupiah.

Investment Scheme

Cooperation with Rembang Regency Government through BOT (Build Operate
Transfer)/BTO scheme.

Contact Person

Rofieq P.
Integrated Licensing Service Office of Rembang Regency (KPPT Kabupaten Rembang)
Jln. Gatot Subroto No. 8, Rembang 59211

Telephone/Fax: +62 295 693069/+62 295 693480

Mobile: +62 81325691019

2. Industrial Estate Development

Rembang Regency has a location that bordering East Java. The distance to the port of
Tanjung Emas Semarang about 111 Km, and the distance to the port of Tanjung Perak
Surabaya about 194 Km. The access to both the port of Tanjung Emas and Tanjung Perak which will be close to the Trans Java toll is an advantage for this development of an
industrial area in Rembang.

Project Scope

  • Land procurement for lease/sale and self-built by entrepreneurs
  • Construction of factories/warehouses with minimal pollutants for rent/sale
  • Provision of mess/dormitory, health facilities, worship place, sports facilities, entertainment, shopping center, culinary, and banking
  • Development of Integrated Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP)
  • Development of independent Power Station
  • Provision of clean water

Location
According to a District Regulation on administrative authority (RT/RW), the location would be at the allocated industrial area in Pasarbanggi Village-Rembang Sub-district of 173 Ha,
Leran and Trahan Village-Sluke Sub-district of 291 Ha, Sendangmulyo Village-Sluke Sub-
district of 200 Ha and Mining Industrial Area in Gunem Sub-district of 205 Ha. The average price of respective land is about 300-500 thousand rupiah per m 2 .

Investment Scheme
100% Private Investment

Contact Person
Rofieq P.
Integrated Licensing Service Office of Rembang Regency (KPPT Kabupaten Rembang)
Jln. Gatot Subroto No. 8, Rembang 59211
Telephone/Fax: +62 295 693069/+62 295 693480
Mobile: +62 81325691019

3. Development Stockpile Terminal of Rembang Port
To accelerate the development of the Port of Rembang and to equip and provide adequate
supporting facilities and infrastructure, the role of the private sector is needed in this
development.

Project Scope
Development Stockpile Terminal of Rembang Port.

Location

The location will be at Sluke Sub-district, while the land is an asset of the Government of
Rembang Regency with an area of ​​81,616 m 2

Financial Aspect
Estimated value of investment is 44,733,551,803,00 rupiah.

Investment Scheme
Cooperation with Rembang Regency Government with the utilization cooperation scheme
for 30 years.

Contact Person
Rofieq P.
Integrated Licensing Service Office of Rembang Regency (KPPT Kabupaten Rembang)
Jln. Gatot Subroto No. 8, Rembang 59211
Telephone/Fax: +62 295 693069/+62 295 693480
Mobile: +62 81325691019
Source: Report of the local Government body in 2015
http://dinpendik.rembangkab.go.id/
http://www.rembangkab.go.id/
http://bpmd.jatengprov.go.id/

Geographical Location