Blora Regency

According to a folklore, Blora comes from the word ‘BELOR’ which means Mud, the word then developed into mbeloran and now, people are call the name BLORA which is easir to pronounce. Etymologically, Blora comes from the word ‘WAI + LORAH’, ‘Wai’ means water and ‘Lorah’ means valley or low ground. In the Javanese language, there is often an exchange of the letter W with the letter B, without causing a change of the meaning, therefore over time, the word ‘WAILORAH’ changed to ‘BAILORAH’, and ‘BAILORAH’ changes to ‘BALORA’ and ‘BALORA’ which were  ventually becames ‘BLORA’. The word ‘BLORA’ then means low aqueous land and this is also very close to the notion of the muddy land.
HISTORY
Blora under the Kadipaten Jipang (Jipang Duchy) Blora was under the Kadipaten Jipang in the sixteenth century, which was still under Demak Kingdom’s authorization. Adipati Jipang (The Duke of Jipang) at that time was Aryo Penangsang, better known as Aria Jipang. His authority includes Pati, Lasem, Blora and Jipang itself. However, after Jaka Tingkir (Sultan Hadiwijaya) inherited Demak's throne, the center of government was then moved to Pajang. Thus, Blora became part of the Kingdom of Pajang.
Blora under Mataram Kingdom
The Kingdom of Pajang did not last long, because it was seized by Mataram Kingdom which based in Kotagede Yogyakarta. Blora belongs to the eastern part of Mataram or Bang Wetan area. During the reign of Paku Buwana I (1704–1719), the authorization over Blora was given to his son named Prince Blitar and whose given the title of ‘Adipati’ or Duke. The area of Blora at that time was 3,000 karya (1 karya = ¾ hectare). In 1719–1727, the Kingdom of Mataram was led by Amangkurat IV, so since then Blora was under the reign of Amangkurat IV.
Blora in the Mangkubumi War Age (1727 - 1755)
There was an uprising led by Pangeran Mangkubumi and Raden Mas Sahid against the Mataram
Kingdom under the rule of Paku Buwana II (1727-1749). Pangeran Mangkubumi succeeded in taking control Sukawati, Grobogan, Demak, Blora and Yogyakarta. Finally Pangeran Mangkubumi was appointed by his people to be King in Yogyakarta. Notes from “Babad Giyanti” and “Serat
Kuntharatama” stated that Pangeran Mangkubumi became the King on 1 Sura of Year ‘Alib’ 1675, or December 11, 1749. Along with the appointment of Pangeran Mangkubumi to become the King,
other royal officials were appointed, among others were Mangkubumen warrior leader, Wilatikta,
who became the Regent of Blora.
Blora under the Sultanate
The Mangkubumi War was ended with the agreement of Giyanti in the year 1755, known as “Palihan Negari”, since the agreement mandated Mataram to be divided into two Kingdoms, namely the Kingdom of Surakarta under Paku Buwana III and Yogyakarta under Sultan Hamengku Buwana I.
Under the Palihan Negari, Blora became a region of Kasunanan as part of the East Mancanegara, under ‘Kasunanan’ Surakarta. However, the Regent Wilatikta did not agree to be part of Kasunanan control, therefore, chose to resign from his position.
Blora as a Regency
Since the era of Pajang until Mataram, Blora Regency is an important area for the Central Government of the Kingdom because it is famous for its ‘Hutan Jati’ or teak forest. Blora changed its status from an appanage (a gift of land) to Regency on Thursday Kliwon, 2 Sura of Alib year 1675, or December 11, 1749 AD. It is the day when Pangeran Mangkubumi became the King of Yogyakarta and appointed Wilatikta as the Regent of Blora. That day is now known as the anniversary day of Blora Regency.
Blora's People FIght against Colonialization
The resistance of the people of Blora which was spearheaded by peasants or farmers, erupted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These peasants resistance was sparked by the worsening of social and economic situations of the rural population at that time. In 1882, the taxes imposed by the dutch colonial government were extremely burdensome for the landowners (farmers). In the other areas of Java, the tax increase have also led to peasant uprisings, such as the Cilegon incident in the year 1888. Two years later, a farmer from Blora, namely Samin Surasentiko started a resistance against the colonial. The Samin’s movement as an anti-colonial peasant movement is more likely to use a passive protest method instead of a radical rebellion.
The driving factors of the uprising against colonial includes various taxes applied in Blora, changes in patterns of communal land use, communal restrictions and supervision by the Netherlands on the use of forest products by the inhabitants. These factors have a direct relationship with the farmers' uprising movement in Blora. This movement has a “Millenarianism” style, which is a movement that opposes injustice (through a revolutionary action) and expects a prosperous golden age (belief in the coming of ideal society).
GEOGRAPHY
Geographically, Blora Regency is located between 111° 016' to 111° 338' E and 6° 528' to 7° 248' S. Administratively located in the most end (along with Rembang Regency) east side of Central Java Province. The farthest distance from west to east is 57 Km and the farthest distance from north to south is 58 km.
Administrative boundary
  • North: Rembang Regency and Pati Regency
  • East: Bojonegoro Regency of East Java Province
  • South: Ngawi Regency of East Java Province
  • West: Grobogan Regency
Area, altitude and land use Blora Regency with 1,820.59 Km² of administrative area (182,058.797 hectare) has an altitude of 96 - 280 m above sea level. The largest sub-district is Randublatung Sub-district with 211,13 Km² area, while the next largest three subdistricts are Jati, Jiken and Todanan Sub-district, each with an area of 183.62 Km², 168.17 Km² and 128.74 Km² respectively. Whereas, the highest sub-district is Japah Sub- district that reach 280 m above sea level.
The most of Blora area (49.66%) is forest, owned either by the State and community, while the Paddy field is 25.38% of the land use and the rest (24.96%) is used for yard, moor, reservoir, plantation and more. The largest paddy field is in Kunduran Sub-district (5,559.2174 Ha) and Kedungtuban Sub-district (4,676.7590 Ha), which are known as the granary of Blora Regency. The sub-districts with large forest area are Randublatung, Jiken and Jati Sub-districts, each area exceeding 13,000 hectares.
Twelve sub-districts have technical irrigation system, except for Jati, Randublatung, Kradenan and Japah Sub-districts which still have semi-technical and traditional irrigation system. Reservoirs as the new irrigation source are located in three sub-districts, namely Tunjungan, Blora and Todanan; while other sub-districts namely Ngawen, Randublatung, Banjarejo, Jati and Jiken each have a stank.
CLIMATE
The number of rainy days in Blora Regency during 2007 was relatively more often compared to the previous year. The area with the most rainy day is in the Blora Sub-district, which is 115 days in average. While, the highest rainfall area is in Kradenan Sub-district, as much as 2,638 mm.
POTENCY
1. Petroleum
Referring to the concession of oil mines in Blora Regency and the data on conducted drilling, the
potency of oil and gas fields in Blora Regency are estimated as follows:
a. Panolan oil mining concession (Cepu)
The first discoverer of petroleum in Cepu, Andrian Stoop, conducting his first drilling in Ledok Village. He concluded that there are large quantities of high-quality oil fields in Panolan (Cepu), including Ledok Field, which is Getur and Nglebur area. The oil in Getur was found at a depth of ± 94 m and then from 239 m to 245 m. In 1985, there were 252 drilled wells (90-1350 m depth), where 207 of the wells contain oil, while the 45 wells were not. However, there were as many as 16 layers of oil producing pocket just in one oil well.
b. Jepon oil mining concession
The first drilling was conducted in Semanggi field (1986), with a productive area of 2.5 km and 0.5 m thickness. The altitude of Semanggi is about 215 m. The number of wells drilled 86 wells, in which 66 wells contain oil and 220 did not. The depth of the wells was 100-1270 m and the number of layers that produce oil were as many as 6 layers.
c. Nglobo oil mining concession
Situated at an altitude of more than 90 m above sea level, with the production area of 1.5 x 0.5 Km. The first drilling was conducted in 1909, with the average depth of 400-1,200 m. The number of wells drilled were 47, which were 38 wells contain oil and 9 wells did not. The number of layers that produce oil were as many as 9 layers. OEP III Pertamina Cepu are still conducting oil mining in this area.
d. Banyubang oil mining concession
There are 33 oil wells in Banyubang, where 14 of those are inactive and 19 are still active. The area has 4 productive layers, the first layer is at 250 m depth with 11 wells, the second layer lies at a depth of 260 m with 8 wells, the third layer of 1 well and the fourth layer with a depth of 310 m. There is one well with a depth of 677 m that produced 36-meter pressured gas. There are also 66 wells in Plantungan, 2 well are still active while 64 are inactive.
e. Trembes oil mining concession
There are 2 fields in the Trembes concession, which are Trembes and Kluwih field. The Trembes field has as many as 6 wells, with a depth of 625 m; the depth of the first layer, the second layer and the third layer are 106 m, 352 m and of 1,591 m, respectively. Whereas, the type of oil production is paraffinic that has BJ 0.83 (type weight) at a temperature of 30° C. Since 1899, Kluwih field has been drilled for as many as 4 wells. One of the four wells (265 m of depth) has produced 110,000 m 3 of gas per day.
f. Metes oil field concessions
There is an oil field which has 4 production layers. The depth of the first layer, the second layer, the third layer and the fourth layer are 250 m, 260 m, 285 and 310 m, respectively. The first layer has 4 wells with total production reaching 3,400 m 3 in 22 months. The second layer has 3 wells, two wells produce oil and the other well is a saltwater well. The third layer has 2 wells, one well produces water and oil and the other well produces salt water. Lastly, the fourth layer has one will with a depth of 728 m and 1,022 m is which are served as water reservoir.
g. Ngiono oil field concession
This concession covers 2 oil fields, namely Gaplokan and Ngiono. The Gaplokan field is situated above the anticline layer in Gaplokan. This field has been drilled for as many as 2 wells. While, the Ngiono field is situated above the anticline layer in Ngiono. This field has 7 wells, two wells produce oil at a depth of 57 and 90 m, while another well produces gas at 4 atm pressure. This field area has not been managed until now.
h. Ngapus oil mining concession
This concession has two drilled wells, with a depth of 180 m and 272 m. One of well produces gas at 20 atm and at a depth of 272 m, while another well is not generating oil nor gas. Ngapus field has not been developed yet since it is assumed has no prospect.
i. The NKPM owned oil-mining concession
In this concession, the well in Petak/Cepu was founded in 1914 with a production of 20 barrels per day. In 1917, the well in Trembul Concession was founded with a production of 1 barrel per day, then in 1936 found a well in the Lusi Concession with a production of 110 barrels per day.
2. Minerals
Based on observations and field mapping, there are some potential of excavation materials in Blora Regency that economically beneficial, among others:
  1. Limestone
  2. Claystone
  3. Sandstone quartz
  4. Bentonit
  5. Phosphat
  6. Marble and Onix
  7. Sand stone
  8. Gypsum
 1. Limestone
There is a quite a lot Limestone in Blora Regency that evenly found in almost any area of Blora. The geological model and its distribution are highly determined by the deposition environment. The tectonic processes control the rocks precipitation that causing the rock to be folded, enlarged and experience the intense weathering. From the field survey, there are some potential areas of limestone in Blora Regency, as follows:
  1. Blora Sub-district, founded at Sendangharjo and Ngampel Village
  2. Tunjungan Sub-district, founded at Nglangitan, Kedungrejo and Sitirejo Village
  3. Jepon Sub-district, founded at Waru, Karangasem and Soko Village
  4. Bogorejo Sub-district, founded at Nglengkir, Jurangjero, Gandu and Tempurejo Village
  5. Todanan Sub-district, founded at Gunungan, Kajengan, Dringo and Cokrowati Village
  6. Kradenan Sub-district, founded at Mendenrejo Village
  7. Blora Sub-district
Limestone outcrops are spread out in some villages, such as Sendangharjo and Ngampel Village. The residents and the surrounding communities are traditionally mining of these two villages, by using simple equipment. According to Petrology, the limestone that is found in the field has a physical characteristic of brownish yellow, compact and strong, plated and flaten. It contains a lot of forminifera, shells, orbitoid, as well as minerals calcite and many other carbonate minerals, with a thickness of about 8 m. In Sendangharjo Village, mining is conducted at behind Chinese grave, while in Ngampel Village the mining is around the community’s field. The existed potential area of limestone throughout Blora sub-districts reaches 1,195.4 ha.
3. LICENSING
Building Permit (IMB) 
A. Regular IMB
Requirements for submission (2 copies for each document):
  1. Two copies of application Letter, while one copies should be equipped with a stamp of 6,000 rupiah
  2. Photocopy of applicant's ID card
  3. Photocopy of proof of land ownership (land certificate) or “petok c” village letters which supported by a letter from the Head of village, or certificate from a notary, or a deed of assignment/sale statement, or a certificate of inheritance/grant
  4. A lease agreement or written permission from the landowner in the case of land owned by another person
  5. Images of buildings with a scale of 1:100 (situation, building plan: front view, side view, cross section, longitudinal pieces and important construction details)
  6. Result of soil test and construction calculation for building more than 2 floors and/or height more than 6 meters, except for 2 floor building with width of 6 meters or less
Special requirements:
  1. For business purpose shall be accompanied by photocopy of environmental management document (Environmental Impact Assessment or Amdal/UKL-UPL/SPPL) along with  nvironmental Permit and fulfill technical requirement according to the business line as determined by the technical institution.
  2. For religious purpose (place of worship) equipped with special requirements as stipulated in the Joint Regulation between the Minister of Religious Affairs (Nu. 9) and the Minister of Home Affairs (Nu. 8) regarding Guidelines for the Implementation of Role of Head of District/Deputy Head of District in Maintenance of Religious Harmony and the Establishment of a Place of Worship.
B. IMB Amnesty
(for house building that were established before the Year 2000, except for places of worship)
Requirements for submission (two copies for each document):
  1. Two copies of application Letter, while one copies should be equipped with a stamp of 6,000 rupiah
  2. Photocopy of applicant's ID card
  3. Photocopy of proof of land ownership (land certificate) or “petok c” village letters which supported by a letter from the Head of village, or certificate from a notary, or a deed of assignment/sale statement, or a certificate of inheritance/grant
  4. A lease agreement or written permission from the landowner in the case of land owned by another person
  5. Images of buildings with a scale of 1:100 and the photograph of the building
Special requirements:
For business purpose shall be accompanied by photocopy of environmental management document (Environmental Impact Assessment or Amdal/UKL-UPL/SPPL) along with Environmental Permit and fulfill technical requirement according to the business line as determined by the technical institution.
(source: Investment and Integrated Licensing Body)
4. TOURIST ATTRACTION
1. Barong Art Performance
Barong art performance or well known as Barongan art performance is a typical art of Central Java. However, compared to the other regions in Central Java, Blora Regency is the district which has a lot more Barong art performance. Barong art performance is one of the most popular art attraction among the people of Blora, especially the rural communities. The art performance of Barong reflects the typical Blora culture, such as spontaneity, kinship, simplicity, rough, hard, togetherness and courage based-on- the-truth. Barongan is a fittings made to resemble ‘Singo Barong’ or a giant lion as the ferocious ruler of the haunted forest. The figure of “Singo Barong” in Barongan story is also called GEMBONG AMIJOYO, which means the big tiger in power. The art performance is a group dance, which mimics the might of a Giant Lion. The role of Singo Barong played in totality in the presentation, is a dominant centered figure, with the other supporting characters that can not be separated, namely: Bujangganong/Pujonggo Anom Joko Lodro/Genderuwo ‘Pasukan Berkuda’ Horseracing/reog Noyontoko Untub.
In addition to the above mentioned characters, the show also has some equipment that serves as a musical instrument, such as: Kendang, Gedhuk, Bonang, Saron, Demung and Kempul. Along with the progress of technology, there are several additions to modern instruments in the form of Drums, Trumpets, Large Kendang and Keyboards. Sometimes in some performances, the shows are combined with ‘Campur Sari’ art performance.The Barongan art performance sourced from the “Panji” tale, which is a story that begins from thebattle between the accompaniment of horseback riding guard of Raden Panji Asmarabangun/Pujonggo Anom and the Singo Barong. In brief, the Adipati Klana Sawandana from Bantarangin Regency fell in love with Dewi Sekartaji, the daughter of King Kediri. He then ordered Patih Bujangganong/Pujonggo Anom to ask for proposing her. His departure was accompanied by 144 horsemen led by four officers, namely Kuda Larean, Kuda Panagar, Kuda Panyisih and Kuda Sangsangan. Arriving at the Wengkar forest, Bantarangin soldiers were blocked by Singo Barong as the incarnation of Adipati Gembong Amijoyo who was assigned to maintain security at the border.
There was a quarrel that culminated into a fierce battle. All Soldiers of Bantarangin were defeated by Singo Barong, but the four officers could escape and report to the Adipati of Klana Sawandana. At that time, there were also two other people, namely Lurah Noyontoko and Untub, whom were the servant as well as trusted bodyguard of Raden Panji Asmara Bangun from Jenggala, also had the same goal and that was sent by Raden Panji to propose Dewi Sekar Taji. Arriving at Wengker's forest, Lurah Noyontoko got barricaded from Singo Barong which forbided them from continuing the journey. Both Singo Barong and Lurah Noyontoko had insisted each other so harsh that caused a battle. Noyontoko and Untub were overwhelmed and then invited their other colleague, namely Joko Lodro from Kedung Srengenge to finally conquered and killed Singo Barong. Unexpectedly, Singo Barong has supernatural powers and even though it was dead, it could live again by a special action. This event was later reported to Raden Panji, who then Raden Panji went to face Singo Barong in the foret with anger.
At about the same time, the Adipati Klana Sawendono has also received a report from Bujangganong (Pujang Anom) which was defeated by Singo Barong. With a sense of anger Adipati Klana Sawendada pulled out his flagship heirloom weapon, which was the Samandiman whip and headed to Wengker forest in order to kill Singo Barong. Adipati Klana Sawendana were first to arrived in Wengker forest and meet Singo Barong. The fierce battle between Adipati Klana Sawendana and Singo Barong was inevitable. Adipati Klana Sawendana could conquer Singo Barong with his flagship heirloom weapon in the form of the Samandiman whip. Singo Barong was hit by the Samandiman whip and paralyzed.
The power of Singo Barong could be restored by Adipati Klana Sawendana, with the provision that Singo Barong would went to Kediri to propose Dewi Sekartaji. After the troops arrived at the square of Kediri, they met with the entourage of Raden Panji who also intended to marry Dewi Sekartaji. Another dispute then was inevitable and eventually there was a battle between Raden Panji and Adipati Klana Sawendano, who were finally won by Raden Panji. Adipati Klana Sawendana was killed in the battle, while Singo Barong who intends to defend Adipati Klana Sawendana was condemned by Raden Panji and can not transformed back into a human being (Gembong Amijoyo). Ultimately, Singo Barong subjected and devoted himself to Raden Panji, including Bujangganong and the horsemen of the Kingdom of Bantarangin.
In the end, the entourage led by Raden Panji continue on the trip to propose Dewi Sekartaji. The situation of the procession whom were led by Singo Barong and Bujangganong becomes the background of the existence of Barongan art performance.
2. Terawang Cave
Terawang Cave is a natural tourist attraction, formed more than 10 million years ago in the precipitation area of limestones of the north limestone mountains. The cave is situated in Kedungwungu Village, Todanan Sub-district, at Blora KPH Forest area and is about 35 Km of west of the center of Blora. Cave Terawang has the longest path/length of about 180 m, with a depth of 5-11 m underground. In the inside of the cave, there are stalagmites and stalactites which are outstandingly beautiful and charming. In this area, there are also some caves that are not less interesting, among others are Cave Kidang, Cave Suru, Cave Manuk and more.
3. Bentolo Dam
Bentolo Dam or Reservoir is also located not far from the location of Cave Terawang. Beside being a tourist attraction, Bentolo reservoir also functions as irrigation of the surrounding agricultural land and has a large camping ground known by the name of Pancasona Campground.
4. Sayuran Baths
Sayuran Baths is located in the hilly area of Soko Village, Jepon Sub-district about 14 Km towards the Northeast of Center of Blora. The air is refreshingly cool and has a magnificent scenery. The Sayuran Baths are built with complying the national standard and equipped with a special baths for children. Interestingly, the Indonesian word of ‘sayuran’ means vegetable and that there is also a ‘padepokan’ or a home stay complex above the sayuran baths.
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
The development of Sayuran tourism attraction in Blora Regency It is both a natural and artificial attractions, equipped with a swimming pool in which if we are in the pond, we can directly see the surrounding natural scenery because of its location is on the higher altitude. Unfortunately, the development of this swimming pool is stopped, the water is dry, and the pool wall is cracked. Another potency of this tourism attraction is the Padepokan Waringin Seto or Waringin Seto home stay complex situated at above of the hillside that always held a ritual ceremony in every “Suro” which could also attract more visitors to the site.
Project Scope
Development and improvement of facilities and infrastructure, by providing rides such as flying fox rides, off road track, mountain bike and rock climbing.
Location
Sayuran tourist attraction is located in Soko Village, Jepon Sub-district, 14 km North East of center of Blora.
Financial Aspect
The estimated value of investment: Rp 50 Billion.
Investment Scheme
A Collaboration opportunity with the Blora Regency Government, using BOT (Build, Operate, Transfer) scheme.
Contact Person
Drs. Purwanto, MM
Head of Board of Investment and Licensing Service of Blora Regency (BPMPP Blora Regency)
Jl. Pemuda No. 46, Blora
Phone/Fax: +62 296 531048
Mobile: +62 82133913333
Email: bpmpp.blora@gmail.com
  • http://referensi.data.kemdikbud.go.id/
  • http://www.blorakab.go.id/
  • http://bpmd.jatengprov.go.id/

Geographical Location