Banjarnegara Regency with its capital Sub-district’s name also Banjarnegara, is located between 7 ° 12 '- 7 ° 31' S and 109 ° 29 '- 109 ° 45'50" E. The total area of Banjarnegara Regency is 106,970,997 ha or 3.10% of the total area of the Central Java province.
Banjarnegara is adjacent to Pekalongan and Batang regencies in the north, Wonosobo Regency in the east, Kebumen Regency in the south, and Banyumas Regency and Purbalingga regency in the West.
The landscape of the land, based on the natural form of the land and its geographic spread, this region can be divided into 3 parts, namely:
- The North Zone: a mountainous region that is part of Dieng Plateau, North Serayu Mountains. This area has a steep and bumpy relief. On the border with Pekalongan and Batang regencies there are several peaks, such as Mount Rogojembangan and Mount Prahu.
- Some of the areas are used as a tourist attraction, and there is also a geothermal power plant. The northern zone includes the sub-districts of Kalibening, Pandanarum, Wanayasa, Pagentan, Pejawaran, Batur, Karangkobar, Madukara.
- The Middle Zone: a fertile depression zone of Serayu. Belongs to this region are Banjarnegara, Ampelsari, Bawang, Purwanegara, Mandiraja, Pur worejo Klampok, Susukan, Wanadadi, Banjarmangu, and Rakit.
- The South Zone: part of the South Serayu Mountains, a mountainous area with steep reliefs covering the Sub-districts of Pagedongan, Banjarnegara, Sigaluh, Mandiraja, Bawang, Susukan
The topography of Banjarnegara Regency is largely (more than 65%) at altitudes between 100 s / d 1000 meters above the sea level. In detail about the division of the region based on topography, are:
Less than 100 m above the sea level, covering 9.82% of the total area of Banjarnegara Regency, consist of Susukan and Purworejo, Klampok, Mandiraja, Purwanegara and Bawang Sub-districts.
Between 100-500 m above sea level, covering 37.04% of the total area of Banjarnegara Regency, consist of Punggelan, Wanadadi, Rakit, Madukara, part of Susukan, Mandiraja, Purwanegara, Bawang, Pagedongan, Banjarmangu and Banjarnegara.
Between 500 -1,000 m above sea level, covering 28.74% of the total area of Banjarnegara Regency, covering Sigaluh Sub-district, Banjarnegara, Pagedongan and Banjarmangu Subdistricts.
More than 1,000 m above sea level, covering 24.40% of the total area of Banjarnegara Regency covering Pejawaran, Batur, Wanayasa, Kalibening, Pandanarum, Karangkobar and Pagentan districts.
Banjarnegara Regency has a tropical climate, with an average rainfall of 3,000 mm / year, and an average temperature of 20 ° - 26 ° C. The river used as the source of agricultural irrigation is Serayu River that flows to the West. Its tributaries include Kali Tulis, Kali Merawu, Kali Pekacangan, Kali Gintung and Kali Sapi.
The history began after the Diponegoro war, when R.Tumenggung Dipoyudo IV was considered meritorious to the Mataram government. Therefore, he was proposed by Sri Susuhunan Pakubuwono VII to be appointed as a Regent, based on the Resolutie Governeor General Buitenzorg on 22 August 1831 number I, to fill the position of Regent of Banjar which previously has been deleted- in Banjarmangu (was then known as Banjarwatulembu).
The proposal was approved by the Dutch colonial government.
It was then the decision of the new regent to overcome the problem of overflowing of the Serayu River that complicates the communication with Kasunanan Surakarta, by moving the capital of the regency to the south of the Serayu River. The problem was incommoding the regent when he had to attend the Great Meeting at certain moments in Surakarta Sultanate.
Banjar area (now known as the Banjarnegara Sub-district) became the choice to be designated as the new capital. The condition of the new area was a vast rice field with a few steep slopes. The new capital was established in the area of paddy fields (Banjar) so that the name of the new regency became Banjarnegara (Banjar: Sawah, Negara: Country).
R.Tumenggung Dipoyuda served as the bupati or regent until 1846, until he was replaced by R. Adipati Dipodiningkrat, who then retired in 1878. R Adipati Dipodiningrat’s successor was then from the outside of Banjarnegara Regency. The Governor appointed Mas Ngabehi Atmodipuro, patih of Purworejo Regency (Bangelan) I Gung Kalopaking in panjer (Kebumen Regency) as the successor and titled him Kanjeng Raden Tumenggung Jayanegara I. He was rewarded with the rank of "Adipati" and the honor of "Bintang Mas". Adipati Mas Ngabehi Atmodipuro died in 1896 and replaced by his son, Raden Mas Jayamisena, Wedana of Singomerto Village (in Banjarnegara) and titled Kanjeng Raden Tumenggung Jayanegara II.
Raden Tumenggung Jayanegara II got the honorary rank "Adipati Aria" with the Big Golden Star umbrella, Orange Officer. he quit, retired, in 1927.
His successor, his son: Raden Sumitro Kolopaking Purbonegoro, who also received an honorary rank of Tumenggung Aria. He was a descended from kanjeng R. Adipati Dipodiningrat, meaning that the regency has return to the descendants of the previous rulers. Among the Banjarnegara Regent, Arya Sumitro Kolopaking, whom govern for three era, namely the Dutch East Indies Company era, Japanese occupation era and Indonesia era, and personally handle directly the surge of the National Revolution (1945 - 1949).
He experienced the title "Gusti Kanjeng Bupati", then "Banjarnegara Ken Cho" and ended with "Bapak Bupati".
Furthermore, the Regent of Banjarnegara after Raden Aria Sumitro Kolopaking Purbonegoro are:
- R. Adipati Dipodiningrat (1846-1878)
- Mas Ngabehi Atmodipuro (1878 – 1896 ).
- Raden Mas Jayamisena (1896 – 1927).
- Raden Sumitro Kolopaking Purbonegoro (1927 – 1949).
- Raden Sumitro (1949 – 1959).
- Raden Mas Soedjirno (1960 – 1967).
- Raden Soedibjo (1967 – 1973).
- Drs. Soewadji (1973 – 1980).
- Drs. H. Winarno Surya Adisubrata (1980 – 1986).
- H. Endro Soewarjo (1986 – 1991).
- Drs. H. Nurachmad (1991 – 1996).
- Drs. H. Nurachmad (1996 – 2001).
- Drs. Ir. Djasri, MM, MT and Wabup: Drs. Hadi Supeno, Msi, (2001 – 2006)
- Drs.Ir. Djasri, MM, MT and Wabup: Drs. Soehardjo. MM (2006 – 2011)
- Sutedjo and Wabup: Hadi Supeno (2011 – 2016).
In 2014, the population of Banjarnegara Regency is 889,170 people and by 2015 the population in Banjarnegara Regency has increased to 901,830 people, consisting of 451,800 males and 450,030 females.
The number of the population aged 15 years and over (workforce age) in 2014 in Banjarnegara Regency are as many as 500,421, while in 2015, people aged 15 years and over in Banjarnegara Regencythere are as many as 488,703 inhabitants. For the minimum wage applied in Banjarnegara Regency in 2015 is Rp. 1,112,500 and then increased in 2016 to Rp. 1,265,000.
By 2015, the number of Elementary Schools in Banjarnegara Regency is 684 and 201 Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. For the level of Junior High School, there are as many as 98 and 39 Madrasah Tsanawiyah. For high school and vocational high schools there are 36, while for Madrasah Aliyah there are as many as 16 schools.
Achievements of Banjarnegara Regency
- Award from the Ministry of Cooperatives and MSMEs as the driving-cooperatives regency.
- 3rd place Winner of National Librarian Model Competition
- Champion of Instructor of Agriculture at the National Level on behalf of Widarko (an Agriculture Instructor from Sigaluh Sub-district)
- 3 rd Runner Up of Nature Conservationist Groups at the Wana Lestari National Level of Nature Conservation and Reforestation (WWA) contest for the Joint Secretariat of Banjarnegara Nature Lovers (SEKBER PAB)
- Adipura National Award from the President of Republic Indonesia in the category of the cleanest Small Town.
Tourist Attraction in Banjarnegara Regency
a. Curug Sirawe Waterfall
The Beautiful Curug Sirawe Waterfall is located at Bitingan Hamlet, Kepakisan Village, Batur Sub-district in Banjarnegara Regency. Curug Sirawe is situated in Dieng Plateau with an altitude of approximately 80m. Water falling from this waterfall hit the rocks at the bottom & create a small pond beneath it.
The spring of the waterfall comes from the Banjarnegara area, which is Bitingan hamlet, Kepakisan village, Batur Sub-district. The water which flows as the waterfall is actually belongs to the Batang Regency. Sigemplong Hamlet, Pranten village, in Bawang Sub-district.
Because of that thought, Curug Sirawe Waterfall fall into Batang lap.
However, Batang Regency has not build the tool nor the infrastructure that could help increase the tourism activities in this location, or, even to promote the waterfall, Curug Sirawe waterfall condition is left as it is. Batang Regency Government might have considered that the cost incurred to develop the site will not be comparable with the expected income. Batang Regency could change its mind in the future, when they decide to transform the waterfall as a potential tourist attraction, and to do that, Batang Regency must first repair the road between Bawang - Bintoro - Sigemplong, or the road between Bawang - Pranten - Sigemplong and the bridge in the south of the Pranten Village.
Because without the repair, the journey to the waterfall can only be done with motorcycles and continued on foot. The journey can also be a struggle since the proper road to the waterfall has not yet exist. Likewise, the walk paths inside the forest are lush and quite tricky, but still passable. Visitors usually would start to hear the sound from the waterfall after a half an hour of walk in the forest.
b. Banjarnegara Serulingmas Zoo
Banjarnegara indeed has more to see than just its fascinating Dieng Plateau and the next thing in line is Banjarnegara Serulingmas Zoo. Who would have thought that Banjarnegara Regency has one for you to visit?
This tourist attraction presents a variety of animals and a cool shady place to have a picnic with the whole family. For families of all age who want to travel, this place is highly recommended for you.
c. The Serayu River Rafting
The next tourist attraction is the Serayu river rafting. This tour is perfect for people who like the challenge. By following Serayu River Rafting you can down the Serayu river where the upstream is in the Dieng Plateau and downstream is in the southern sea.
This rafting activity is usually carried out on the weekend and crowded with young people and adults. It proves that rafting in Central Java province is not only available in Magelang, but also in Banjarnegara where the experience is equally amazing.
d. Serayu Park
Serayu Park is a tourist destination in Banjarnegara Regency that combine a rest area with a water theme park. Serayu Park also provide a comfortable place to karaoke.
Licensing and Financing
Banjarnegara Regency government serves a variety of licenses for general public. More information on the licensing application system can be viewed on the website: www.banjarnegarakab.go.id
a. Fish-Feed Industry in Banjarnegara Regency
In 2014, Freshwater fish farming in Banjarnegara Regency covered an area of 425,08 Ha, spread-out in 20 sub-districts, with a total production of 13,977,660 tons of fish. That amount of fish production also needs fish-feed in huge quantities: 11,855.53 tons of fishfeed was needed in 2015 with the capacity to produce only 36 tons locally in Banjarnegara.
Therefore, there is an opportunity for the new fish-feed mill to supply the shortcoming of 11,783.53 tons of fish-feed otherwise bought from the outside of Banjarnegara Regency.
A construction of a fish feed mill
Bawang, Purwanegara, and Mandiraja Sub-districts
Estimated investment value: Rp 5 Billion
The raw materials and labors are sufficiently available, with wages that are still relatively competitive compared to other regencies.
Provincial and Regency’s road access are quite good.
Head of Integrated Licensing Service Office of Banjarnegara Regency (Integrated Licensing Service Office / KPPT Kabupaten Banjarnegara) Jl. Let. Jend.Suprapto No. 234 A Banjarnegara
Tel / Fax: +62286 591012 and 594015
b. Salak Fruit Canning Industry in Banjarnegara District
Banjarnegara Regency is located on a mountainous path in the middle of Central Java province with varying altitude between 100 - 500 m above the sea level/ASL (37.04%), between 500 - 1000 m ASL (28.74%) and above 1000 m ASL (24.40%). The highest rainfall in Banjarnegara is in Madukara Sub-district with as much as 3989 mm per year from 214 rainy days, whilst the lowest rainfall is in Purwareja Klampok Sub-district with 2950 mm per year from 132 rainy days. Banjarnegara is very suitable for high-altitude plantations especially salak pondoh plants which are found in 16 Sub-districts, namely: Susukan, Mandiraja, Purwanegara, Bawang, Banjarnegara, Pagedongan, Sigaluh, Madukara, Banjarmangu, Punggelan, Karangkobar, Pagentan, Pejawaran, Wanayasa, Kalibening and Pandanarum.
Banjarnegara Regency offers an investment opportunity in the development of a salak canning factory because the current salak pondoh produced, mostly marketed outside the region, and even exported to neighboring countries such as Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam only in the form of fresh fruit, which has a very limited shelf life and market value.
Madukara or Sigaluh Sub-districts. Land owned by the community.
Estimated investment value: Rp 5 Billion
The availability of salak plantation land in all 16 Sub-districts with the number of trees as much as 16,029,026 of stems and produced as much as 364.725.200 kg in 2013. The raw materials are very abundant, along with labors with wages that are still relatively low compared to other regions.
Provincial and district road access is quite good.
Head of Integrated Licensing Service Office of Banjarnegara Regency (Integrated Licensing Service Office / KPPT Kabupaten Banjarnegara)
Jl. Let. Jend.Suprapto No. 234 A Banjarnegara
Phone / Fax: +62286 591012 and 594015
- Wikipedia https://www.Banjarnegarakab.go.id